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Document Number: 5716

The Advanced Placement Expansion of the 1990s: How Did Traditionally Underserved Students Fare? - The researcher examined student data in Texas to evaluate the impact of state and local initiatives aimed at increasing Advanced Placement (AP) course participation and test-taking. While the percentage of schools with an AP program grew from 1994 to 2000, low-income and rural schools were much less likely to have AP programs than their non-rural and wealthier counterparts. The researcher also noted that, while schools with significant black and Hispanic populations have AP course offerings comparable to white schools, black and Hispanic students are half as likely to enroll in AP as are white students. Black and Hispanic student participation in AP courses increased slightly from 1994 to 2000, while low income students were found to participate at roughly one-third the rate of students who are not low-income. Although low-income student participation rose 20% from 1994 to 2000, all three groups were still “substantially underrepresented in AP courses in 2000”. (Kristin Klopfenstein, Education Policy Analysis Archives, vol. 12,no. 68, December 2004)...

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