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School SafetyUniforms/Dress CodesSelected Research & Readings
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 Selected Research & Readings

The Dress Code Debate and School Uniform Movement: A Selected Bibliography MS Word - A comprehensive bibliography on the subject of the dress code debate and school uniform movement. (Education Commission of the States, July 1998) ...

School Dress Codes and Uniform Policies - According to this Policy Report, research on the effects of dress code and school uniform policies is inconclusive and mixed. Some researchers find positive effects; others claim no effects or only perceived effects. While no state has legislatively mandated the wearing of school uniforms, 28 states and the District of Columbia have enacted laws addressing school attire. This report examines the issue of school uniforms and dress codes from several perspectives, including research on school principalsí opinions and guidelines for creating dress-code policy. (ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Fall 2002)...

Dress Codes and Uniforms - Dress codes are one of several measures used by school districts to maintain order and enhance student safety. This brief discusses the historical use of dress codes and uniforms in American schools and how the issue is perceived today. Advocates of dress codes argue that the regulations improve student behavior, promote self-confidence and diminish differences among socioeconomic levels. Opponents contend that uniforms infringe upon students' First Amendment rights and are an unnecessary means of control. The article presents recent research and court decisions on the issue, examines how dress codes are used and discusses successful policies. (© CEPI 2000, Policy Issues, Virginia Commonwealth Educational Policy Institute, Bruce Morris and Donna Wells, editors.)...

School Uniforms: Why and How - Elementary schools that require students to wear uniforms report positive effects on classroom discipline, student safety, school spirit and peer pressure, according to a survey of principals conducted by the National Association of Elementary School Principals and Lands' End, Inc. Principals at schools that do require uniforms (the majority of those surveyed) most often said it has not been raised as an issue (30%) and that their current dress code is fine (29%). (NAESP, August 2000)...

School Uniforms: A Policy Review - As part of the 1999 Georgia Education Reform Study Commission, this brief provides substantial background on and an examination of dress codes and uniform policies in Georgia schools. The report discusses pros and cons and offers state comparisons. (Governor's Education Reform Study Commission School Climate Committee, July 1999)...

Student Dress Codes: Constitutional Requirements and Policy Suggestions - This 1999 paper -- produced by the New Mexico law firm of Modrall, Sperling, Roehl, Harris & Sisk, P.A. -- provides an overview of court rulings regarding the constitutionality of student dress code and school uniform policies. The paper also provides a "policy suggestion checklist" for school district officials interested in establishing dress code or school uniform policies. (Max Madrid, Elizabeth Garcia, May 1999)...

Manual on School Uniforms - This manual -- created in 1996 by the U.S. Department of Education with input from the Department of Justice -- sets forth the benefits of school uniforms and provides interested districts and schools a road map for establishing a school uniform policy. The manual also describes various model uniform programs from a number of school districts across the nation. (U.S. Department of Education, February 29, 1996)...

Dress Codes as a Means of Reducing Violence in Public Schools (Challenges Facing Our Schools: Four Policy Perspectives) - This 1996 report from George Washington University discusses the use of dress codes as a means of reducing violence in our public schools. The author reviews the constitutional implications of dress codes, arguments for and against them, and presents policy alternatives and guidelines. (Kathleen L. Paliokas, George Washington University, Institute for Education Policy Studies, Graduate School of Education and Human Development, 1996)...

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