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ECS High School Policy Center (HSPC)

The Adult Learning Gap: Why States Need to Change Their Policies Toward Adult Learners PDF - In a knowledge-based economy, a postsecondary education is a prerequisite for success. College graduates earn almost double the amount of those with no postsecondary education. But it is not just the individual who benefits – the states do, as well. In this paper, the authors examine the needs of adult learners and the ways in which states can encourage and shape the future of adult education. Changing economics and demographics demand a rethinking of adult learning and its impact on the quality of life for everyone in states. Recommendations include increasing and diversifying the amount of financial aid available to adult learners and placing a new emphasis on adult literacy and ESL programs. (Alice Ann Bailey and James R. Mingle, Education Commission of the States, 2003)...

Factors Influencing GED and Diploma Attainment of High School Dropouts - Dropping out frequently is not the end of a student’s education. While factors such as socio-economic status, the presence of children, age at dropout and school capability affected the likelihood of a student earning a GED or diploma, 59.2% of the high school dropouts in this study returned to gain either a high school diploma or a GED. The author contends that more studies should be conducted, focusing on positive correlates as a means to more effectively identify ways to increase the number of dropouts returning to get a degree of some sort. (Jeffrey C. Wayman, Education Policy Analysis Archives, February 2001)...

Educational Attainment of High School Dropouts 8 Years Later - This three-page brief examines the educational attainment of a cohort of 1988 8th-graders who had dropped out at least once between grade eight and spring 1994. The authors found that 92% of 1988 8th-graders, regardless of dropout status, and 63% of the dropouts in that group, earned a high school diploma or alternative as of spring 2000. Forty-three percent of the cohort who dropped out at least once in high school had gone on to postsecondary education. Twenty-seven percent of the dropouts who matriculated to a postsecondary institution reported earning a certificate or license, and 9% reported completing an associate’s degree or higher by spring 2000. (David Hurst, Dana Kelly and Daniel Princlotta, National Center for Education Statistics, November 2004)...

So You Want a GED? Estimating the Impact of the GED on the Earnings of Dropouts Who Seek the Credential - GED holders had higher incomes than employed dropouts without a GED. However, individuals with a GED were only slightly more likely to have a job than dropouts who did not obtain the credential, and both groups still averaged incomes close to the poverty line. (John H. Tyler, Brown University Department of Economics Working Paper No. 01-34, May 2001)...

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