Document Number: 3320Powerful Ideas, Modest Gains: Five Years of Systemic Reform in Philadelphia Middle Schools - This report examines the instructional practices and outcomes of Philadelphia middle schools as they underwent increased public scrutiny, new assessments, development of new curricula, new demands for professional development, new work arrangements and new procedures for obtaining support services for students. A major problem cited was lack of guidance in curriculum and pedagogy resulting in test preparation that was not aligned with state standards. The report suggests a number of steps for improving Philadelphia’s middle schools, as well as suggestions for district and school staff. (Jolley Bruce Christman, Research for Action, Consortium for Policy Research in Education, December 2001)...
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