Document Number: 6758Changes in Advanced Placement Test Taking in California High Schools 1998-2003 - This study provides disaggregated data on Advanced Placement (AP) exam-taking and performance before and after the implementation of California's AP Challenge Grant Program, which was designed to increase the availability of and participation in AP courses for minority students in California high schools. The research finds that while the proportion of black and Latino students taking AP exams rose over the five-year period, these students were still underrepresented in AP programs. The total student population saw a 5% decline in average scores, though greater score declines were observed for traditionally underrepresented students, and some subject areas, such as statistics and Calculus AB saw a rise in both the number of participating students and mean scores. In addition, while a handful of schools saw marked growth in the number of tests taken per year, nearly 95% of schools were "low growth" in this indicator. (Richard S. Brown, University of California, Irvine, January 2005)...
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