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FAQ(s): College Persistence & Completion: What impacts student & institutional success?
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Unmasking the Effects of Student Engagement on First-Year Co...
To determine whether student background characteristics and level of student engagement in the freshman year affect student success and persistence.
Issue/Topic: Postsecondary Accountability--Student Learning; Postsecondary Success--Completion; Postsecondary Success--Retention/Persistence
Author(s): Kinzie, Jillian; Shoup, Rick; Gonyea, Robert; Cruce, Ty; Kuh, George
Organization(s): Journal of Higher Education
Publication: Journal of Higher Education
Published On: 9/1/2008
  • Student engagement in educationally purposeful activities is positively related to academic outcomes as represented by first-year student grades and by student persistence into the second year.
Impact of Increased Academic Intensity on Transfer Rates: An...
To examine the impact of increased academic intensity in community college on eventual transfer rates.
Issue/Topic: Postsecondary Institutions--Community/Technical Colleges; Postsecondary Academic Affairs--Transfer/Articulation
Author(s): Doyle, William
Organization(s): Peabody College, Vanderbilt University
Publication: Research in Higher Education
Published On: 2009

Despite several limitations of the study, the findings further the idea that increased academic intensity does causally impact transfer rates. Specifically, the findings reveal that taking 12 or more credit hours increases the probabilit...

Baccalaureate Success of Transfers and Rising 4-Year College...
To determine whether community colleges expand enrollment or divert students from attaining a bachelor's degree by examining the effect of socioeconomic status (SES) and institutional selectivity on the bachelor degree completion of transfer students and rising 4-year college juniors.
Issue/Topic: Postsecondary Institutions--Community/Technical Colleges; Postsecondary Success--Completion
Author(s): Dowd, Alicia; Melguizo, Tatiana
Publication: Teachers College Record
Published On: 2009

The diversion effect (community colleges divert students from attaining a bachelors degree) is much smaller than was previously estimated. Traditional-age students who arrive at 4-year colleges through community colleges are not at a dis...

Building Bridges for Student Success: Are Higher Education A...
To describe challenges associated with current endeavors to facilitate and measure transfer success; to attempt to resolve some of the inconsistencies in previous research on articulation policies; to illuminate promising paths for the future.
Issue/Topic: Postsecondary Academic Affairs--Transfer/Articulation
Author(s): Roksa, Josipa
Organization(s): University of Virginia
Publication: Teachers College Record
Published On: 2009
  • There is little evidence to date to suggest that statewide articulation policies are effective in facilitating transfer or baccalaureate degree attainment, but that may be less a reflection of the policies themselves and more a refl...
Do Expenditures Other Than Instructional Expenditures Affect...
To analyze whether investment growth in non-instructional expenditure categories contributes directly to increased retention and graduation rates; and to measure the degree of variation in student outcomes based on differences in socioeconomic and academic background.
Issue/Topic: Postsecondary Success--Completion
Author(s): Webber, Douglas; Ehrenberg, Ronald
Organization(s): National Bureau of Economic Research; Cornell Higher Education Research Institute
Publication: National Bureau of Economic Research
Published On: 2009
  • Growth in student service expenditures of $500 per student, on average, would increase an institution's six-year graduation rate by 0.7%.
  • Reallocation of $500 per student away from instructional expenditures and tow...
Crossing the Finish Line
To focus on overall trends and disparities in educational attainment at public universities,and to use this data to guide the future of public higher education in the United States.
Issue/Topic: High School--College Readiness; Postsecondary Finance; Postsecondary Success--Completion; Postsecondary Academic Affairs--Transfer/Articulation
Author(s): Bowen, William; McPherson, Michael; Chingos, Matthew
Publication: Crossing the Finish Line
Published On: 2009
Findings/Results: Challenges to overcome
  • The overall level of educational attainment in the United States today is both too low and stagnant.
  • The U.S. Educational system harbors
Why Have College Completion Rates Declined? An Analysis of C...
To examine how changes in student preparedness and changes in college characteristics have contributed to the national decline in college completion.
Issue/Topic: Postsecondary Success--Completion
Author(s): Bound, John; Lovenheim, Michael; Turner, Sarah
Organization(s): University of Michigan-Department of Economics; Cornell University; University of Virginia-Department of Economics
Publication: National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper
Published On: 2009

The findings show that 8-year college completion rates declined nationally from 50.5% to 45.9%. The decline is most pronounced among men who begin college at less-selective public 4-year schools and among students who begin college at a ...

Do Community Colleges Provide a Viable Pathway to a Baccalau...
To examine how the outcomes of community college entrants compared with those of similar students who initially entered 4-year institutions within the Ohio public higher education system.
Issue/Topic: Postsecondary Success--Completion; Postsecondary Academic Affairs--Transfer/Articulation
Author(s): Kurlaender, Michal; Terry Long, Bridget
Organization(s): Harvard University Graduate School of Education; University of California, Davis
Publication: American Educational Research Journal
Published On: 2009

The results suggest that there is a disadvantage to students, in terms of degree completion, credit accumulation and the risk for dropping out, to initially entering postsecondary study through community colleges. Moreover, this "pe...

Catching Up in Community Colleges: Academic Preparation and ...
To measure the extent to which academically unprepared students transfer to four-year institutions; to assess whether successful completion of intermediate outcomes diminishes the role of initial preparation and increases the probability of transfer.
Issue/Topic: Postsecondary Institutions--Community/Technical Colleges; Postsecondary Academic Affairs--Transfer/Articulation
Author(s): Roksa, Josipa; Calcagno, Juan
Organization(s): University of Virginia; Community College Research Center, Teachers College, Columbia University
Publication: Teachers College Record
Published On: 1/1/2010
  • Almost 20% of students who entered community college with poor academic preparation transferred to a four-year institution within 15 terms (5 years), but lagged behind their more academically prepared counterparts, 34% of whom trans...
Career and Technical Education as Pathways: Factors Influenc...
To investigate the role of career and technical education (CTE) programs in influencing the postcollege earning of students. Additionally, to investigate the relationship between student characteristics such as gender, race/ethnicity, program of study, and earnings outcomes for students enrolled in community college CTE programs in business, information technology and marketing in the state of Iowa.
Issue/Topic: Economic/Workforce Development--Value of an Education; Postsecondary Institutions--Community/Technical Colleges; Career/Technical Education
Author(s): Santos Laanan, Frankie; Starobin, Soko; Compton, Jonathan
Publication: Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk (JESPAR)
Published On: 4/19/2010


For the three career clusters studied (Business, IT and Marketing), and for all types of students, associate degree completion rates are very low, particularly for male students, non-White students, and,...

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