Document Number: 7821Beating the Odds: An Analysis of Student Performance and Achievement Gaps on State Assessments, Results from the 2006-2007 School Year - Urban students continued to improve in math and reading in 2007. Most impressive were gains in math: 63% of 4th graders scored at or above proficiency, an increase of 14 percentage points since 2003. Eighth-graders reached 55%, up from 42% in 2003. In reading, 60% of 4th graders were at or above proficiency compared to 51% in 2003; 51% of 8th graders were proficient or better, up from 43% in 2003. (Jason Snipes, Amanda Horwitz, Kyoko Soga, Michael Casserly, Council of the Great City Schools, April 2008)...