Document Number: 9622Early Childhood Intervention and Life-Cycle Skill Development: Evidence from Head Start - This study on the long-term impact of Head Start shows that while cognitive gains made by Head Start students become less significant over time, Head Start is associated with important non-cognitive gains lasting through the participants' school careers and into young adulthood. Based on a longitudinal survey of Head Start children and their mothers from 1986 to 2004, the study found that while Head Start is associated with gains in test scores at ages five and six, these gains became less significant as the children grew older. At the same time, Head Start still has a significant association with lower grade retention, less diagnosis for a learning disability through age 14, and more positive long-term outcomes when the children were 19 years old or older. (David Deming, American Economic Journal, July 2009)...
Related IssuesP-3 Evaluation/Economic Benefits