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Document Number: 7098

Getting Farther Ahead by Staying Behind: A Second-Year Evaluation of Florida’s Policy to End Social Promotion - This study analyzes the effects of Florida’s test-based promotion policy on student achievement two years after its initial retention. The report finds that retained Florida students made significant reading gains relative to the control group of socially promoted students and that these academic benefits grew substantially from the first to the second year after retention. The report also discusses previous research on discretionary retention and test-based retention. Additionally, the report compares Florida's policy to one in Chicago which has yielded different results, arguing that the results in Chicago are the result of differences in the two policies. (Jay P. Greene and Marcus A. Winters, The Manhattan Institute, September 2006) ...

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