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Document Number: 6007

The Education Pipeline in the United States 1970-2000 - This report examines data on grade enrollment and graduates over time in order to study long-term rates of student progress through elementary-secondary education systems. The authors report one positive finding: kindergarten attendance in the United States increased rapidly from about 60% in 1965 to about 90% by 2000. The authors also report three negative findings: (1) the student attrition rate between 9th and 10th grade has tripled, from 4% to 12%; (2) an increasing bulge of students in 9th grade, which indicates that more students are flunking 8th grade and being held back, a strong predictor of a student later dropping out; and (3) falling graduation rates. (Walt Haney, George Madaus, Lisa Abrams, Anne Wheelock, Jing Miao and Ileana Gruia, The National Board on Educational Testing and Public Policy, January 2004)...


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