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Document Number: 5692

Are the NCTM Standards Reaching All Students? - This paper examines mathematics achievement among 4th, 8th and 12th graders, comparing African American and white students from high and low socioeconomic status (SES). Despite recent mathematics achievement increases, race- and SES-related gaps persist. While some classroom experiences were consistent with the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Standards group work and manipulative use other aspects of mathematics instruction the role of calculators, type of assessment used and teacher emphasis on reasoning were found to correlate with both SES and race. NCTM Standards are being implemented more frequently for white, middle-class students. More effort is needed to enhance the mathematical problem-solving skills of lower-SES and African American students. (Sarah Theule Lubienski, Iowa State University, April 2001)...

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