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Document Number: 4278

Grade Retention: Prevalence, Timing and Effects - This study investigates the consequences of grade retention on student academic progress and social and emotional development. The report finds that when students are retained, classroom organization, academic content and teaching approaches often do not differ significantly between the regular school year and the retained year. While the study found some benefits to students from being retained, overall such students continue to perform inadequately. (Nancy L. Karweit, Center for Research on the Education of Students Placed At Risk, 1999) ...

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