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High SchoolAdvanced PlacementWhat States Are Doing (Additional Resources)
 What States Are Doing
 Selected Research & Readings

High School--Dual/Concurrent Enrollment
P-16 or P-20

ECS High School Policy Center (HSPC)

Advanced Placement (AP) Exams with an International Focus 2001 State-by-State Comparison MS Word PDF - Multistate compilations of AP examinations: (1) 2001 European History, (2) 2001 French Language/Literature, (3) 2001 German Language, (4) 2001 Comparative Government & Politics, (5) 2001 Human Geography, 2001 Spanish Language/Literature and (6) 2001 Participation in AP Examinations with an International Focus (all). (Jennifer Azordegan, Education Commission of the States, September 2002) ...

Advanced Placement Courses and Examinations -- State-Level Policies MS Word - Advanced Placement courses prepare high school upperclassmen to take challenging subject-matter tests in areas including English, calculus, several foreign languages, the various pure sciences, and even music theory, statistics and art. This document is an overview of what states are doing on this issue, including multi-state policy compilations. (Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, January 2000)...

Progress in Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate in SREB States - This five-page report provides a snapshot of Advanced Placement (AP) and International Baccalaureate (IB) test-taking and scores in the 16 Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) states. The percent of students taking at least one AP exam rose in all SREB states and the U.S. as a whole from 2000 to 2005, as did the percent of students scoring a “3” or higher on an exam. However, despite the overall gains in AP participation, African American students are still underrepresented in AP programs in all SREB states. According to the report, the number of schools offering the IB program has grown both in SREB states and nationwide. SREB states house nearly half the programs in the U.S. in SREB states and serve more than half of the IB students in the nation. The author likewise proposes state policies likely to improve AP and IB participation and success. (Rebecca Daugherty Kaye, SREB, May 2006) ...

Gaining or Losing Ground? Equity in Offering Advanced Placement Courses in California High Schools 1997-2003 - This report examines the number of distinct AP subjects offered at nearly 1,100 “regular” public high schools in California. The authors found that the percent of high schools in the state not offering AP courses rose from 15% in 1997 to 22% in 2003. The offering of AP courses was not tied to the percent of African American or Latino students in a school – schools with both low and high concentrations of Latino and African American students were associated with reduced AP course offerings. However, upon controlling for school size, the authors found a negative corrolation between AP course offerings and concentration of underrepresented minorities, and a lack in increases in AP course offerings since 1997 in larger high schools with greater concentrations of low-income students. The study concludes with policy recommendations and future research directions. (Maria Estela Zarate and Harry P. Pachon, Tomas Rivera Policy Institute, March 2006)...

Changes in Advanced Placement Test Taking in California High Schools 1998-2003 - This study provides disaggregated data on Advanced Placement (AP) exam-taking and performance before and after the implementation of California's AP Challenge Grant Program, which was designed to increase the availability of and participation in AP courses for minority students in California high schools. The research finds that while the proportion of black and Latino students taking AP exams rose over the five-year period, these students were still underrepresented in AP programs. The total student population saw a 5% decline in average scores, though greater score declines were observed for traditionally underrepresented students, and some subject areas, such as statistics and Calculus AB saw a rise in both the number of participating students and mean scores. In addition, while a handful of schools saw marked growth in the number of tests taken per year, nearly 95% of schools were "low growth" in this indicator. (Richard S. Brown, University of California, Irvine, January 2005)...

State Online Advanced Placement Schools - A growing number of states are offering Advanced Placement (AP) courses online to meet the needs of schools unable to find highly qualified teachers or afford hiring a full-time teacher for a particular AP course, or help students with scheduling conflicts. The links below provide a sample of state programs.
Iowa Online Advanced Placement Academy (IOAPA)
Kentucky Virtual Advanced Placement Academy

What States Are Doing Current

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