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Document Number: 7148

School District Leadership that Works: The Effect of Superintendent Leadership on Student Achievement - For this study, researchers identified 27 research reports conducted since 1970 that examined, using quantitative, rigorous methods, the influence of school district leaders on student performance. Using a sophisticated research technique called a meta-analysis, the authors combined data from separate studies into a single sample, creating what the authors believe to be the largest-ever quantitative examination of research on superintendents. Altogether, these studies involved 2,714 districts and the achievement scores of 3.4 million students. The report's major findings: (1) district-level leadership matters, (2) effective superintendents focus their efforts on creating goal-oriented districts and (3) superintendent tenure is positively correlated with student achievement. (J. Timothy Waters and Robert J. Marzano, McREL, 2006) ...

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