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Document Number: 5201

Summer Learning Loss: The Problem and Some Solutions - This two-page paper, by Harris Cooper, discusses how American students suffer significant learning loss during the long summer break. Citing studies on the subject, the author details how and why knowledge retention occurs during this time, with reading skills deteriorating most among those who are disadvantaged, and loss of math skills appearing in all groups. Cooper lists three commonly advanced ideas to eliminate summer learning loss: extending the school year, noting that students in the U.S. spend less time in class than students in most other industrialized countries; expanding summer school offerings; and modifying the school calendar. The author summarizes the strengths and limitations. (Harris Cooper, ERIC Digest, May 2003)...


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