main
community
contact staff ecs twitter facebook
School/District Structure/OperationsFacilitiesSelected Research & Readings (Additional Resources)
 
  SCHOOL/DISTRICT STRUCTURE/OPERATIONS
 FACILITIES
 
 What States Are Doing
 Selected Research & Readings
 Other Web Sites
 


Finance--Facilities


The Progress of Education Reform: School Facilities PDF - This issue of The Progress of Education Reform focuses on:

  • Principles of educational design
  • The impact of school environments on academic outcomes
  • The changing educational facilities needs of the 21st century.
Summaries of four articles on school facilities and links to other Web sites are included. (Suzanne Weiss, Education Commission of the States, April 2006)....

Making Better Decisions About Funding School Facilities MS Word - The condition of school facilities is declining nationwide. Many schools are old and in need of renovation. Student enrollment shifts, both growth and decline, have triggered a need for new school buildings and/or created a situation in which buildings are being used inefficiently. Education policies and innovations in education reform, such as class-size reduction and technology, have put added pressure on states and school districts to adapt their facilities. (Education Commission of the States, July 1998)...

2009 Report Card for America’s Infrastructure Advisory Council - This report card grades 12 of America's infrastructure categories and gives schools a D for facilities and accommodations. The authors examines the current trends for addressing the nation's deteriorating infrastructure and discusses actions the federal government should take to bring conditions up to acceptable levels. Begin on page 124 for information on schools. (American Society of Civil Engineers, 2009)...

Capital Financing: Department Management Improvements Could Enhance Education's Loan Program for Historically Black Colleges and Universities - Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU), which number around 100, undertake capital projects to provide appropriate settings for learning, but many face challenges in doing so. In 1992, Congress created the HBCU Capital Financing Program to help HBCUs fund capital projects by offering loans with interest rates near the government’s cost of borrowing. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) reviewed the program. Also available are report highlights (United States Government Accountability Office, October 2006) ...

Selected Tables from the: 2003-04 Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) PDF - Access SASS tables detailing the percentage of schools with physical space limitations, by school type and selected school characteristics: 2003-04. Full report available here. (Gregory A. Strizek, Jayme L. Pittsonberger, Kate E. Riordan, Deanna M. Lyter, Greg F. Orlofsky and Kerry Gruber, National Center for Education Statistics, March 2006)...

An Examination of the Conditions of School Facilities Attended by 10th-Grade Students in 2002 - The Education Longitudinal Study (ELS:2002) of 2002 is a longitudinal study that follows a cohort of high school students over time. The facilities instrument was administered as a part of the ELS:2002 and focused on the conditions of school facilities, including disrepair, cleanliness, safety and security measures. The facilities instrument was administered in order to establish a baseline measurement of school conditions for students in the sample and to use this baseline in the examination of student academic success and other long-term outcomes. (Mike Planty, Jill DeVoe, Jeffrey A. Owings and Kathryn Chandler, National Center for Education Statistics, October 2005)...

Two Reports on Maintenance & Operations (M&O) Costs - Challenging Times reports the results of a survey of chief business officials at the nation’s public school districts regarding M&O costs, disaggregating data on a national level and by district enrollment, identifying budgeted expenditures for M&O per student and per square foot for the 2004-05 school year. Steady Spending reports the results of a survey of physical plant directors at two-year colleges and four-year institutions with no significant graduate programs. M&O costs are documented for the 2004-05 school year. (Joe Argon, American School & University, April 2005)...

Designing Better Buildings: What Can Be Learned from Offices, Factories & Schools - Research indicates that the buildings in which people live, work, study and convalesce affect productivity, satisfaction, learning, healing and recovery. This paper discusses the benefits and characteristics of well-designed offices, factories and – starting on page six – schools. (Sara Marberry, The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, June 2004)...

Rural School Facilities: State Policies that Provide Students with an Environment To Promote Learning - This report assists state policymakers in identifying critical school facility issues and crafting state policies that meet the needs of all students, especially rural students. The recommendations draw on state experiences – both good and bad. Appendix A is a set of “Guiding Principles” that summarize overarching themes that should be part of a fair and effective state school facilities program. A “State School Facilities Policy Checklist” is included in Appendix B as a simple tool for evaluating a state school facilities program. Appendix C lists other sources of information and resources about facility policies, funding and rural school facilities. (Ann McColl and Gregory C. Malhoit, Rural School and Community Trust, June 2004)...

The Effects of School Facility Quality on Teacher Retention in Urban School Districts - Analyzing the school, teacher and community factors that teachers cite as reasons to leave the profession, researchers put forth school facility quality as a substantial, and undervalued, factor in retaining teachers in urban schools. They point to studies suggesting a link between such factors as poor indoor air quality, noise, classroom lighting, natural daylight and temperature control and teaching quality and student achievement. Drawing from a survey of Washington, D.C. teachers, the authors found a surprising fact. While a 1999 study found that students whose classrooms received the most natural light improved 20% more a year in math and 26% more in reading than those whose classrooms received the least natural light, more than one in five D.C. teachers reported not being able to see through the windows in their classrooms. (Jack Buckley, Yi Shang and Mark Schneider, National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities, February 2004)...

Building Healthy, High Performance Schools: A Review of Selected State and Local Initiatives - High performance schools support the learning process and are healthier, more environmentally responsible and less expensive to operate. This report details the high performance school building initiatives of three states and four school districts and showcases the innovative and ambitious policies, programs and practices that can change how school facilities are developed. Chapter 9 discusses the challenges and strategies used at both the district and state levels to advance high performance school building initiatives and opportunities for federal agencies and non-governmental organizations to support state and local initiatives. (The Environmental Law Institute, September 2003)...

Facilities Information Management: A Guide for State and Local Education Agencies - This report offers as step-by-step guide for decisionmakers at the district and state levels on (1) customizing a school facilities data system; (2) using data elements – such as building condition, design and utilization – for analysis; and (3) identifying specific data elements to include in such analysis. A glossary of school facility terms is provided, as is a list of contact information for school facility-related professional organizations, federal agencies and programs, and state education agencies. (Education Facilities Data Task Force, National Forum on Education Statistics, July 2003)...

Report Card for America’s Infrastructure: 2003 Progress Report - In March 2001, the American Society of Civil Engineers issued a Report Card for America's Infrastructure, grading 12 infrastructure categories and giving schools a D- for facilities and accommodations. In September 2003, ASCE released a Progress Report that examines the current trends for addressing the nation's deteriorating infrastructure and discusses actions the federal government should take to bring conditions up to acceptable levels. ASCE did not issue new grades because the condition and performance have not changed significantly in two years. (American Society of Civil Engineers, 2003)...

Daylighting in Schools, Re-Analysis Report - This study expands and validates previous research that found a statistical correlation between the amount of daylight in elementary school classrooms and the performance of students on standardized math and reading tests. The researchers re-analyzed the 1997–98 school year student performance data from two western school districts to answer questions from the peer review panel. The re-analysis findings found that overall, elementary school students in classrooms with the most daylight showed a 21% improvement in learning rates compared to students in classrooms with the least daylight. (Heschong Mahone Group, February 2002)...

The Future of School Facilities: Getting Ahead of the Curve - By examining five trends in education, this paper looks at what these trends say about the kinds of buildings and spaces districts will need for future schools. The five trends are: (1) school performance for all students, not just those who learn best in traditional settings; (2) personalized learning; (3) technologies that change how teachers teach and students learn; (4) periodic shortages of teachers and school leaders; and (5) shifts in student population and residency patterns that affect school facilities and demand more from schools. (Michael DeArmond, Sara Taggart, and Paul Hill, Center on Reinventing Public Education, May 2002)...

Building America's Schools: State Efforts to Address School Facility Needs - This issue brief examines funding mechanisms in 43 states and one territory that support K-12 school facilities and renovation. Policymakers across the nation are focusing more attention on school construction funding and modernization to meet rising school enrollment. (National Governors Association, Education Studies Division, June 2000)...

Condition of America's Public School Facilities: 1999 - Based on a survey conducted by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) using its Fast Response Survey System, this report provides national data about the condition of school facilities and the costs to bring them into good condition; school plans for repairs, renovations and replacements; the age of public schools; and overcrowding and practices used to address overcrowding. (Laurie Lewis, Kyle Snow, Elizabeth Farris, Becky Smerdon, Stephanie Cronen, Jessica Kaplan and Bernie Greene, NCES, June 2000)...

School Facilities: Construction Expenditures Have Grown Significantly in Recent Years - The General Accounting Office (GAO) has found that local, state and federal spending for K-12 school construction increased by 39% in the 1990s to about $25 billion. Most of the increase was for the construction of buildings; spending on land and portable classrooms showed a net decline. Average annual construction expenditures per pupil ranged from $934 in Nevada to $37 in Connecticut. (U. S. General Accounting Office, March 2000)...

Making Money Matter - A comprehensive review of the theory and practice of financing public schools by federal, state and local governments in the United States, this report argues that money can and must be made to matter more than in the past if the nation is to reach its ambitious goal of improving achievement for all students. The book provides a thorough understanding of how facilities financing is an integral part of a comprehensive education financing system. (Helen F. Ladd and Janet S. Hansen, eds., National Academy Press, 1999)...


Selected Research & Readings Current

Print Friendly and PDF

4

Thank you, Issue Site Sponsors
pearson

 
Home  |  About ECS  |  Education Issues A-Z  | Research Studies  |  Reports & Databases  |  State Legislation  |  State Profiles  |  Projects & Institutes  |  Newsroom  |  Website User's Guide


Information provided by ECS combines the best of the most recent and useful research available. Should you have questions, please contact our Information Clearinghouse at 303.299.3675.

700 Broadway, #810 Denver, CO 80203-3442
Phone: 303.299.3600 | Fax: 303.296.8332
 
©2014 Education Commission of the States
www.ecs.org | ecs@ecs.org
Read our privacy policy