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Document Number: 3965

Equal Educational Opportunity Act: Measuring Equity - In June 1997, the Vermont legislature passed Act 60, The Equal Educational Opportunity Act (EEOA), following a February state Supreme Court ruling in a class-action suit that Vermont's method of paying for education was inequitable and unconstitutional. Act 60 replaces varying local school tax rates with a single statewide property tax. This report discusses the equalizing effects of the EEOA that were documented during the first full year of implementation. The three major conclusions include: (1) education tax rates are now uniformly tied to local per-pupil spending levels across the state, (2) school accountability procedures for student performance have been established under the EEOA and (3) schools statewide are now required to implement uniform quality standards. The report recommends implementing a new financial accounting system to measure spending by school rather than by school district. The next EEOA report is due in the 2005 school year. (Vermont Department of Education, April 2001)...

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