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Document Number: 4276

Taking Responsibility for Ending Social Promotion: A Guide for Educators and State and Local Leaders - This report contends that social promotion and retention are ineffective policies and that policymakers must take a more comprehensive approach to improving student achievement. Such an approach might include increased emphasis on early childhood literacy, providing summer school for students who are not meeting academic standards, reducing class sizes especially in the primary grades, strengthening professional development for teachers and extending learning time through before- and after-school programs and tutoring. (U.S. Department of Education, 1999) ...

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