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Selected Research & Readings
 




Why Rural Matters 2009: State and Regional Challenges and Opportunities - This is the fifth in a biennial series analyzing the contexts and conditions of rural education in each of the states and calling attention to the need for policymakers to address rural education issues in their respective states. (Jerry Johnson and Marty Strange, The Rural School and Community Trust, January 2010)...

The Capacity of Early Childhood Care & Education in Rural New York State - This Cornell University study demonstrates that rural communities throughout New York have less capacity to serve their young children than their suburban or urban counterparts. Taking the size, wealth, and education level of a community into account, the report found that rural families have limited access to pre-k and other early care and education arrangements. (Cornell University, January 2008)...

Why Rural Matters 2007 - This report - the fourth in a series of biennial reports - analyzes the importance of rural education in each of the 50 states and calls attention to the urgency with which policymakers in each state should address rural education issues. (The Rural School and Community Trust, 2007)...

Preliminary Rural Analysis of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study - This report shows that rural children are more likely than their peers in non-rural communities to be placed in special education in kindergarten. (National Center for Rural Early Childhood Learning Initiatives, May 2005)...

What Does a School Mean to a Community? Assessing the Social and Economic Benefits of Schools to Rural Villages in New York - This article researcher identifies community-level characteristics associated with the presence or absence of a school in a community, and the presence of these characteristics in two sets of communities in New York State. Lyson finds that the social and economic welfare in all communities is higher in places that have schools, and the gap between the rich and the poor is greater in villages without schools, as is the number of households receiving public assistance. (Thomas A. Lyson, Journal of Research in Rural Education, Cornell University, Winter 2002)...

Additional Assistance and Research on Effective Strategies Would Help Small Rural Districts - Smaller districts are having a hard time attracting highly qualified teachers, according to this study on implementing the No Child Left Behind Act. Teachers often must teach multiple grades or subjects and feel isolated from big libraries, professional development and programs for special-needs students, the report said. Declining enrollments mean less state aid but higher standards require more resources. Also, special-needs and disadvantaged students make up a bigger percentage of the students in smaller districts. (U.S. Government Accountability Office, September 2004)...

Rural America at a Glance - The economic expansion of the 1990s had many positive effects on rural America – earnings and income rose, poverty lessened and population grew – leading many demographers to label it the decade of the “rural rebound.” Following the 2001 recession, rural areas fared better than urban areas, and in 2002 had lower unemployment rates and higher job growth than urban areas. Despite this positive news, rural areas still face many challenges. The decline in manufacturing jobs was more severe in rural areas, food insecurity and poverty rates are higher in rural areas and the per-capita income is lower than in urban areas. Selected charts from this brief may be downloaded separately. (U.S. Department of Agriculture, September 2003)...

Vocational Education Offerings in Rural High Schools - This National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) Issue Brief uses data from the 1999 Fast Response Survey System "Survey on Vocational Programs in Secondary Schools" to examine vocational education offerings in rural, suburban and urban schools. The report finds that suburban and urban schools offered similar numbers and types of programs, while rural schools offered fewer programs. In particular, rural schools were less likely than schools in other areas to offer vocational education programs for occupations that were projected to be fast-growing. This difference in offerings may reflect differences in local labor markets. (Lisa Hudson and Linda Shafer, NCES, August 2002)...

Attracting and Retaining Teachers in Rural Areas - This article reviews the challenges rural districts face in recruiting and retaining teachers and explores several promising strategies that have emerged over the past several years at the state and local levels. (Timothy Collins, U.S. Department of Education, OERI, December 1999)...


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