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Document Number: 6685

Crisis Brewing? Paraprofessionals and the No Child Left Behind Act - NCLB requires that, by 2006, all employees providing instructional support including paraprofessionals in a program or school supported with Title I, Part A funds meet one of the following criteria: (1) hold an associate's degree or higher; (2) complete at least two years in an institution of higher education; or (3) obtain a passing score on a test that measures reading, writing and mathematics competency. This policy brief highlights key findings of an Urban Institute study focusing on this provision of NCLB, and elaborates on the policy implications of those findings. These include an information problem (many jurisdictions cannot document paraprofessional compliance with NCLB), a trade-off between complying with the spirit of the law and preventing a staffing problem and an emphasis on testing over further education. (Clemencia Cosentino de Cohen, The Urban Institute, November 2005)...


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