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Document Number: 9795

Effects of Public Preschool Expenditures on the Test Scores of Fourth Graders: Evidence from TIMSS - This study suggests that there is a modest but significant relationship between a country's expenditures on pre-k and the math/science achievement of its elementary school students. Using fourth graders' scores from the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMMS), researchers examined the extent to which differences in achievement in seven countries - Australia, Japan, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, the United Kingdom, and the United States - can be attributed to differences in the nations' financial investments in pre-k. Their analysis turned up evidence that pre-k expenditure levels do explain some of the differences in fourth-grade scores. (Educational Research and Evaluation, 2008)...


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