Document Number: 8762Still a Freshman: Examining the Prevalence and Characteristics of Ninth-Grade Retention Across Six States - This report is designed to show the potential of what we could learn if ninth-grade retention data were made readily available by states. Because retention data and unadjusted counts of first-time ninth-graders are not yet available, it is still necessary to estimate. By introducing a new approach, the first-time ninth-grade estimate, this study provides state-level estimates of ninth-grade retention and examines school-level rates of ninth-grade retention by location, size, available resource, socioeconomic and race/ethnic composition. (Thomas C. West, Everyone Graduates Center, 2009)...
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