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Resources for State Leaders Seeking to Improve School Safety PDF - In the wake of the December 2012 shootings at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, governors, legislators, and education leaders from across the country signaled their intentions to pursue legislation and policy to improve school safety. The purpose of this ECS Alert is to provide our constituents with quick access to resources and information on potential policies directly related to school safety. The following report contain descriptions and links, sorted by topic, from ECS and other organizations....

Youth Violence: A Policymakers' Guide PDF - Youth Violence: A Policymakers' Guide: ECS published Youth Violence: A Policymakers' Guide in 1996, but many parts of it remain relevant. In particular, note the Level of Risk Continuum on pages 10-11. Ranging from "Life Threatening Risks" to "Risks Related to Personal and Social Self-Determination," the continuum remains one of the best school audit tools ECS has found. (ECS, 1996)...

Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2012 - During the 2009-2010 school year, there were 1,396 homicides among school-age youth aged five to 18 of which 19 occurred at school, according to the annual federal report on school crime and safety. Among hundreds of factoids: Little change has been observed in the percentage of students reporting having been bullied between 2005 and 2011. Between 1995 and 2011, the percentage of students who reported being afraid of attack or harm at school decreased from 12% to 4%. More secondary teachers (8%) reported being threatened with injury than elementary school teachers (7%), but a greater percentage of elementary school teachers (5%) reported actually being attacked than secondary teachers (2%). Before printing, consider its length: 211 pages. (National Center for Education Statistics and Bureau of Justice Statistics, June 2013)...

Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2011 - This is the 14th in a series of annual publications produced jointly by the U.S. Department of Education and the Bureau of Justice Statistics. The report covers topics such as teacher injury, victimization, bullying, school conditions, fights, weapons, availability and student use of drugs and alcohol, and student perceptions of personal safety at school. Indicators of crime and safety are compared across different population subgroups and over time. (Institute of Education Sciences, February 2012)...

Breaking Schools' Rules: A Statewide Study of How School Discipline Relates to Students' Success and Juvenile Justice Involvement - The Council of State Governments' Justice Center and the Public Policy Research Institute at Texas A&M University conducted a statewide study of nearly 1 million Texas public secondary school students, followed for at least six years. Among the most startling findings are that the majority of students were suspended or expelled between seventh and twelfth grade. Also found in the study: (1) When students are suspended or expelled, the likelihood that they will repeat a grade, not graduate, and/or become involved in the juvenile justice system increases significantly; (2) African-American students and students with educational disabilities were suspended and expelled at especially high rates. (CSG Justice Center, July 2011)...

A Profile of Criminal Incidents at School: Results From the 2003-05 National Crime Victimization Survey Crime Incident Report - This report provides estimates of criminal incidents that occur at school. Major findings include: 1) During the 2003-05 period, 4,763,000 criminal incidents occurred at school; (2) Over 50% of the violent incidents occurred inside the school building; (3) A greater percentage of both thefts and violent incidents occurred between noon and 3 p.m; and (4) 82% of the incidents at school were not reported to police. (National Center for Education Statistics, May 2010)...

Campus Attacks: Targeted Violence Affecting Institutions of Higher Education - The study explores incidents of targeted violence at institutions of higher education. It finds that targeted college campus violence, from serious assaults to the mass shootings at Virginia Tech in 2007, is up sharply over the last two decades. The number of cases of targeted violence rose from 40 during the 1980s to 79 in the 1990s and 83 since 2000. The report analyzes motivating or triggering factors, gender, subject affiliation, pre-incident behaviors, method of attack and related factors. (Diana Drysdale, William Modzeleski and Andre Simons, U.S. Secret Service, U.S. Department of Education and Federal Bureau of Investigation, April 2010)...

Teens and Sexting: How and Why Minor Teens are Sending Sexually Suggestive Nude or Nearly Nude Images Via Text Messaging - In a survey of 800 youth ages 12-17 conducted in the summer of 2009, the Pew Center found that 75% of all teens those ages own a cell phone and 66% use text messaging. Some law enforcement officers and district attorneys have begun prosecuting teens who create and share sexual images under laws generally reserved for producers and distributors of child pornography. (Amanda Lenhart, Pew Research Center, December 2009)...

Policing in Schools: Developing A Governance Document for School Resource Officers in K-12 Schools - In 2005, almost 70% of public school students ages 12 to 18 reported that school resource officers (SROs) patrol their hallways. This ACLU White Paper posits that, when these officers are deployed in the schools, they must be provided with the tools necessary to ensure a safe school environment while respecting the rights of students and the overall school climate. (Catherine Kim and India Geronimo, American Civil Liberties Union, August 2009)...

Results of the National Campus Safety and Security Project - The survey indicates four areas of emergency preparedness that may need more attention from colleges and universities: Leadership, communication, building security and mutual aid. (National Campus Safety and Security Project, July 2009)...

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