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Document Number: 1687

The Color of Discipline: Sources of Racial and Gender Disproportionality in School Punishment - Minority disproportionality in school discipline has been a concern for over 25 years. This report reviews the literature concerning disproportional discipline, and tests alternative hypotheses for African American overrepresentation in office referral, suspension and expulsion. (Russell J. Skiba, Robert S. Michael, Abra C. Nardo, and Reece L. Peterson, Safe and Responsive Schools at the Indiana Education Policy Center, June 2000) ...


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