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Document Number: 6984

Comparing Private Schools and Public Schools Using Hierarchical Linear Modeling - This study compares mean 2003 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading and mathematics scores of public and private schools in 4th and 8th grades, statistically controlling for individual student characteristics. In 4th and 8th grades, using unadjusted mean scores, students in private schools scored significantly higher than students in public schools for both reading and mathematics. But when school means were adjusted, the average for public schools was significantly higher than the average for private schools for 4th grade mathematics and not significantly different for reading. At 8th grade, the average for private schools was significantly higher than the average for public schools in reading but not significantly different for mathematics. Comparisons were also carried out between the following types of sectarian schools: Catholic, Lutheran and Conservative Christian. Also available is an executive summary. (Henry Braun, Frank Jenkins and Wendy Grigg, National Center for Education Statistics, July 2006) ...


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Student Achievement
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