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Document Number: 6712

Parsing the Achievement Gap: Baselines for Tracking Progress - Gaps in school achievement among racial and ethnic groups and between low-income and higher-income students are well documented. This publication examines the conditions that help create and perpetuate these gaps and identifies 14 factors that correlate to student achievement. "Before and Beyond School" factors include: birth weight, lead poisoning, hunger and nutrition, reading to young children, television watching, parent availability, student mobility and parent participation. "In School" factors include: rigor of curriculum, teacher experience and attendance, teacher preparation, class size, technology-assisted instruction and school safety. Statistical data indicated that children's experience with each factor differed based on race/ethnicity and income. A larger purpose of this framework is to encourage a periodic assessment of progress in closing gaps on each factor between student groups. (Paul E. Barton, Educational Testing Service, October 2003)...


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