Document Number: 9211Instructional Leadership, Teaching Quality, and Student Achievement: Suggestive Evidence from Three Urban School Districts - This study addressed the following questions: (1) What are the roles, functions and specific instructional leadership actions of intermediary supervisors and principals? (2) Do
these correspond with the leadership behaviors thought to be effective in improving classroom instruction and student outcomes? (3) How are the actions of educational leaders linked to teachers’ instructional practices and to student achievement? Specifically, do they experience greater improvements in student achievement over time than schools whose leaders exhibit fewer of these actions? The study’s findings are intended to provide guidance to district and school leaders about how to improve teaching and learning. (MDRC, December 2007)...