ECSheading
From the ECS State Policy Database
Governance--Ethics/Conflict of Interest


Education Commission of the States • 700 Broadway, Suite 810 • Denver, CO 80203-3442 • 303.299.3600 • fax 303.296.8332 • www.ecs.org

This database is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States (ECS). Most entries are legislative, although rules/regulations and executive orders that make substantive changes are included. Every effort is made to collect the latest available version of policies; in some instances, recent changes might not be reflected. For expediency purposes minimal attention has been paid to style (capitalization, punctuation) and format.

Please cite use of the database as: Education Commission of the States (ECS) State Policy Database, retrieved [date].

State Status/Date Level Summary
MOTo governor 05/2014P-12School Purchases & Ethical Provisions
S.B. 719
Prohibits any elected official, appointed official, or employee of any school district from performing a service, or selling, renting, or leasing any property to the school district for more than five hundred dollars per transaction or for five thousand dollar...

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VASigned into law 04/2014P-12
Postsec.
Conflicts of Interests Council
S.B. 649/H.B. 1211
Creates the Virginia Conflict of Interest and Ethics Advisory Council ("council"). Establishes powers and duties of the council, to include reviewing all disclosure forms filed by state and local government officers/employees and legislators. Transfers certain...

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IDSigned into law 03/2014P-12Employment of Trustee Spouse
H.B. 568
Revises the authority of school district trustees and public charter school board of directors regarding employment of a spouse. Provides that no spouse of any trustee may be employed by a school district or a charter school within a school district with a fal...

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NYSigned into law 12/2013P-12Special Education Services and Programs for Preschoolers with Disabilities
S.B. 5568
Provides that if a district's committee on preschool special education recommends placing a child in an approved program that also conducted an evaluation of such child, the committee must indicate in writing that such placement is appropriate for the child. R...

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CASigned into law 10/2013P-12Online Filing of Statements of Economic Interests
A.B. 409
From bill summary: Makes a declaration that this legislation furthers the purposes of the Political Reform Act of 1974. Authorizes the Fair Political Practices Commission to develop and operate an online system for public officials to file statements of econom...

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LASigned into law 06/2012P-12Education Requirements for Retirement System Board of Trustees Members
S.B. 16
Amends education requirements for members of retirement system boards of trustees. Makes continuing education requirements also applicable to each designee of a member. Doubles the hours of training required each year related to actuarial science information; ...

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LASigned into law 06/2012P-12Ethics Education for Statewide Candidates for Elected Office
H.B. 365
Requires a candidate for statewide elective office or state legislator to obtain at least one hour of ethics education and training in the same manner as statutorily required of public servants. Provides for certification of completion of such education and tr...

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MSSigned into law 04/2012P-12Establish Administrative Due Process for Licensure Violations
H.B. 1144
Establishes an office within the State Department of Education to respond to and conduct hearings regarding educator and administrator licensure and ethics violations. Provides that approval of educator preparation programs is subject to a process and schedule...

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KYSigned into law 04/2012P-12Hiring the Superintendent's Spouse
H.B. 366
Allows a superintendent's spouse who has at least 8 years of service in school systems to be an employee in the district in which the superintendent is employed (under previous provisions, superintendent's spouse had to have at least 20 years of service in sch...

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CAVetoed 10/2011P-12Gifts to Board Members and Employees of Public Employees' Retirement System and State Teachers' Retirement System
S.B. 439
From bill summary: Prohibits any member of the board of, and any designated employee of, the Public Employees' Retirement System (PERS) or State Teachers' Retirement System (STRS) from accepting gifts in any calendar year with a total value of more than $50 fr...

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TXSigned into law 06/2011P-12Campaign Finance Reports for School Board Trustees and Candidates
H.B. 336
From fiscal analysis: Requires school districts located either wholly or partly in a city with a population of 500,000 or more, and with a student enrollment of more than 15,000, to post on their Web sites the campaign finance reports for school board trustees...

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GASigned into law 05/2011P-12Professional Standards Commission
H.B. 285
Directs the Professional Standards Commission to revise its certification renewal rules to require, effective July 2015, demonstration of the impact of professional learning on educator performance and student learning for purposes of certification renewal. Di...

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ARSigned into law 03/2011P-12Enforcement of Ethics Violations
H.B. 1952
Replaces prior policy on reporting of ethics violations for educators. Defines ethics violations, reporting requirements and disciplinary action to be taken in instances of ethics violations by an educator.
http://www.arkleg.state.ar.us/assembly/2011/2011R/Act...

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NYVetoed 08/2010Postsec.SUNY and CUNY Trustees
S.B. 1736
Relates to qualifications for certain appointed positions with the board of trustees for the state university and CUNY. Prohibits specified SUNY trustees who are gubernatorial appointees from being employees of the governor. Prohibits specified CUNY trustees w...

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ILSigned into law 07/2010P-12School Board Business, Conflicts of Interest
S.B. 3515
Allows a school treasurer to pay recurring bills upon certification by the clerk or secretary of the school board (instead of requiring an order of the school board signed by the president and clerk or secretary or by a majority of the board). Makes changes to...

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TXAdopted 06/2010P-12Code of Ethics for Texas Permanent School Fund
19 TAC 33.5
Amends s.33.5, concerning the code of ethics policy for managing and investing the Texas Permanent School Fund. Section 33.5 establishes procedures and requirements for a code of ethics policy relating to the Texas Permanent School Fund. The amendment clarifie...

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GASigned into law 05/2010P-12Local Board Members and Local Superintendents
S.B. 84
Requires local board member who moves out of local board jurisdiction to notify the local board secretary within 10 days of such move. Allows employees of private K-12 schools to serve on local school boards.

Defines "immediate family member" as spouse, chil...

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UTSigned into law 03/2010P-12Charter Schools
S.B. 188
Expands the membership of the state board of education by including a member of the state charter school board as a nonvoting member. Removes a statutory enrollment cap on charter schools. Allows the state board to approve an increase in charter school enrollm...

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UTSigned into law 03/2010P-12Financial Disclosures/Conflicts of Interest
H.B. 270
Requires candidates for governor, lieutenant governor, state auditor, state treasurer, attorney general, state legislator, or state board of education member to file a financial disclosure at the time of filing a declaration of candidacy, and at least annually...

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ILSigned into law 12/2009P-12Competitive Bids and Electronic Processes
H.B. 613
In provisions requiring certain contracts to be awarded by competitive bid, provides that the acceptance of bids sealed by a bidder and the opening of these bids at a public bid opening may be permitted by an electronic process for communicating, accepting and...

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CAVetoed 10/2009Postsec.
Community College
Postsecondary Auxiliary Organizations
S.B. 218
The California Public Records Act requires state and local agencies to make their records available for public inspection and to make copies available upon request and payment of a fee unless those records are exempt from disclosure. The act defines the terms ...

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ILSigned into law 08/2009Community CollegeElectronic
H.B. 862
Provides that electronic bid submissions to community colleges must be considered a sealed document for competitive bid requests if they are received at the designated office by the time and date set for receipt for bids. Requires electronic bid submissions to...

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ORSigned into law 08/2009P-12Sexual misconduct
H.B. 2476
Creates a sentencing enhancement for sexual abuse in the second degree when the offender is a specified age or older and is a minor victim's athletic coach; increases biennial appropriations from the General Fund to the Department of Corrections and Public Def...

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HIVeto overridden: legislature has overridden governor's veto 07/2009P-12Campaign/Finance Laws
H.B. 128
Organizes, clarifies, updates and recodifies campaign finance laws. Restricts limitations on contributions by contractors with the state to contributions by non-bid contractors only. Increases percentage limit on contributions by non-residents. Allows for pro-...

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TXSigned into law 06/2009Postsec.Bacterial Meningitis and Postsecondary Compliance Programs
H.B. 4189
Creates new Section 51.9192. Applies to first-time students enrolling in public, private and independent institutions of higher education on or after June 2010, and residing in on-campus housing. Requires such a student to provide a signed certificate evidenci...

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TXSigned into law 06/2009P-12Electronic Textbooks and Instructional Materials
H.B. 4294
Relates to instructional materials and technological equipment in public schools. Adds Section 31.0231, "Electronic Textbook and Instructional Material List." Directs the commissioner to adopt a list of electronic textbooks and instructional material including...

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GASigned into law 05/2009P-12Anti-Nepotism Provisions
H.B. 251 Section 2
Defines immediate family member. Effective with local board members elected or appointed after July 2009, bars an individual who has an immediate family member on a local board or serving as the district superintendent or as a principal, assistant principal or...

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GASigned into law 05/2009P-12Nepotism
H.B. 251- Section Affecting Superintendent Selection
This section of H.B. 251 prohibits any person from being eligible to be appointed, employed, or to serve as superintendent of schools of any county or independent school system who has an immediate family member sitting on the local board of education for such...

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WASigned into law 04/2009P-12Sexual Misconduct
H.B. 1385
Modifies provisions relating to sexual misconduct by school employees; protects registered school students from sexual misconduct by school employees. Chapter 324
http://apps.leg.wa.gov/documents/billdocs/2009-10/Pdf/Bills/Session%20Law%202009/1385.SL.pdf...

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WASigned into law 04/2009P-12Ethics
H.B. 1319
Prohibits school district employees from using public assets for private gain; prohibits a school district employee from employing or using any person, money, or property under the employee's official control or direction, in his or her official custody, or wi...

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NYSigned into law 10/2008P-12Lawyers and Compensation, Health Insurance and Other Benefits
S.B. 8699
Creates new part III (sections 2050 through 2054) of article 41 of the education code. Provides that a lawyer may not simultaneously be an independent contractor and an employee of a district or board of cooperative educational services (BOCES). Provides that ...

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ILVeto overridden: legislature has overridden governor's veto 08/2008Community College
Postsec.
Community College Districts
H.B. 4189
Amends the State Officials and Employees Ethics Act. Classifies community college districts as units of local government that must adopt resolutions regulating political activities, solicitation and acceptance of gifts by their officials and employees. http://...

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ILSigned into law 08/2008P-12Job-Related Felony
H.B. 4700
Provides that the State's Attorney must notify the board of trustees for the retirement system or pension fund if an employee is convicted of a job-related felony relating to or arising in connection with the employment for which the employee is covered under ...

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NYSigned into law 07/2008P-12License Revocation for Conviction for Defrauding the Government
S.B. 8554
Requires the commissioner of education to revoke and annul the certificates of school administrators or supervisors for the conviction of felony defrauding of the government. http://assembly.state.ny.us/leg/?bn=S08554&sh=t...

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HIVeto overridden: legislature has overridden governor's veto 07/2008Postsec.Postsecondary Governance Transparency
S.B. 2263
Requires the board of regents of the University of Hawaii to disclose, in open meetings for the purpose of public comment, proposed compensation or changes in compensation for executive and managerial positions. Requires all documents regarding expenditures an...

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LASigned into law 06/2008Postsec.Alumni Association Financial Statements
H.B. 1184
Provides that any alumni association, alumni foundation, or other private, nonprofit alumni organization that supports a public institution of higher education and that raises $75,000 or less in a fiscal year is not required to have an audit. Requires such an ...

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AZVetoed 05/2008P-12Ethics
S.B. 1341
Provides that the State Board of Education will recommend to each School District or Charter School a code of conduct for certified and noncertified employees of school districts and charter schools that shall include descriptions of unprofessional and immoral...

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ALSigned into law 05/2008P-12Competitive Bidding on Contracts
H.B. 442
Relates to competitive bidding on contracts of certain state and local agencies. Increases the minimum amount of contracts subject to competitive bid. Includes city and county boards of education in the list of awarding authorities that may establish local pre...

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GASigned into law 05/2008P-12
Postsec.
Community College
Transparency in Government Act
S.B. 300
Provides for audits and the examination of books and records. Provides for the creation and maintenance of a searchable Web site that provides public access to certain state expenditure information. Relates to the Department of Audits and Accounts and the Depa...

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TNSigned into law 05/2008P-12Boards Establish Their Own Ethical Standards
S.B. 3024
Considers all county, municipal and special school districts in the state to be separate governmental entities. Allows the school boards of each county, municipal, and special school district to establish ethical standards used to govern their respective schoo...

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GASigned into law 05/2008P-12Board Members Selling School Supplies
H.B. 602
Provides an exception to provision prohibiting a school board member from selling school supplies or equipment to the county board. http://www.legis.state.ga.us/legis/2007_08/pdf/hb602.pdf...

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LASigned into law 03/2008P-12Ethics Education
H.B. 33A
Establishes qualification and education requirements for persons designated by state agencies to provide ethics education and information to their agencies; provides relative to identifying the designees for an agency and who is required to designate such pers...

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LASigned into law 03/2008P-12Ethnics Education
H.B. 6A
Requires each public servant to receive a certain amount of ethics education and training during each year of his term of office or employment. Requires each registered lobbyist to receive a certain amount of training on the lobbying laws under which he is reg...

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SDSigned into law 02/2008P-12
Postsec.
Community College
Ethics
H.B. 1138
Prohibits the use of a false academic degree or a degree that is not completed to obtain employment, a promotion, admission to postsecondary education or in connection with any business, trade or occupation.
http://legis.state.sd.us/index.aspx...

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LAAdopted 11/2007P-12Business Manager and Constitution Day
LAC 28:CXV.503, 2305
Amends sections of Bulletin 741 - Handbook for School Administrators.

503: Adds business manager to the list of certified personnel a district is required to hire. This addition was required by a new state statute.

2305: Requires schools to have an educatio...

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ILVetoed 08/2007Community College
Postsec.
State Officials and Employees Ethics Act
H.B. 3504
Amends the State Officials and Employees Ethics Act. Classifies community college districts as units of local government that must adopt resolutions regulating the political activities and the solicitation and acceptance of gifts by officials and employees. ht...

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NYSigned into law 07/2007P-12New York City Community School District
S.B. 1666
Amends the Education Law in relation to the effect of certain regulations and by-laws on community council members, community superintendents, and all other officers and employees in schools and programs under the jurisdiction of the community district educati...

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HIVetoed 07/2007Postsec.Administrative Positions in the University of Hawaii System
S.B. 46
Provides that for administrative positions in the University of Hawaii system filled by excluded employees, proposed compensation or change in compensation must be disclosed in open meeting for purposes of public comment. Bill: http://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/se...

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LASigned into law 07/2007P-12
Postsec.
Community College
Code of Governmental Ethics
H.B. 493
Provides that the state board of ethics must, on a regular basis, offer training on its computerized data management system, as well as educational materials detailing the procedures necessary to file such reports electronically. Directs the board to design an...

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TXSigned into law 06/2007Postsec.Scholarship Prohibitions for Relatives of Board Members
S.B. 1325
Prohibits relatives of public college and university board members from receiving certain scholarships from the institution or system whose board the member serves, with exceptions.
http://www.capitol.state.tx.us/tlodocs/80R/billtext/pdf/SB01325F.pdf...

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KYSigned into law 04/2007Postsec.
Community College
Contract Between Postsecondary Institution and a Business
S.B. 130
Relates to employee interest in contracts between a public postsecondary education institution and a business; permits a governing board of a public postsecondary institution to adopt regulations establishing the conditions under which and the procedures where...

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WVSigned into law 03/2007P-12School Contracts & Services Conflict-of-Interest Prohibition
H.B. 3094
Prohibits county and district school officers, secretaries of boards of education, school supervisors or superintendents, and teachers from having a pecuniary interest in certain contracts and services, or in the furnishing of any supplies in the contract, or ...

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NJAdopted 09/2006Postsec.
Community College
Higher Education Institution Code of Ethics
NJAC 9A:3
Amends rules concerning the Higher Education Commission's Institutional Code of Ethics to require every public institution of higher education in the state to develop a code of ethics that complies with the requirements of all statutes, rules and executive ord...

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LASigned into law 07/2006P-12Exception to Nepotism Policy
H.B. 675
Allows an immediate family member of a school board member or of a superintendent in a parish with a population of 26,000 or less to be promoted to an administrative position if such family member has the appropriate qualifications and certifications for such ...

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IDSigned into law 03/2006P-12Watchers at School District Elections
H.B. 671
Amends existing law relating to school district elections to allow the candidate to authorize a watcher to observe the conduct of the election; to permit challengers and watchers to work in shifts; to provide for watchers at school district elections which are...

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ILAdopted 02/2006P-12CODE OF REGULATIONS
74 IAC 420.130, 140, 310, 320, 410, 420, 430, 630, 640, 710, 720
Provides standards for the conduct of financial audits of regional offices of education and certain educational service centers. http://www.sos.state.il.us/departments/index/register/register_volume30_issue7.pdf (starts page 329 of 520, see esp. 338 of 520)...

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ARSigned into law 04/2005P-12School Districts' Employment of Board Members' Relatives
H.B. 1867
An act to restrict school districts from employing relatives of board members.
http://www.arkleg.state.ar.us/ftproot/bills/2005/public/HB1867.pdf...

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ARSigned into law 03/2005P-12School District Auditors
H.B. 2700
Requires school district auditors to comply with the requirements and prohibitions of the federal Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002. http://www.arkleg.state.ar.us/ftproot/bills/2005/public/HB2700.pdf...

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KYSigned into law 03/2005P-12
Postsec.
Open Meetings and Open Records Information
H.B. 77
Requires the attorney general to distribute Open Meetings and Open Records Act information to local government officials, superintendents of public school districts, and presidents of public universities. Requires superintendents and presidents of public unive...

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PASigned into law 11/2004P-12School Districts Prohibited Transactions
H.B. 561
Amends the Pennsylvania Securities Act of 1972. Further defines "institutional investor." Adds a definition. Further provides for prohibited advisory activities and for prohibited transactions involving public school districts in this Commonwealth. Exempts a m...

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CASigned into law 08/2004Postsec.Ethnics Course for Postsecondary Board Members
A.B. 1969
Requires the Trustees of California State University, and urges the Regents of the University of California, to offer, on at least a semiannual basis, to each member, officer, or designated employee who, because of his or her affiliation with their respective ...

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LASigned into law 07/2004P-12Retirement Systems
H.B. 1215
Requires persons who have or who are seeking to obtain a contractual or other relationship with a state or statewide public retirement system to disclosure certain expenditures. Establishes penalties for failing to file a report, filing a late report, or filin...

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LASigned into law 06/2004P-12Legislative Auditor
H.B. 490
Notwithstanding any provision of present law to the contrary, any entity which establishes scholastic rules which are the basis for the state board of elementary and secondary education's policy relative to extracurricular activities which are required for all...

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GAVetoed 05/2004P-12Criminal Checks and Code of Ethics
H.B. 198
Requires local school boards to adopt a code of ethics; requires local units of administration to request a criminal check of teachers, principals, and other certificated professional personnel within 10 working days of hire. http://www.legis.state.ga.us/legis...

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LASigned into law 06/2003P-12School Board Members May Not Coerce Decisions
H.B. 1905
Prohibits a school board member from acting in an individual capacity without the authorization of the school board to use his authority of office to directly or indirectly compel or coerce personnel decisions or employee decisions, including the promotion, di...

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AZSigned into law 05/2003P-12Elections and School Personnel
H.B. 2279
Prohibits a person acting on behalf of a school district from using school district or charter school personnel, equipment, buildings or other resources for the purpose of influencing the outcome of elections; prohibits district or charter school employees fro...

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LASigned into law 06/2001P-12Exception from Ethics Code for Former School Board Members
S.B. 221
Provides for an exception from the Ethics Code to allow former city/parish school board members to contract with, be employed by, or be appointed by such board to any position with such board which requires a teacher's certificate....

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ARSigned into law 04/2001P-12Ethical guidelines for educational administrators, employees and board members.
S.B. 817
Provides to set forth certain ethical guidelines and prohibitions for educational administrators, employees and board members....

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GASigned into law 03/2000P-12Omnibus Bill - School Board Anti-Nepotism Policies
H.B. 1187
Local boards of education may not employ or promote any person who is a member of the immediate family of any board member, unless a public, recorded vote is taken on such employment or promotion as a separate matter from any other personnel matter. The board ...

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