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Document Number: 5691

Brown At 50: King’s Dream or Plessy’s Nightmare - Brown v. Board of Education led to widespread desegregation programs, but the 1991 Dowell decision allowed for the return to neighborhood schools, even if it resulted in resegregation. In many districts where court-ordered desegregation was ended in the past decade, there has been a major increase in segregation. After making the most progress in integration, the south is now experiencing the largest move to resegregation. Other findings include, central cities of large metropolitan areas are heavily segregated, and the vast majority of intensely segregated schools face conditions of concentrated poverty. (Gary Orfield and Chungmei Lee, The Civil Rights Project at Harvard University, January 2004)...

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