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Document Number: 9618

Do Effects of Early Child Care Extend to Age 15 Years? - Findings from the longitudinal National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study (NICHD) show that high-quality early care and education (ECE) programs are associated with higher academic outcomes and fewer behavioral or emotional problems at age 15. However, the study also showed that children who spent more time in non-relative care before age five were more likely to engage in impulsive or risky behaviors as adolescents. (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study (NICHD) Early Child Care Research Network, May 2010)...


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