Document Number: 5194Reconsidering the Impact of High-stakes Testing - Two notable 2002 reports by Amrein and Berliner purported to show that there was no correlation between high-stakes testing and improved student performance. The focus of this paper, by Henry Braun, is to reanalyze the same data -- focusing on the NAEP mathematics scores -- to determine the accuracy of the previous reportsí conclusions. Braunís report identifies two ways to interpret the data, each resulting in a separate, contradictory conclusion. The first method, which he refers to as "pseudo-longitudinal analysis", measures a single cohort of students and tends to argue against high-stakes testing as a more effective strategy than low-stakes testing. The Amrein and Berliner reports focus on this interpretation. However, use of a cross sectional analysis indicates that high-stakes testing raised student achievement, based on gains made in states that have implemented high-stakes testing when compared to the nation as a whole. (Henry Braun, Educational Testing Service, January 2004)...