Document Number: 6039E-rater as a Quality Control on Human Scores - Among the objections raised by critics of the use of automated systems to evaluate essays are such systems lack the intrinsic capacity to recognize good writing from bad, can be fooled and may not recognize brilliant writing written in a nonconformist manner. The authors argue such skepticism is healthy and advocate for the use of the e-rate automated system as a quality control check on humans rating essays. They also report on one study that found scores checked by one human and the e-rate system were slightly more in agreement than those evaluated by two humans. A brief explanation of the e-rate system can be found on page 4. (William Monaghan and Brent Bridgeman, R&D Connections, Educational Testing Service, April 2005)...