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FAQ(s): Dropouts: Why do students drop out of school and what might help them to stay?
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Does Compulsory School Attendance Affect Schooling and Earni...
To investigate the impact of compulsory schooling laws in the United States and to determine whether students who attend school longer because of compulsory schooling receive higher earnings as a result of their increased schooling.
Issue/Topic: Attendance--Compulsory
Author(s): Krueger, Alan; Angrist, Joshua
Publication: Quarterly Journal of Economics
Season: Fall 1991
  • The interaction of school entry requirements and compulsory schooling laws compel students born in certain months to attend school longer than students born in other months.

  • Season of birth is related to educational attainme...
  • 1991-09-01T00:00:00
    Dropout Process in Life Course Perspective: Early Risk Facto...
    To understand what distinguishes youth in our large cities who leave school before graduating from those who stay in school -- to understand what factors place them at risk of dropping out and to identify resources potentially within their reach that might mitigate this risk. The project's long time frame and broad purview enable the authors to explore, from a life course perspective, sources of risk and resilience in these young people's lives.
    Issue/Topic: High School; At-Risk (incl. Dropout Prevention)
    Author(s): Alexander, Karl; Entwisle, Doris; Kabbani, Nader
    Publication: Teachers College Record
    Season: Fall 2001
    How Big is the Problem?
    • Dropout status could be determined for 92.3% of the original cohort. According the these self-reports, 41.6% of the group dropped out at some point.
    Dropping Out of High School: The Role of School Organization...
    To determine the reasons students drop out of high school and how schools influence students' decisions. The study explores the link between school organization or structure and students' decisions to stay in school or drop out.
    Issue/Topic: At-Risk (incl. Dropout Prevention)
    Author(s): Lee, Valerie; Burkam, David
    Organization(s): University of Michigan
    Publication: American Educational Research Journal
    Season: Summer 2003

    Student background and dropping out (social relations)

    · 2003-06-01T00:00:00

    What Matters for Staying On-Track and Graduating in Chicago ...
    Looks at students' performance in their coursework during their freshman year, how it is related to eventual graduation, and how personal and school factors contribute to success or failure in freshman-year courses. Pulls apart a variety of indicators of freshman course performance -- including student failures, absences and overall grades -- to learn what matters for a successful freshman year.
    Issue/Topic: Attendance--Truancy/Chronic Absence; High School; At-Risk (incl. Dropout Prevention); Attendance
    Author(s): Allensworth, Elaine; Easton, John
    Organization(s): Consortium on Chicago School Research University of Chicago
    Season: Summer 2007

    Course Failures Matter

    • Course failures and overall GPA are strongly related. However, among students with the same number of Fs, higher grades in other courses increase the lik...
    Preventing Student Disengagement in Middle Schools
    Do many students in high-poverty schools become disengaged at the start of the middle grades? How early does this occur? Does this disengagement reduce the likelihood that they will eventually graduate? Are there indicators schools can easily use to identify 6th graders who are beginning to disengage from schooling in a significant and consequential manner? How large a role does student disengagement play?
    Issue/Topic: High School; High School--Dropout Rates/Graduation Rates; At-Risk (incl. Dropout Prevention); Middle School
    Author(s): Balfanz, Robert; Herzog, Lisa; Mac Iver, Douglas
    Organization(s): ; Philadelphia Education Fund
    Publication: Educational Psychologist
    Season: Fall 2007
    Four big risk factors
    • Four variables met criteria of having...
    What Types of Students' Effort Are Rewarded with High Marks?
    To investigate the relationship among achievement, effort and grades.
    Issue/Topic: Youth Engagement; Student Achievement
    Author(s): Kelly, Sean
    Publication: Sociology of Education
    Published On: 1/4/2008


    • In addition to achievement, effort and participation in class are important pr...
    School Structural Characteristics, Student Effort, Peer Asso...
    To investigate the individual-level influences and school structural characteristics associated with academic achievement using a national sample of 10th-grade students.
    Issue/Topic: At-Risk (incl. Dropout Prevention)
    Author(s): Stewart, Endya
    Publication: Education and Urban Society
    Season: Winter 2008
    Findings/Results: Results:
    The following appear to have positive effects on student achievement (as reflected by grade point averages):

  • Higher levels of effort, as measured by school attachment and school commitmen...
  • 2008-12-01T00:00:00
    Review of Empirical Evidence About School Size Effects: A Po...
    To determine the impact of school size on an array of different student and organizational outcomes.
    Issue/Topic: School/District Structure/Operations--School Size
    Author(s): Leithwood, Kenneth; Jantzi, Doris
    Organization(s): American Educational Research Association; Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto
    Publication: Review of Educational Research
    Season: Spring 2009
    • Smaller schools are generally better for most purposes.

    • Smaller does not mean "really small." Smaller is a relative term. For example, in districts with secondary school size exceeding 2,500, smaller can mean as many...
    Evaluating the Relationship Between Student Attendance and A...
    To explore to what degree student attendance is related to both grade point average (GPA) and standardized testing outcomes.
    Author(s): Gottfried, Michael
    Organization(s): University of Pennsylvania
    Publication: American Educational Research Journal
    Published On: 2010

    The findings support the premise that a significant and practically meaningful relationship exists between attendance and achievement across multiple grades in urban schools: students with a higher number of days present have higher GPAs...

    Focusing on the Participation and Engagement Gap: A Case Stu...
    To determine whether altering student attendance and student engagement contributes to closing the achievement gap.
    Issue/Topic: Student Achievement--Closing the Achievement Gap; Attendance
    Author(s): Fisher, Douglas; Frey, Nancy; Lapp, Diane
    Organization(s): Health Sciences High & Middle College
    Publication: Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk
    Published On: 2011

    Upon implementing a school-wide intervention to improve student attendance and achievement, the pass rates for Health Sciences High & Middle College students have increased steadily over the past three years and have outpaced...

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