From the ECS State Policy Database

Education Commission of the States • 700 Broadway, Suite 810 • Denver, CO 80203-3442 • 303.299.3600 • fax 303.296.8332 •

The following summary includes policies ECS has tracked in this database since 1994. This database is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States (ECS). Most entries are legislative, although rules/regulations and executive orders that make substantive changes are included. Every effort is made to collect the latest available version of policies; in some instances, recent changes might not be reflected. For expediency purposes minimal attention has been paid to style (capitalization, punctuation) and format. To view the documents, click on the blue triangle next to the topic of interest.

Please cite use of the database as: Education Commission of the States (ECS) State Policy Database, retrieved [date].

State Status/Date Level Summary
+ 21st Century Skills
+ Accountability
+ Accountability--Accreditation
+ Accountability--Measures/Indicators
+ Accountability--Reporting Results
+ Accountability--Rewards
+ Accountability--Sanctions/Interventions
+ Accountability--Sanctions/Interventions--Learnfare
+ Accountability--Sanctions/Interventions--No Pass No Drive
+ Accountability--Sanctions/Interventions--No Pass No Play
+ Accountability--Sanctions/Interventions--Takeovers
+ Accountability--School Improvement
+ Adult Basic Education
+ Assessment
+ Assessment--Accommodations
+ Assessment--Backlash
+ Assessment--College Entrance Exams
+ Assessment--Computer Based
+ Assessment--End-of-Course
+ Assessment--Formative/Interim
+ Assessment--NAEP (NAEP Results and NAEP Organization)
+ Assessment--Performance Based/Portfolio
+ Assessment--Value Added
+ At-Risk (incl. Dropout Prevention)
+ At-Risk (incl. Dropout Prevention)--Alternative Education
+ At-Risk (incl. Dropout Prevention)--Drugs/Alcohol
+ Athletics/Extracurricular Activities
+ Attendance
- Attendance--Compulsory
NYSigned into law 07/2014P-12Allowing Kindergarten Attendance to Be Mandatory in Utica
A.B. 9472
Authorizes the Utica school district to require certain five years olds to attend kindergarten.

NYSigned into law 07/2014P-12Allowing Kindergarten Attendance to Be Mandatory in Buffalo
S.B. 7347
Authorizes the Buffalo school district to require certain five-year-olds to attend kindergarten.

HISigned into law 05/2014P-12Making Kindergarten Attendance Mandatory
S.B. 2768
Makes kindergarten mandatory for children who will be at least five years of age by July 31 of the school year, unless otherwise exempt. Also lowers compulsory school age to children age 5 by July 31 of the school year.

MSSigned into law 03/2014P-12Kindergarten Age
S.B. 2571
Sections 2 and 4. Changes from September 1 to August 1 the cut-off date as it relates to the definition of "compulsory-school-age child."

ILSigned into law 08/2013P-12Compulsory School Age
S.B. 1307
Lowers compulsory school age from 7 to 6 (on or before September 1), effective with the 2014-15 school year.

NCSigned into law 07/2013P-12Pilot Program to Raise Dropout Age
S.B. 402
Requires the State Board of Education to authorize the Hickory Public Schools and the Newton-Conover City Schools to establish and implement a pilot program to increase the high school dropout age from 16 to 18, unless the student has previously graduated from...

MEVetoed 06/2013P-12Compulsory School Attendance
H.P. 871
Would have changed the compulsory school attendance laws to provide that a child who enrolls in a public day school before the child is 7 years of age is required to remain in attendance at a public day school or at an equivalent instruction alternative to att...

DESigned into law 05/2013P-12Earlier Truancy Intervention
H.B. 24
Implements recommendations from the Truancy Task Force by changing provisions of the Delaware Code regarding compulsory attendance and when a truancy case must be brought to the Truancy Court. Specifically, school attendance requirements apply to enrolled stud...

IASigned into law 04/2013P-12Preschool Enrollment Considered "Of Compulsory Age"
H.F. 351
Adds a new section to require a child who has reached the age of four by September 15 and who is enrolled in the statewide preschool program to be considered to be of compulsory attendance age unless the parent or guardian of the child submits written notice t...

KYSigned into law 03/2013P-12Upper Compulsory School Age
S.B. 97
Effective with the 2015-16 school year, permits a local board to raise the upper compulsory school age from 16 to 18. Requires a local board adopting such a policy to certify that the district has, or will have, programs to meet the needs of potential dropouts...

ILSigned into law 08/2012P-12Commission for High School Graduation Achievement and Success
S.B. 3259
Creates the Commission for High School Graduation Achievement and Success to study the issue of high school graduation in the state. Directs the commission to study:
(1) Illinois graduation rates
(2) the mandatory attendance age
(3) alternative educational pro...

LAAdopted 06/2012P-12Compulsory Attendance
LAC 28:CXV.1103
Amends compulsory attendance provisions. Permits the parent/guardian of a student who is at least 16 but not 18 to request a waiver from the local superintendent for that student to exit school to enroll in an
adult education program approved by the Louisiana ...

ALSigned into law 05/2012P-12Reducing Minimum Compulsory School Age
S.B. 28
Lowers the minimum age at which children are required to attend public school from seven to six years of age....

IASigned into law 05/2012P-12Kindergarten Requirement
S.F. 2284 - Division XIII
This section requires that a student who is enrolled in a district and is age 5 by 9/15 be considered of compulsory attendance age unless the parent files in writing an intent to remove the child from school.

GASigned into law 04/2012P-12Administration and Enforcement of Compulsory Attendance Laws
H.B. 706 - Administration and Enforcement of Compulsory Attendance Laws
Clarifies that responsibility for administration and enforcement of compulsory attendance laws is the duty of the state department of education as well as local systems (previous legislation referred only to duty of local systems). Places responsibility for r...

KYSigned into law 04/2012P-12School Entrance and Lower Compusory School Ages
S.B. 24
Amends school entrance ages and compulsory school ages. Effective with the 2017-18 school year, kindergarten entrance age is 5 by August 1 and lower compulsory school age is 6 by August 1 (previous date for both was October 1). Directs local boards to adopt po...

MDSigned into law 04/2012P-12Compulsory Attendance
S.B. 362
Raises from 16 to 17 the maximum age at which children are required to attend a public school regularly during the entire school year, subject to specified exceptions. To take effect July 1, 2015. Raises the maximum age from 17 to 18, with specified exception ...

NESigned into law 04/2012P-12Compulsory Attendance
L.B. 996
Changes provisions relating to compulsory attendance. Retains upper age of 16 but lays out an explicit process and requirements for early withdrawal by a parent.

ORSigned into law 03/2012P-12Attendance - Early Grades
H.B. 4014
Provides that all children ages 5 or 6 enrolled in a public school are required to attend regularly. (sec. 13)

RISigned into law 07/2011P-12Compulsory Attendance Ages
H.B. 5061 and S.B. 46
Raises the upper age for compulsory attendance from 16 to age 18. Add enrollment in a postsecondary institution an exception for this requirement. Allows waivers only upon proof that the pupil is 16 or older and has an alternative learning plan for obtaining e...

LASigned into law 06/2011P-12Compulsory Attendance and GED
H.B. 95
Indicates that a child who is at least seventeen years of age and who, after successfully completing a program established by the State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education, has been issued a Louisiana high school equivalency diploma in accordance with ...

NVSigned into law 05/2011P-12Compulsory Attendance
A.B. 138--Compulsory Attendance
Bill repeals provisions relating to the exemption of children from compulsory school attendance as follows: Repeals 392.090 which permitted a child who has completed eighth grade to leave school; Repeals 392.100 excusing attendance of a child 14 years of age o...

NCSigned into law 07/2010P-12Enrollment of Child under 5 Who Is Child of Military Personnel
S.B. 1246 - Enrollment of Child under 5 Who Is Child of Military Personnel
Permits public school entry of child who does not turn 5 by August 31 of the school year but whose parent is an active duty member of U.S. armed forces who is the sole legal custodian of the child, and is stationed in another state, and is deployed for duty aw...

LASigned into law 06/2010P-12Student Attendance Policies
S.B. 309
Revises compulsory school attendance, and habitual student absence or tardiness policies.

WVSigned into law 03/2010P-12Implements the High School Graduation Improvement Act
H.B. 4593
Implements the High School Graduation Improvement Act, which includes: (1) the continued exploration of diverse instructional delivery strategies to accommodate various learning styles that will focus on a statewide dropout intervention and prevention program ...

MISigned into law 01/2010P-12Raise Drop Out Age to 18
H.B. 4787 - Sec. 1561, 1596
Part of Michigan's Race to the Top Legislation. Beginning with students in the 6th grade in the 2009-2010 school year, the compulsory attendance law is raised from 16 to 18. The law continues to allow exemptions for home schooled students, private school stude...

ILSigned into law 08/2009P-12Sick Leave and Compulsory Schooling Exemptions
H.B. 645
Allows a school board to require a certificate from a licensed chiropractic physician as a basis for pay after an absence of 3 days for personal illness. Allows an exemption from compulsory schooling laws for a child whose incapacitating disability is certifie...

MOSigned into law 07/2009P-12Compulsory Age
S.B. 291--School Flex Program
Act established school flex program allowing eligible students in 11th and 12th grades to attend school a minimum of two instructional hours per school day within their school district; pursue a timely graduation; provide evidence of college or technical caree...

ALSigned into law 05/2009P-12Dropout Prevention
S.B. 334
Increases the upper mandatory school age to 17 while retaining existing exceptions for certain students. Allows a student over the age of 17 to leave school before graduation if the child's parent provides written consent and an exit interview is conducted whe...

IDSigned into law 04/2009P-12Attendance
S.B. 1017
Amends existing law relating to attendance at schools; revises a provision relating to school attendance requirements; revises a provision relating to proceedings against parents or guardians. Chapter 103

MSSigned into law 04/2009P-12Superintendent Approval of Absences for Medical and Dental Appointments
H.B. 525
Deletes the requirement that the school superintendent must approve student absences for medical and dental appointments. Authorizes a designee of the superintendent to report unlawful absences to the school attendance officer.

NMSigned into law 04/2009P-12Compulsory Attendance and Unexcused Absenses
S.B. 189
Changes terms and notice provisions of compulsory attendance policies; clarifies how unexcused absences are determined; requires reports.

UTAdopted 10/2007P-12Truancy Prevention
Adopts rules in compliance with 2007 H.B. 207. Amends definition of "habitual truant." Requires local boards and charter school boards to develop a truancy policy that encourages regular, punctual attendance of students, and to review the policy annually. Requ...

ILSigned into law 08/2007P-12Compulsory School Age
S.B. 543
Requires a person having custody or control of a child who is below the compulsory school age but enrolled in kindergarten in a public school to cause the child to attend the public school.

NHSigned into law 07/2007P-12Raises Compulsory School Age
S.B. 18
Raises from 16 to 18 the age for compulsory school attendance and provides a procedure for a pupil who is at least 16 years of age to obtain an attendance waiver from school.

NHSigned into law 07/2007P-12Clarifies Exemptions to Compulsory School Attendance
H.B. 87
Inserts clarifications to the exceptions to the compulsory school attendance statute.

NVSigned into law 06/2007P-12
Dropout Reporting, Exit Exam Alternatives, Competency Based Credits
S.B. 312
Expands the annual reports of accountability information to include the rate of pupils who drop out of school in grades 6, 7 and 8. Requires the State Board to prescribe alternative criteria that a pupil may satisfy to receive a standard high school diploma if...

MESigned into law 05/2007P-12Compulsory Attendance Coordinator
S.B. 155; L
Concerns compulsory school attendance. This bill adds to the duties of the attendance coordinator serving as the liaison between the school and the local law enforcement agency in matters pertaining to student absenteeism.

NMSigned into law 04/2007P-12
High School Redesign
H.B. 584/S.B. 561
Provides for high school redesign. Directs the department of education to establish a readiness assessment system to measure the readiness of every New Mexico high school student for success in higher education or a career no later than the 2008-2009 school ye...

TXSigned into law 04/2007P-12Requiring Attendance of Those Voluntarily Attending School
H.B. 566
H.B. 566 authorizes school districts to require persons who voluntarily enroll in school or voluntarily attend school after their 18th birthday to attend school until the end of the school year (to help districts reduce the number of dropouts). The bill also ...

COSigned into law 03/2007P-12Minimum Compulsory Attendance Age
S.B. 16
Changes the minimum age for compulsory education from seven to six years, on or before August 1 of each year. Compulsory attendance ages therefore would be six through seventeen years.

SDSigned into law 03/2007P-12Raises Compulsory Attendance Age to 18
S.B. 199
Increases the compulsory attendance age for school attendance from 16 to 18, unless the child has graduated or is excused per certain provisions.

UTSigned into law 03/2007P-12School Truancy & Compulsory Education Updates
H.B. 207
Directs a local school board, local charter board, or school district to preapprove an extended absence of a school-age minor if it is determined that the absence will not adversely impact the school-age minor's education; describes compulsory education requir...

CASigned into law 08/2006P-12Compulsory Attendance Policies
A.B. 2181
Amends existing law that specifically authorizes a court to order a person who is convicted for failing to comply with compulsory attendance laws to immediately enroll the child in the appropriate school or educational program and provide proof of enrollment t...

OKSigned into law 06/2006P-12Enforcement of Attendance
S.B. 1597
Details fine amount and community service obligations for parents who refuse to comply with the state's compulsory education laws.

COSigned into law 05/2006P-12Compulsory Attendance Age and Hour Requirements
S.B. 73
Concerns the age specifications relating to compulsory school attendance. Every child who has attained the age of seven years and is under the age of seventeen years (changed from 16), except as provided by this section, must attend public school for at least ...

FLSigned into law 05/2006P-12Requirements for Students Leaving School at Age 16
H.B. 7087 (Section 18)
If a student decides to leave school at age 16, several procedures must be followed. This bill adds the following requirements:
The student's guidance counselor or other school personnel must conduct an exit interview with the student to determine the

GASigned into law 05/2006P-12Dropout Prevention
S.B. 413 Section 1 and 2
Changes certain provisions relating to mandatory education for children between ages six and 16; provides that an unemancipated minor older than the age of mandatory attendance may not withdraw from enrollment in school without the permission of his or her par...

MDSigned into law 05/2006P-12Compulsory Attendance Task Force
H.B. 36; SB 741
Establishes a Task Force to Study Raising the Compulsory Public School Attendance Age to 18; requires the Task Force to evaluate and make recommendations regarding certain issues by a certain date and to submit a report to the Governor and the General Assembly...

MDVetoed 05/2006P-12Compulsory Attendance in Baltimore
S.B. 741
Increases the age range for compulsory public school attendance in Baltimore City to between the ages of 5 years old and 18 years old; requires persons with legal custody or care and control of children who reside in Baltimore City and who are between the ages...

TNSigned into law 05/2006P-12Compulsory Attendance for Blind Students
S.B. 3917
Concerns Education; revises the age of children to whom the compulsory school attendance requirements for blind children apply from between seven and 16 years of age to between six and 17 years of age.

VTSigned into law 05/2006P-12Increasing Compulsory Education Age
H.B. 867 - Section 20 (h)
Directs the commissioner of education to gather information to facilitate discussion during the next legislative session about increasing the compulsory education age to 18, and to present the data to the senate and house committees on education during January...

WVRule Adoption 04/2006P-12Attendance
Title 126, Series 81
Amends rules regarding half-day attendance and specific ages for compulsory school attendance. Identifies the specific number of days in which a parent, guardian or custodian of children with excessive unexcused absences must attend a school-based conference, ...

WVSigned into law 03/2006P-12Penalties for Compulsory Attendance Violations
S.B. 631
Clarifies the summons or warrant and complaint process when a parent, custodian or guardian fails to comply with compulsory attendance laws and a magistrate finds probable cause to believe that a parent, custodian or guardian has committed the offense. Allows ...

NV(H) APPROVED BY THE GOVERNOR. CHAPTER 151. 05/2005P-12Authorizes school districts to prescribe minimum attendance requirements for pupils in kindergarten and first grade and for pupils in certain remedial programs.
H.B. 518
AN ACT relating to education; authorizing the boards of trustees of school districts to apply to the Superintendent of Public Instruction for additional days or minutes of instruction for certain programs of remedial education; authorizing the board of trustee...

ILSigned into law 01/2005P-12School Code
H.B. 757
Amends the Children with Disabilities Article of the School Code to allow a child with a disability who has completed four years of high school to participate in the graduation ceremony and receive a certificate of completion under specified circumstances. Fur...

CASigned into law 09/2004P-12Compulsory Attendance Laws
A.B. 2525 (multiple provisions)
Extends authorization to January 1, 2006 for a court to order a person who is convicted for failing to comply with compulsory attendance laws to immediately enroll the child in the appropriate school or educational program and provide proof of enrollment to th...

NYSigned into law 07/2004P-12Minor Age Increase For Non School Attendance
A.B. 1892
Provides that each school district shall have the power to require minors from sixteen to seventeen years of age to attend upon full time day instruction.

ARRule Adoption 06/2004P-12Mandatory Attendance Requirements for Grades 9 - 12
ADE 169
Establishes rules regarding mandatory attendance requirements for grades 9 - 12.

KSSigned into law 05/2004P-12
Compulsory Attendance Exemption for Concurrently Enrolled Students
H.B. 2795 (multiple provisions)
Section 1: Allows student age 16 or 17 to be exempt from compulsory attendance requirements if student is regularly enrolled in a school and is concurrently enrolled in a postsecondary educational institution. Makes provisions applicable to children from and ...

KYSigned into law 04/2004P-12Children With Disabilities
H.B. 10
Provides that an exemption from compulsory attendance student may be granted to 1) a child certified by specified professionals to have a chronic physical condition that prevents or renders inadvisable attendance at school, and which is unlikely to improve sub...

VASigned into law 04/2004P-12School Attendance Enforcement
H.B. 1326
Strengthens the mechanisms for enforcement of the compulsory school attendance law; removes the restriction on the court's use of contempt power in enforcing compulsory school attendance and parental responsibility provisions; clarifies and reinforces the cour...

RISigned into law 07/2003P-12Compulsory Schooling Ages
S.B. 594
Provides that a child, who has or will have completed six (6) years of life by September 1, rather than December 1, of any school year, and has not completed sixteen (16) years of life, must regularly attend school....

LASigned into law 07/2001P-12Compulsory Attendance Until Age 18
H.B. 19
, Requires with certain exceptions, persons having control of a child to send such child to school from the child's seventh birthday until his eighteenth birthday rather than his seventeenth birthday....

CASigned into law 09/2000P-12Mandatory Student Attendance
S.B. 1913
Authorizes, until 01/01/05, a court to order a person who is convicted for failing to comply with the attendance laws, as specified, to immediately enroll the child in the appropriate school or educational program and provide proof of enrollment to the court. ...

CTSigned into law 05/2000P-12Compulsory Attendance - Age 18
H.B. 5276
Starting July 1, 2001, this act requires students to stay in school until age 18, instead of age 16, unless their parents consent to their leaving school before they turn 18 or graduate. The parent must appear at the school district office to sign a form with...

GASigned into law 03/2000P-12Omnibus Bill - Compulsory Attendance
H.B. 1187
The compulsory attendance age is lowered from seven to six. ...

+ Attendance--Statutory Ages (Upper and Lower)
+ Attendance--Truancy/Chronic Absence
+ Background Checks
+ Brain Research
+ Business Involvement
+ Career/Technical Education
+ Career/Technical Education--Career Academies/Apprenticeship
+ Cheating
+ Choice of Schools
+ Choice of Schools--Charter Schools
+ Choice of Schools--Charter Schools--Charter Districts
+ Choice of Schools--Charter Schools--Closings
+ Choice of Schools--Charter Schools--Cyber Charters
+ Choice of Schools--Charter Schools--Finance
+ Choice of Schools--Charter Schools--Research
+ Choice of Schools--Choice/Open Enrollment
+ Choice of Schools--Innovation Schools
+ Choice of Schools--Magnet or Specialized Schools
+ Choice of Schools--Tax Credits
+ Choice of Schools--Vouchers
+ Choice of Schools--Vouchers--Privately Funded
+ Civic Education
+ Civic Education--Character Education
+ Civic Education--Civic Knowledge and Literacy
+ Civic Education--Curriculum/Standards
+ Civic Education--Pledge of Allegiance
+ Class Size
+ Common Core State Standards and Assessments
+ Competency-Based Education (K-12)
+ Counseling/Guidance
+ Curriculum
+ Curriculum--Alignment
+ Curriculum--Arts Education
+ Curriculum--Censorship
+ Curriculum--Computer Science
+ Curriculum--Core Curriculum
+ Curriculum--Drivers Education
+ Curriculum--Environmental Education
+ Curriculum--Excusal
+ Curriculum--Family Living Education
+ Curriculum--Financial Literacy/Economics Ed.
+ Curriculum--Foreign Language/Sign Language
+ Curriculum--Geography Education
+ Curriculum--Health and Nutrition Education
+ Curriculum--Home Economics
+ Curriculum--International Education
+ Curriculum--Language Arts
+ Curriculum--Language Arts--Writing/Spelling
+ Curriculum--Mathematics
+ Curriculum--Multicultural
+ Curriculum--Physical Education
+ Curriculum--Science
+ Curriculum--Sex Education
+ Curriculum--Social Studies/History
+ Data-Driven Improvement
+ Demographics
+ Demographics--Condition of Children/Adults
+ Demographics--Enrollments
+ Desegregation
+ Economic/Workforce Development
+ Economic/Workforce Development--Value of an Education
+ Education Research
+ English Language Learner/Bilingual
+ Equity
+ Federal
+ Finance
+ Finance--Adequacy/Core Cost
+ Finance--Aid to Private Schools
+ Finance--Bonds
+ Finance--District
+ Finance--Does Money Matter?
+ Finance--Equity
+ Finance--Facilities
+ Finance--Federal
+ Finance--Funding Formulas
+ Finance--Litigation
+ Finance--Local Foundations/Funds
+ Finance--Lotteries
+ Finance--Performance Funding
+ Finance--Private Giving
+ Finance--Resource Efficiency
+ Finance--State Budgets/Expenditures
+ Finance--Student Fees
+ Finance--Taxes/Revenues
+ Finance--Taxes/Revenues--Alternative Revenues
+ Governance
+ Governance--Deregulation/Waivers/Home Rule
+ Governance--Ethics/Conflict of Interest
+ Governance--Federalism
+ Governance--Local/Mayoral Takeovers
+ Governance--Mandates
+ Governance--Regional Entities
+ Governance--School Boards
+ Governance--School Boards--Training
+ Governance--Site-Based Management
+ Governance--State Boards/Chiefs/Agencies
+ Health
+ Health--Child Abuse
+ Health--Mental Health
+ Health--Nutrition
+ Health--School Based Clinics or School Nurses
+ Health--Suicide Prevention
+ Health--Teen Pregnancy
+ High School
+ High School--Advanced Placement
+ High School--College Readiness
+ High School--Credit Recovery
+ High School--Dropout Rates/Graduation Rates
+ High School--Dual/Concurrent Enrollment
+ High School--Early Colleges/Middle Colleges
+ High School--Exit Exams
+ High School--GED (General Education Development)
+ High School--Graduation Requirements
+ Instructional Approaches
+ Instructional Approaches--Constructivism
+ Instructional Approaches--Grading Practices
+ Instructional Approaches--Homeschooling
+ Instructional Approaches--Homework/Study Skills
+ Instructional Approaches--Official English
+ Instructional Approaches--Problem Based Learning
+ Instructional Approaches--Single-Sex Education
+ Instructional Approaches--Teaching Across Disciplines
+ Instructional Approaches--Time/Time on Task
+ Instructional Approaches--Tracking/Ability Grouping
+ Integrated Services/Full-Service Schools
+ International Baccalaureate
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+ Leadership
+ Leadership--District Superintendent
+ Leadership--District Superintendent--Compensation and Diversified Pay
+ Leadership--Principal/School Leadership
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+ Leadership--Principal/School Leadership--Compensation and Diversified Pay
+ Leadership--Principal/School Leadership--Evaluation and Effectiveness
+ Leadership--Principal/School Leadership--Induction Programs and Mentoring
+ Leadership--Principal/School Leadership--Preparation
+ Leadership--Principal/School Leadership--Preparation--Alternative
+ Leadership--Principal/School Leadership--Professional Development
+ Leadership--Principal/School Leadership--Recruitment and Retention
+ Leadership--Principal/School Leadership--Tenure
+ Mentoring/Tutoring
+ Middle School
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+ No Child Left Behind--Assessment
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+ No Child Left Behind--Consequences for Schools
+ No Child Left Behind--Finance
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+ P-16 or P-20
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+ Postsecondary Finance
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+ Postsecondary Institutions
+ Postsecondary Institutions--Community/Technical Colleges
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+ Postsecondary Participation--Admissions/Coursework Requirements
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+ Postsecondary Students
+ Postsecondary Students--Adults
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+ Postsecondary Students--Foster Youth
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+ Postsecondary Success--Retention/Persistence
+ Private Schools
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+ Promising Practices
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+ Reading/Literacy
+ Reading/Literacy--Adult Literacy
+ Religion
+ Religion--Prayer/Meditation
+ Religion--Scientific Creationism (Evolution)
+ Remediation (K-12)
+ Rural
+ Scheduling/School Calendar
+ Scheduling/School Calendar--Day/Class Length
+ Scheduling/School Calendar--Extended Day Programs
+ Scheduling/School Calendar--Summer School
+ Scheduling/School Calendar--Week
+ Scheduling/School Calendar--Year
+ Scheduling/School Calendar--Year Round
+ School Climate/Culture
+ School Safety
+ School Safety--Bullying Prevention/Conflict Resolution
+ School Safety--Corporal Punishment
+ School Safety--Discipline/Code of Conduct
+ School Safety--Emergency Preparedness
+ School Safety--Expulsion/Suspension
+ School Safety--No Child Left Behind--Safe Schools
+ School Safety--Sexual Harassment and Assault
+ School Safety--Special Education
+ School Safety--Uniforms/Dress Codes
+ School/District Structure/Operations
+ School/District Structure/Operations--District Consolidation/Deconsolidation
+ School/District Structure/Operations--District Size
+ School/District Structure/Operations--Facilities
+ School/District Structure/Operations--Food Service
+ School/District Structure/Operations--Libraries
+ School/District Structure/Operations--Org. (K-3/K-8 etc.)
+ School/District Structure/Operations--Personnel (Non-Teaching)
+ School/District Structure/Operations--School Size
+ School/District Structure/Operations--Shared Services
+ School/District Structure/Operations--Staffing Ratios
+ School/District Structure/Operations--Transportation
+ Service-Learning
+ Social/Emotional Learning and Non-Cognitive Skills
+ Special Education
+ Special Education--Federal Law/Regulations
+ Special Education--Finance
+ Special Education--Inclusion (Mainstreaming)
+ Special Education--Placement
+ Special Education--Transition
+ Special Populations
+ Special Populations--Corrections Education
+ Special Populations--Foster Care
+ Special Populations--Gifted and Talented
+ Special Populations--Homeless Education
+ Special Populations--Immigrant Education
+ Special Populations--Migrant Education
+ Special Populations--Military
+ Standards
+ Standards--Implementation
+ State Comparisons/Statistics
+ State Longitudinal Data Systems
+ State Policymaking
+ State Policymaking--Ballot Questions
+ State Policymaking--Constitutional Clauses
+ State Policymaking--Task Forces/Commissions
+ Student Achievement
+ Student Achievement--Closing the Achievement Gap
+ Student Surveys
+ Students
+ Students--Employment
+ Students--Incentives
+ Students--K-12 Exchange Students
+ Students--Mobility
+ Students--Records/Rights
+ Teaching Quality
+ Teaching Quality--Certification and Licensure
+ Teaching Quality--Certification and Licensure--Alternative
+ Teaching Quality--Certification and Licensure--Assessment
+ Teaching Quality--Certification and Licensure--Assignment
+ Teaching Quality--Certification and Licensure--Highly Qualified Teachers
+ Teaching Quality--Certification and Licensure--Natl. Bd. for Prof. Teach. Stds.
+ Teaching Quality--Certification and Licensure--Special Education
+ Teaching Quality--Certification and Licensure--State Prof. Standards Bds.
+ Teaching Quality--Certification and Licensure--Substitute Teachers
+ Teaching Quality--Compensation and Diversified Pay
+ Teaching Quality--Compensation and Diversified Pay--Pay-for-Performance
+ Teaching Quality--Compensation and Diversified Pay--Retirement/Benefits
+ Teaching Quality--Evaluation and Effectiveness
+ Teaching Quality--Induction Programs and Mentoring
+ Teaching Quality--Paraprofessionals
+ Teaching Quality--Preparation
+ Teaching Quality--Professional Development
+ Teaching Quality--Recruitment and Retention
+ Teaching Quality--Recruitment and Retention--At-Risk Schools
+ Teaching Quality--Recruitment and Retention--High-Needs Subjects
+ Teaching Quality--Reduction in Force
+ Teaching Quality--Teacher Attitudes
+ Teaching Quality--Teacher Contracts (Not Tenure)
+ Teaching Quality--Teacher Rights
+ Teaching Quality--Tenure or Continuing Contract
+ Teaching Quality--Unions/Collective Bargaining
+ Teaching Quality--Unions/Collective Bargaining--Strikes
+ Teaching Quality--Working Conditions
+ Technology
+ Technology--Devices/Software/Hardware
+ Technology--Equitable Access
+ Technology--Funding Issues
+ Technology--Internet Safety
+ Technology--Research/Evaluation
+ Technology--Teacher/Faculty Training
+ Textbooks and Open Source
+ Urban
+ Urban--Change/Improvements
+ Urban--Governance
+ Whole-School Reform Models
+ Youth Engagement