Document Number: 7383Digital Equity in Education - This study examined digital equity in education with data from 70,382 students in 3,479 schools and 40 states. Selected findings: (1) students in rural schools or schools with higher percentages of African American students were likely to have less access to computers; (2) girls and low-income students were more likely to use computers more frequently when they are available in the classroom; and (3) having computers available in a lab increases the likelihood of higher levels of computer use. The results suggested that no more than 5% of the variance in computer access can be attributed to state factors, and less than 1% of the variance in computer use was between states. The findings suggested that where student technology standards are integrated into subject-area standards, computer use was likely lower than in other states. In states where pre-service teachers must meet technology-related requirements to receive their teaching credential and states where funds earmarked for technology are distributed as competitive grants, computer use was likely to be higher. (Jonathan D. Becker, Education Policy Analysis Archives, February 2006)...