From the ECS State Policy Database

Education Commission of the States • 700 Broadway, Suite 810 • Denver, CO 80203-3442 • 303.299.3600 • fax 303.296.8332 •

The following summary includes policies ECS has tracked in this database since 1994. This database is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States (ECS). Most entries are legislative, although rules/regulations and executive orders that make substantive changes are included. Every effort is made to collect the latest available version of policies; in some instances, recent changes might not be reflected. For expediency purposes minimal attention has been paid to style (capitalization, punctuation) and format. To view the documents, click on the blue triangle next to the topic of interest.

Please cite use of the database as: Education Commission of the States (ECS) State Policy Database, retrieved [date].

State Status/Date Level Summary
+ 21st Century Skills
+ Accountability
+ Accountability--Accreditation
+ Accountability--Measures/Indicators
+ Accountability--Reporting Results
+ Accountability--Rewards
+ Accountability--Sanctions/Interventions
+ Accountability--Sanctions/Interventions--Learnfare
+ Accountability--Sanctions/Interventions--No Pass No Drive
+ Accountability--Sanctions/Interventions--No Pass No Play
+ Accountability--Sanctions/Interventions--Takeovers
+ Accountability--School Improvement
+ Adult Basic Education
+ Assessment
+ Assessment--Accommodations
+ Assessment--Backlash
+ Assessment--College Entrance Exams
+ Assessment--Computer Based
+ Assessment--End-of-Course
+ Assessment--Formative/Interim
+ Assessment--NAEP (NAEP Results and NAEP Organization)
+ Assessment--Performance Based/Portfolio
+ Assessment--Value Added
+ At-Risk (incl. Dropout Prevention)
+ At-Risk (incl. Dropout Prevention)--Alternative Education
+ At-Risk (incl. Dropout Prevention)--Drugs/Alcohol
+ Athletics/Extracurricular Activities
+ Attendance
+ Attendance--Compulsory
+ Attendance--Statutory Ages (Upper and Lower)
- Attendance--Truancy/Chronic Absence
PAAdopted 10/2014P-12Study of Truancy and Dropout Prevention
H.R. 1032
Directs the Joint State Government Commission to study, in consultation with an advisory committee, the issue of truancy and school dropout prevention in the Commonwealth.

CASigned into law 09/2014P-12School Attendance Review Boards
A.B. 1643
From bill summary: Authorizes a county school attendance review board to accept referrals or requests for hearing services from one or more school districts within its jurisdiction. Authorizes a county school attendance review board to be operated through a co...

CAVetoed 09/2014P-12Local School Attendance Review Boards
A.B. 1672
From bill summary: Requires the governing board of each school district that has established a local school attendance review board to adopt rules and regulations to require appropriate officers and employees of the school district to gather that information f...

CAVetoed 09/2014P-12Pupil Attendance Data
A.B. 1866
From bill summary: Subject to available state, federal, or private funding, requires the department of education to enhance the pupil attendance data system within the California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System. Requires the periodic reports to loca...

CASigned into law 09/2014P-12Truancy
A.B. 2141
From bill summary: Requires a state or local agency conducting a truancy-related mediation or prosecuting a pupil or a pupil's parent or legal guardian pursuant to truancy provisions, among others, to
provide the school district, school attendance review board...

DCSigned into law 05/2014P-12Attendance Accountability Amendment Act of 2013
L.B. 72
Amends the Act to provide for the taking of a school census in the District of Columbia, and for other purposes to establish truancy procedures with inter-agency coordination, and to require the Office of the Attorney General to submit an annual truancy status...

FLSigned into law 05/2014P-12Filing a Truancy Petition
H.B. 7031 - Filing a Truancy Petition
Section 7: Authorizes a superintendent's designee to file a truancy petition. Page 13 of 133:

UTSigned into law 04/2014P-12Exception to Issuing Habitual Truant Citation
H.B. 399
Provides a habitual truant citation may not be issued to a habitual truant who is at least 16 years old and has at least a 3.5 cumulative grade point average.

WVSigned into law 03/2014P-12Transformative System of Support for Early Literacy
H.B. 4618
To ensure that all students read proficiently by the end of third grade, a statewide comprehensive approach to early literacy is required. Requires focus on supports during the early learning years which include schools and engaged communities mobilized to rem...

DCSigned into law 07/2013P-12Attendance Accountability Amendment Act of 2013
L.B. 72
Establishes truancy procedures with inter-agency coordination, and requires the Office of the Attorney General to submit an annual truancy status report. Requires that a truancy prevention resource guide be available by August 1, 2013; requires the Office of t...

NVSigned into law 06/2013P-12Driving Privileges
S.B. 269
Requires the principal of a public school or his/her designee to provide certain pupils with a written statement verifying that the pupil has complied with certain attendance requirements. Authorizes a school police officer or certain other persons to impose a...

TXSigned into law 06/2013P-12Attendance and Student Final Grade
H.B. 5 - Attendance and Student Final Grade
Provides that any student in grades K-12 may not receive a final grade for a class unless the student is in attendance for at least 90% of the days the class is offered. Permits a student who attends 75% but less than 90% of class days to receive a final grade...

COSigned into law 05/2013P-12Improving School Attendance
H.B. 1021
Encourages each school district to establish attendance procedures for identifying chronically absent students, and to implement best practices and research-based strategies to improve the attendance of chronically absent students. Permits local attendance pol...

DESigned into law 05/2013P-12Earlier Truancy Intervention
H.B. 24
Implements recommendations from the Truancy Task Force by changing provisions of the Delaware Code regarding compulsory attendance and when a truancy case must be brought to the Truancy Court. Specifically, school attendance requirements apply to enrolled stud...

ILPassed 05/2013P-12Truancy in Chicago Public Schools Task Force
H.J.R. 1
Creates the Truancy in Chicago Public Schools Task Force. Establishes membership. Directs the task force to examine issues and make recommendations related to current state board and City of Chicago School District 299 policies regarding truancy and excessive ...

INSigned into law 05/2013P-12Absenteeism
S.B. 338
Requires the department of education to provide resources and guidance to school corporations concerning evidence-based practices and effective strategies to reduce absenteeism. Makes changes to the definition of: (1) chronic absenteeism; and (2) habitual trua...

MDSigned into law 05/2013P-12Truancy
H.B. 207
Requires each local board of education to develop a system of active intervention for any K-12 student who is chronically absent from school, defined by being unlawfully absent more than 8 school days in any quarter, 15 days in any semester, or 20 days in a sc...

MSSigned into law 04/2013P-12School Attendance and Absenteeism
H.B. 1530
Amends existing law that a compulsory-school-age child who is absent more than 37% of the instructional day must be considered absent for the entire day. ...

MTSigned into law 04/2013P-12Revises Truancy Laws
H.B. 313
Revise school truancy laws. Defines "truant" or "truancy" as the persistent nonattendance without excuse, as defined by district policy, for all or any part of a school day equivalent to the length of one class period of a child required to attend a school. If...

CASigned into law 09/2012P-12Truancy
A.B. 2616
From bill summary: Identifies specific reasons that constitute a valid excuse for which a pupil may be absent from school for purposes of being classified as a truant. Revises certain penalties resulting from the issuance of specified truancy reports, and spec...

MASigned into law 08/2012P-12Student Access to Educational Services and Exclusion from School
H.B. 4332
Requires districts to continue to provide educational services to students who have been suspended or expelled. Requires principals to ensure that students who are suspended from school for 10 or fewer consecutive days, whether in or out of school, shall have ...

GASigned into law 05/2012P-12Attendance Records, Unexcused Absences
H.B. 39
Requires that declarations of intent and attendance records for home study programs be submitted to the department of education rather than local school superintendents; authorizes department to provide for electronic submittal of such records. Provides that n...

ILAdopted 05/2012P-12School Success Task Force Extended
H.J.R. 67
Extends the School Success Task Force established during the 96th General Assembly and adds a member to the Task Force representing City of Chicago School District 299. Directs the School Success Task Force to submit a report before December 31, 2012. http://w...

RISigned into law 05/2012P-12Truancy Cannot Result in Out-of-School Suspension
H.B. 7287 and S.B. 2542
Prohibits schools from considering a students truancy or absenteeism as a basis for using an out-of-school suspension as a disciplinary action.

GASigned into law 04/2012P-12Administration and Enforcement of Compulsory Attendance Laws
H.B. 706 - Administration and Enforcement of Compulsory Attendance Laws
Clarifies that responsibility for administration and enforcement of compulsory attendance laws is the duty of the state department of education as well as local systems (previous legislation referred only to duty of local systems). Places responsibility for r...

VAVetoed 04/2012P-12Regulations to Address Truancy
H.B. 886
Requires the Board of Education to promulgate regulations by July 1, 2013, to address truancy. In promulgating these regulations, the Board shall address the following: (i) provisions for early intervention at the school level for repeated unexcused absences; ...

SDSigned into law 02/2012P-12Attendance of Children Receiving Alternative Instruction.
H.B. 1005
Revises certain provisions regarding the excuse from attendance of children receiving alternative instruction.

ILAdopted 05/2011P-12School Success Task Force
H.J.R. 7
Extends the School Success Task Force established during the 96th General Assembly. Directs the task force to submit a report by December 31, 2011.

TXSigned into law 05/2011P-12Adjudication of Cases Regarding Failure to Attend School and Parent Contributing to Nonattendance
H.B. 734
From fiscal note: Generally, the criminal offenses of failure to attend school and parent contributing to nonattendance are adjudicated in justice and municipal courts. However, under current law, in counties with
populations of 2 million or more (Harris and D...

COSigned into law 03/2011P-12Truancy Policies
H.B. 1053
Encourages school districts and courts to consider detention and incarceration as a last resort approach for addressing the problem of student truancy.

CASigned into law 10/2010P-12Truants
A.B. 1610 - Truants
Requires initial parental notification of child's status as truant to be made using the most cost-effective method possible, including e-mail or telephone. (Previous legislation required this notification to be made by first-class mail.)

Defines "conscientiou...

CASigned into law 09/2010P-12Chronic Truant
S.B. 1317
From bill summary: Defines a chronic truant as any pupil absent from school without a valid excuse for 10% or more of the school days in one school year, from the date of enrollment to the current date, provided that the appropriate school district officer or ...

GAVetoed 06/2010P-12Compulsory School Attendance
S.B. 239 - Section 2
Requires a parent whose child is of compulsory school age and who becomes a new resident of a local school system to enroll his/her child in a public or private school within 15 days of such new residency (or by the start date of school if such new residency o...

LASigned into law 06/2010P-12Student Attendance Policies
S.B. 309
Revises compulsory school attendance, and habitual student absence or tardiness policies.

NHSigned into law 05/2010P-12Truancy
H.B. 154
Makes various changes to the laws on truancy; provides for excused absences, parental responsibility and petitions for children in need of services.

IDSigned into law 04/2010P-12Truancy
H.B. 545
Amends existing law relating to education to revise the definition of "habitual truant," to provide for a certain designee and to provide that a child who is an habitual truant shall come under the purview of the Juvenile Corrections Act if he or she was withi...

VASigned into law 03/2010P-12Parental Notification of Nonattendance
S.B. 196
Clarifies that, in addition to the attendance officer, school personnel, and volunteers, the school principal or his designee is responsible for notifying parents concerning students' nonattendance at school; provides that the school principal or his designee ...

ILSigned into law 08/2009P-12Truancy Reporting
S.B. 1977 - Truancy Reporting
Existing language requires reporting of truancy data only in Chicago. Amendment requires all regional superintendents, district superintendents and special education joint agreement directors to collect data on truants, chronic truants and truant minor student...

NDSigned into law 08/2009P-12Student Absences
S.B. 2217
Requires teachers to notify administrators when a student is absent without an excuse. Requires administrators to investigate the absence. Provides for penalities. Unless the responsible party (parent, guardian) has made substantial and reasonable attempts to ...

LASigned into law 06/2009P-12Truancy and Tardiness Policies
H.B. 731
Spells out policies for habitual absence and tardiness of students, including penalties for violations by parents and legal guardians or custodians of such students. Addresses the crime of improper supervision of a minor as it relates to habitually absent or t...

MDSigned into law 04/2009P-12Suspension/Expulsion -- not for Attendance Offenses only
H.B. 660; S.B. 241
Prohibits a principal from suspending or expelling a student from school solely for attendance-related offenses.

NMSigned into law 04/2009P-12Compulsory Attendance and Unexcused Absenses
S.B. 189
Changes terms and notice provisions of compulsory attendance policies; clarifies how unexcused absences are determined; requires reports.

WASigned into law 04/2009P-12Truancy
S.B. 5881
Changes provisions involving truancy; related to a requirement that a school inform a child's parent if the child fails to attend school; provides for notification in the language in which the child's parent is fluent; declares the intent of the legislation to...

COAdopted 01/2009P-12Attendance and Truancy Data
1 CCR 301-78
Provides specificity for consistency in reporting attendance and truancy data across school districts and BOCES. Allows the usage these indicators to leverage resources to support the complete success of children and youth in school.

ILSigned into law 12/2008P-12Truancy
S.B. 2743
Amends the Illinois Municipal Code. Provides that if a code violation involves a municipal ordinance regulating truants, the hearing date must be 7 to 40 days after the violation is reported. Increases minimum child age for which certain truancy provisions app...

CAVetoed 09/2008P-12truancy
S.B. 29
Requires a public school, school district, and county office of education that issues a device that uses radio frequency identification for the purpose of recording attendance or establishing or tracking the location of a pupil to notify and obtain written con...

LASigned into law 07/2008P-12Habitual Truancy and Habitual Tardiness
H.B. 1133
Revises provisions related to habitual truancy and habitual tardiness. Requires a student's parent to enforce the student's attendance at the school to which the student is assigned. Requires a school principal or designee to provide a parent with written noti...

NHSigned into law 06/2008P-12Committee to Study Truancy Laws
H.B. 1161
Establishes a committee to study the truancy laws; provides for membership and compensation, duties, chairperson and quorum, and report of findings and any recommendations for proposed legislation to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the President o...

COSigned into law 04/2008P-12Student Truancy and Attendance Reporting
H.B. 1336
Requires the State Board of Education to adopt guidelines for the standardized calculation of unexcused absences of students; requires a school district to report annually to the department concerning the number of students who are habitually truant; requires ...

KYSigned into law 04/2008P-12Status Offenders
H.B. 384
Defines "nonoffender" as a child alleged to be dependent, neglected, or abused and who has not been otherwise charged with a status or public offense. Specifies that "status offenses" by a minor include beyond the control of the school or parents, habitual tru...

MDSigned into law 04/2008P-12Response to High Truancy Rates
H.B. 285; S.B.96
Requires a county board of education to require elementary schools with certain truancy rates to implement a positive behavioral interventions and support program or certain behavior modification programs in collaboration with the State Department of Education...

MSSigned into law 03/2008P-12Reporting of Absences Due to Detainment
H.B. 348
Relates to youth detained in juvenile detention centers; requires Youth Detention Staff to notify School Districts if a detained child misses one or more days from school due to such child's detainment.

WASigned into law 03/2008P-12Truancy Fines
S.B. 6398
Courts must remit fifty percent of the fines collected in truancy court judgements against parents (who allow their children to skip school unexcused) to the child's school district.

UTAdopted 10/2007P-12Truancy Prevention
Adopts rules in compliance with 2007 H.B. 207. Amends definition of "habitual truant." Requires local boards and charter school boards to develop a truancy policy that encourages regular, punctual attendance of students, and to review the policy annually. Requ...

CASigned into law 07/2007P-12Funding state mandates
A.B. 1698
Requires the Commission on State Mandates to amend the parameters and guidelines regarding the notification of truancy mandate program and definition of a truant and the elements included in the initial truancy notifications to conform to existing law. Provide...

LASigned into law 06/2007P-12Truancy and Assessment and Service Centers
S.B. 187
Gives permanent status to truancy and assessment and service centers (which were initially established through a pilot program). Deletes language directing the Families in Need of Services program to serve in a coordinating and facilitating capacity for the ce...

MESigned into law 06/2007P-12Student Truancy Policy
H.B. 353
Strengthens the truancy laws by making it a Class E crime for parents who fail to take corrective measures for truant children from kindergarten to grade 6.

DESigned into law 05/2007P-12Enhanced Truancy Court Activities
S.B. 26
Provides for enhanced Truancy Court activities in the Justice of the Peace Court. Eliminates the need to transfer a case of contempt by a juvenile to the Family Court for adjudication when that contempt has arisen in relation to a refusal to obey an order of t...

NVSigned into law 05/2007P-12Pupil Truancy
A.B. 485
Require a report of pupils who drop out of school in grade 8 to be included in the reports of accountability prepared by the State Board of Education and the boards of trustees of school districts. Requires the board of trustees of a school district located in...

KYSigned into law 04/2007P-12Student Record Transfer
H.B. 145
Provides that for purposes of establishing a student's status as a truant, the student's attendance record is cumulative for an entire school year. Directs the state department of education to assure that the student information system facilitates the collecti...

UTSigned into law 03/2007P-12School Truancy & Compulsory Education Updates
H.B. 207
Directs a local school board, local charter board, or school district to preapprove an extended absence of a school-age minor if it is determined that the absence will not adversely impact the school-age minor's education; describes compulsory education requir...

ILSigned into law 07/2006P-12Chronic Truants
S.B. 2197
Provides that counties and municipalities may adopt ordinances to regulate truants within their jurisdiction and may impose a graduated fine schedule for repeat violations, or community service, or both. Provides that if the violator is under 10 years of age, ...

MOTo Governor 06/2006P-1215 or More Absences
S.B. 894
In any city not within a county where a student accumulates 15 or more absences during any one school year, the child's school district must report absences to the division of family services, children's division, within 10 business days of the 15 day of absen...

KYSigned into law 04/2006P-12Truancy
H.B. 479
Relates to pupil attendance policies; permits an assistant to the director of pupil personnel to perform the required duties of the director of pupil personnel; requires that the school be notified of the home conditions of habitual truants rather than all stu...

LAAdopted 02/2006P-12Truancy Assessment and Service Centers
LAC 67:III.5539
Authorizes the Office of Family Support to enter into Memoranda of Understanding or contracts to establish Truancy Assessment and Service Centers designed to identify, assess, and intervene to ensure that children in kindergarten through sixth grade attend sch...

LAEmergency Rule Adoption 10/2005P-12Truancy Assessment and Service Centers
LAC 67:III.5539
Re-establishes Truancy Assessment and Service Centers to identify, assess and intervene to ensure K-6 students attend school regularly. While established under TANF provisions, rules specify that eligibility for services is not limited to needy families. http:...

NCSigned into law 08/2005P-12Increased penalty for truancy
H.B. 779
AN ACT to increase the penalty for aiding and abetting a student's unlawful absence from school. Any person who aids or abets a student's unlawful absence from the School shall, upon conviction, be guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.

DESigned into law 07/2005P-12Parent Responsibility for Truant Children
H.B. 109
Amends 2728 and 2729 of Title 14 to clarify that when both parents are listed on a student's school records and both parents are Delaware residents, they each are responsible for their child's school attendance. Reflects the view of the Truancy Task Force that...

NHSigned into law 05/2005P-12Truancy Defined
H.B. 150
Truancy Defined.
I. For the purposes of this subdivision, "truancy" means an unexcused absence from school or class and "unexcused absence" is an absence without parental or administrative permission.
II. Twenty half days of unexcused absence during a school...

IDSigned into law 03/2005P-12Habitual Truant
S.B. 1066
Revises the definition of a "habitual truant." Revises the provisions applicable to proceedings against parents and guardians whose children are habitual truants. Allows proceedings to be brought against any parent of a habitual truant who is found to have kno...

KYSigned into law 03/2005P-12Habitual Truancy
H.B. 72
Establishes that any student enrolled in a public school who is over 18 but not 21 years of age and who has been absent from school without valid excuse for three or more days, or tardy without valid excuse on three or more days, is a truant. Reduces from thre...

NJTo governor 12/2004P-12School Time Curfew Ordinances
S.B. 155
Permits municipalities to adopt school-time curfew ordinances for juveniles....

OHRule Adoption 10/2004P-12Education Program for Parents of Truant Students
OAC 3301-47-01
Amends rules relating to the establishment of an education program for parents of truant students. OHIO REG 11546 (SN)...

CASigned into law 09/2004P-12Compulsory Attendance Laws
A.B. 2525 (multiple provisions)
Extends authorization to January 1, 2006 for a court to order a person who is convicted for failing to comply with compulsory attendance laws to immediately enroll the child in the appropriate school or educational program and provide proof of enrollment to th...

ILSigned into law 08/2004P-12Compulsory School Age; Alternative Education
S.B. 2918
Increases the compulsory school age from 16 to 17 years of age, with exceptions. Provides that certain provisions that apply to truant officers apply to the regional superintendent of schools or his designee in a school district that does not have a truant off...

LASigned into law 06/2004P-12Juvenile Service Center Truancy and Assessment
H.B. 1527
Authorizes any parish in the state, not just pre-existing pilot program parishes, to create truancy and assessment and service centers. Louisiana State University's office of social services research and development to develop and implement a monitoring and ev...

VASigned into law 04/2004P-12School Attendance Enforcement
H.B. 1326
Strengthens the mechanisms for enforcement of the compulsory school attendance law; removes the restriction on the court's use of contempt power in enforcing compulsory school attendance and parental responsibility provisions; clarifies and reinforces the cour...

INSigned into law 03/2004P-12Reporting Student Absenteeism
H.B. 1202
Requires a school corporation or an accredited nonpublic school to report to the local health department the percentage of student absences above a threshold determined by the department rule.

WISigned into law 11/2003P-12Dispositional Orders for Truancy
A.B. 62
Provides for the specifications for school attendance of a dispositional order for truant or habitual truant and the disclosure of juvenile court records by a juvenile court or a municipal court for children of certain age groups....

DESigned into law 07/2003P-12Truancy
H.B. 186
Relates to truancy; permits local school districts and charter schools to define what constitutes a valid excuse from attending school and to excuse students with a valid excuse from attending school; requires that persons acting as caregivers must ensure that...

VASigned into law 03/2003P-12Truancy Court
H.B. 1559
Allows a juvenile who is found to be in need of services or in need of supervision for failure to comply with the compulsory school attendance requirements to be deferred for a period of 120 days and admitted to a truancy program approved by the court; provide...

DESigned into law 06/2002P-12Truancy Charges Against Parents and Students
H.B. 380
Permits civil charges to be brought against a student at the same time that criminal charges are brought against the parent, if the student is age 12 or over; amends both the truancy statute and the probation before judgment statute to permit the use of probat...

TNSigned into law 06/2002P-12Truancy Prevention
H.B. 2650
Relates to truancy; mukes state-wide present authorization limited to Shelby County for local education agency to enter into agreement with its local law enforcement agency to enforce compulsory attendance....

LASigned into law 04/2002P-12Truancy and Assessment and Service Centers
S.B. 32A
Adds a judicial district to the truancy and assessment and service center pilot program.

CASigned into law 01/2002P-12Omnibus Bill -- Truancy, Dropout Prevention Components
A.B. 804
Any minor who is required to be reported as a truant may be required to attend makeup
classes conducted on one day of a weekend and is subject to the following: (a) The first time a truancy report is required, the pupil may be personally given a written warni...

CASigned into law 09/2000P-12Mandatory Student Attendance
S.B. 1913
Authorizes, until 01/01/05, a court to order a person who is convicted for failing to comply with the attendance laws, as specified, to immediately enroll the child in the appropriate school or educational program and provide proof of enrollment to the court. ...

DESigned into law 06/2000P-12Increased Penalties for Truancy
H.B. 213
Increases the penalties for a violation of compulsory school attendance requirements by parents; gives jurisdiction over parental violations exclusively to the Justice of the Peace Court; gives a public school the authority to send a truant student to a Justic...

TNBecame law without governor's signature 06/2000P-12Tying Drivers License to Attendance
S.B. 3152
Requires State to deny drivers license or permit to student withdrawn from secondary school who has 5 or more unexcused absences while attending course leading to a GED certificate....

TNSigned into law 05/2000P-12Habitual Truancy
S.B. 2425
Establishes standard by which school pupils subject to mandatory attendance are found to be habitual truant or truant; authorizes law enforcement officers and school attendance officers to pick up and deliver truant to parent, guardian, school principal or tru...

CTDied 06/1997P-12Incentives
S.B. 111 Incentives for Welfare Benefits Recipients
Provides incentives for recipients of welfare benefits to keep their children in school....

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+ Health
+ Health--Child Abuse
+ Health--Mental Health
+ Health--Nutrition
+ Health--School Based Clinics or School Nurses
+ Health--Suicide Prevention
+ Health--Teen Pregnancy
+ High School
+ High School--Advanced Placement
+ High School--College Readiness
+ High School--Credit Recovery
+ High School--Dropout Rates/Graduation Rates
+ High School--Dual/Concurrent Enrollment
+ High School--Early Colleges/Middle Colleges
+ High School--Exit Exams
+ High School--GED (General Education Development)
+ High School--Graduation Requirements
+ Instructional Approaches
+ Instructional Approaches--Constructivism
+ Instructional Approaches--Grading Practices
+ Instructional Approaches--Homeschooling
+ Instructional Approaches--Homework/Study Skills
+ Instructional Approaches--Official English
+ Instructional Approaches--Problem Based Learning
+ Instructional Approaches--Single-Sex Education
+ Instructional Approaches--Teaching Across Disciplines
+ Instructional Approaches--Time/Time on Task
+ Instructional Approaches--Tracking/Ability Grouping
+ Integrated Services/Full-Service Schools
+ International Baccalaureate
+ International Benchmarking
+ Leadership
+ Leadership--District Superintendent
+ Leadership--District Superintendent--Compensation and Diversified Pay
+ Leadership--Principal/School Leadership
+ Leadership--Principal/School Leadership--Certification and Licensure
+ Leadership--Principal/School Leadership--Compensation and Diversified Pay
+ Leadership--Principal/School Leadership--Evaluation and Effectiveness
+ Leadership--Principal/School Leadership--Induction Programs and Mentoring
+ Leadership--Principal/School Leadership--Preparation
+ Leadership--Principal/School Leadership--Preparation--Alternative
+ Leadership--Principal/School Leadership--Professional Development
+ Leadership--Principal/School Leadership--Recruitment and Retention
+ Leadership--Principal/School Leadership--Tenure
+ Mentoring/Tutoring
+ Middle School
+ Minority/Diversity Issues
+ Minority/Diversity Issues--African American
+ Minority/Diversity Issues--American Indian / Alaska Native / Native Hawaiian
+ Minority/Diversity Issues--Hispanic
+ No Child Left Behind
+ No Child Left Behind--Adequate Yearly Progress
+ No Child Left Behind--Assessment
+ No Child Left Behind--Choice/Transfer
+ No Child Left Behind--Consequences for Schools
+ No Child Left Behind--Finance
+ No Child Left Behind--Parent Involvement
+ No Child Left Behind--Reauthorization Issues/Waivers
+ No Child Left Behind--Report Cards
+ No Child Left Behind--School Support
+ No Child Left Behind--Special Populations
+ No Child Left Behind--Supplemental Services
+ Online Learning--Digital/Blended Learning
+ Online Learning--Virtual Schools/Courses
+ P-16 or P-20
+ P-3
+ P-3 Brain Development
+ P-3 Child Care
+ P-3 Content Standards and Assessment
+ P-3 Data Systems
+ P-3 Early Intervention (0-3)
+ P-3 English Language Learners (ELL)
+ P-3 Ensuring Quality
+ P-3 Evaluation/Economic Benefits
+ P-3 Finance
+ P-3 Governance
+ P-3 Grades 1-3
+ P-3 Health and Mental Health
+ P-3 Kindergarten
+ P-3 Kindergarten--Full-Day Kindergarten
+ P-3 Parent Engagement
+ P-3 Preschool
+ P-3 Public/Private Partnerships
+ P-3 Special Ed./Inclusion
+ P-3 Teaching Quality/Professional Development
+ P-3 Technology
+ Parent/Family
+ Parent/Family--Parent Rights
+ Parent/Family--Research
+ Partnerships--University/School
+ Postsecondary
+ Postsecondary Academic Affairs--AP/IB/Dual Credit
+ Postsecondary Academic Affairs--Competency-Based/PLA
+ Postsecondary Academic Affairs--Developmental/Remediation/Placement
+ Postsecondary Academic Affairs--Transfer/Articulation
+ Postsecondary Accountability
+ Postsecondary Accountability--Accreditation
+ Postsecondary Accountability--Diploma Mills
+ Postsecondary Accountability--Student Learning
+ Postsecondary Affordability
+ Postsecondary Affordability--Financial Aid
+ Postsecondary Affordability--Textbooks
+ Postsecondary Affordability--Tuition/Fees
+ Postsecondary Affordability--Tuition/Fees--Prepd/College Savings Plans
+ Postsecondary Affordability--Tuition/Fees--Undocumented Immigrants
+ Postsecondary Campus Safety/Sexual Assault
+ Postsecondary Faculty
+ Postsecondary Faculty--Compensation
+ Postsecondary Faculty--Intellectual Property
+ Postsecondary Faculty--Teaching Assistants
+ Postsecondary Faculty--Tenure
+ Postsecondary Finance
+ Postsecondary Finance--Efficiencies
+ Postsecondary Finance--Facilities
+ Postsecondary Finance--Performance-Based Funding
+ Postsecondary Finance--Revenue and Expenditures
+ Postsecondary Governance and Structures
+ Postsecondary Governance and Structures--Administrative/Leadership Issues
+ Postsecondary Governance and Structures--Licensing/Program Review and Approval
+ Postsecondary Governance and Structures--Master Plans/State Plans
+ Postsecondary Governance and Structures--State Executives/State Agencies
+ Postsecondary Institutions
+ Postsecondary Institutions--Community/Technical Colleges
+ Postsecondary Institutions--For-Profit/Proprietary
+ Postsecondary Institutions--Four-Year Baccalaureate
+ Postsecondary Institutions--HBCUs/Minority-Serving Institutions
+ Postsecondary Institutions--Private/Independent
+ Postsecondary Online Instruction
+ Postsecondary Participation
+ Postsecondary Participation--Access/Outreach
+ Postsecondary Participation--Admissions/Coursework Requirements
+ Postsecondary Participation--Affirmative Action
+ Postsecondary Students
+ Postsecondary Students--Adults
+ Postsecondary Students--Disabilities/Special Needs
+ Postsecondary Students--Foster Youth
+ Postsecondary Students--Gender
+ Postsecondary Students--Graduate/Professional
+ Postsecondary Students--International
+ Postsecondary Students--Low-Income
+ Postsecondary Students--Military
+ Postsecondary Students--Minority
+ Postsecondary Success
+ Postsecondary Success--Completion
+ Postsecondary Success--Full-Time Incentives
+ Postsecondary Success--Retention/Persistence
+ Private Schools
+ Privatization
+ Privatization--Education Management Organizations (EMOs)
+ Promising Practices
+ Promotion/Retention
+ Public Involvement
+ Purposes of Public Education
+ Reading/Literacy
+ Reading/Literacy--Adult Literacy
+ Religion
+ Religion--Prayer/Meditation
+ Religion--Scientific Creationism (Evolution)
+ Remediation (K-12)
+ Rural
+ Scheduling/School Calendar
+ Scheduling/School Calendar--Day/Class Length
+ Scheduling/School Calendar--Extended Day Programs
+ Scheduling/School Calendar--Summer School
+ Scheduling/School Calendar--Week
+ Scheduling/School Calendar--Year
+ Scheduling/School Calendar--Year Round
+ School Climate/Culture
+ School Safety
+ School Safety--Bullying Prevention/Conflict Resolution
+ School Safety--Corporal Punishment
+ School Safety--Discipline/Code of Conduct
+ School Safety--Emergency Preparedness
+ School Safety--Expulsion/Suspension
+ School Safety--No Child Left Behind--Safe Schools
+ School Safety--Sexual Harassment and Assault
+ School Safety--Special Education
+ School Safety--Uniforms/Dress Codes
+ School/District Structure/Operations
+ School/District Structure/Operations--District Consolidation/Deconsolidation
+ School/District Structure/Operations--District Size
+ School/District Structure/Operations--Facilities
+ School/District Structure/Operations--Food Service
+ School/District Structure/Operations--Libraries
+ School/District Structure/Operations--Org. (K-3/K-8 etc.)
+ School/District Structure/Operations--Personnel (Non-Teaching)
+ School/District Structure/Operations--School Size
+ School/District Structure/Operations--Shared Services
+ School/District Structure/Operations--Staffing Ratios
+ School/District Structure/Operations--Transportation
+ Service-Learning
+ Social/Emotional Learning and Non-Cognitive Skills
+ Special Education
+ Special Education--Federal Law/Regulations
+ Special Education--Finance
+ Special Education--Inclusion (Mainstreaming)
+ Special Education--Placement
+ Special Education--Transition
+ Special Populations
+ Special Populations--Corrections Education
+ Special Populations--Foster Care
+ Special Populations--Gifted and Talented
+ Special Populations--Homeless Education
+ Special Populations--Immigrant Education
+ Special Populations--Migrant Education
+ Special Populations--Military
+ Standards
+ Standards--Implementation
+ State Comparisons/Statistics
+ State Longitudinal Data Systems
+ State Policymaking
+ State Policymaking--Ballot Questions
+ State Policymaking--Constitutional Clauses
+ State Policymaking--Task Forces/Commissions
+ Student Achievement
+ Student Achievement--Closing the Achievement Gap
+ Student Surveys
+ Students
+ Students--Employment
+ Students--Incentives
+ Students--K-12 Exchange Students
+ Students--Mobility
+ Students--Records/Rights
+ Teaching Quality
+ Teaching Quality--Certification and Licensure
+ Teaching Quality--Certification and Licensure--Alternative
+ Teaching Quality--Certification and Licensure--Assessment
+ Teaching Quality--Certification and Licensure--Assignment
+ Teaching Quality--Certification and Licensure--Highly Qualified Teachers
+ Teaching Quality--Certification and Licensure--Natl. Bd. for Prof. Teach. Stds.
+ Teaching Quality--Certification and Licensure--Special Education
+ Teaching Quality--Certification and Licensure--State Prof. Standards Bds.
+ Teaching Quality--Certification and Licensure--Substitute Teachers
+ Teaching Quality--Compensation and Diversified Pay
+ Teaching Quality--Compensation and Diversified Pay--Pay-for-Performance
+ Teaching Quality--Compensation and Diversified Pay--Retirement/Benefits
+ Teaching Quality--Evaluation and Effectiveness
+ Teaching Quality--Induction Programs and Mentoring
+ Teaching Quality--Paraprofessionals
+ Teaching Quality--Preparation
+ Teaching Quality--Professional Development
+ Teaching Quality--Recruitment and Retention
+ Teaching Quality--Recruitment and Retention--At-Risk Schools
+ Teaching Quality--Recruitment and Retention--High-Needs Subjects
+ Teaching Quality--Reduction in Force
+ Teaching Quality--Teacher Attitudes
+ Teaching Quality--Teacher Contracts (Not Tenure)
+ Teaching Quality--Teacher Rights
+ Teaching Quality--Tenure or Continuing Contract
+ Teaching Quality--Unions/Collective Bargaining
+ Teaching Quality--Unions/Collective Bargaining--Strikes
+ Teaching Quality--Working Conditions
+ Technology
+ Technology--Devices/Software/Hardware
+ Technology--Equitable Access
+ Technology--Funding Issues
+ Technology--Internet Safety
+ Technology--Research/Evaluation
+ Technology--Teacher/Faculty Training
+ Textbooks and Open Source
+ Urban
+ Urban--Change/Improvements
+ Urban--Governance
+ Whole-School Reform Models
+ Youth Engagement