Document Number: 3348Preventing Early Reading Failure with One-to-One Tutoring: A Review of Five Programs - Tutoring is the oldest form of instruction. The major drawback is its cost. But if early intervention can prevent children from experiencing failure and get them off to a successful start in school, the use of this expensive intervention may be cost effective in the long run. Commissioned by the U.S. Department of Education, this article reviews the research on the effectiveness of one-to-one tutoring programs. It addresses how large the effect of tutoring is, to what degree effects of tutoring are maintained over time, and which specific tutoring programs and practices produce the largest gains in student reading achievement. (Barbara A. Wasik, Robert E. Slavin, Center for Research on Effective Schooling for Disadvantaged Students, Success for All Foundation, 1993)...