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The Progress of Education Reform: Teacher Expectations of Students PDF - This issue of The Progress of Education Reform provides a review of the research on the relationship between teacher expectations and student achievement. It also explores how policy can be used to improve how schools are evaluating for, monitoring, and providing training to teachers on the potential negative effects fixed teacher expectations. (Emily Workman, ECS, December 2012)...

The Progress of Education Reform: Teacher Leaders PDF - This issue of The Progress of Education Reform discusses the roles teacher leaders can play; how they can contribute to overall school and student success; how some states are formally supporting teacher leaders and the concept of teacher leadership; and policy implications and recommendations for state policymakers on how to explore and/or expand teacher leadership in their states....

Teacher Salaries and Benefits 2003--08 MS Word PDF - This ECS StateNote examines National Center for Education Statistics figures on salary and benefit statistics for the 50 states and the District of Columbia. (Stephanie Rose, Education Commission of the States, May 2010)...

Teaching Quality: How prevalent are research-based practices in the classroom? - Access related research titles from the ECS Research Studies Database. Links embedded in titles will take you to each study's major findings and recommendations....

Improving the Skills and Knowledge of the High School Teachers We Already Have PDF - While numerous state efforts seek to recruit, train and retain more teachers, fewer initiatives focus on developing teachers, particlarly high school teachers, once they enter the classroom. This policy brief examines seven high-leverage components to strengthen teacher professional development at the high school level and provides state policy suggestions for each. (Jennifer Dounay and Kathy Christie, Education Commission of the States, October 2008)...

Projected Statewide Impact of "Opportunity Culture" School Models - Using North Carolina as an example, statewide use of Opportunity Culture models could give students an average 3.4 more years of learning, teachers leading teams could make $848,000 more in a 35-year career, state income tax revenue would be up to $700 million higher over 16 years of implementation and state domestic product would increase by $4.6 billion to $7.7 billion over 16 years, according to this estimate. Opportunity Culture models extend the reach of excellent teachers for more pay within budget. (Christen Holly, et al., Public Impact, May 2014) ...

Gallup State of America's Schools: The Path to Winning Again in Education - Students who strongly agree that their school is committed to building their strengths and that they have a teacher who makes them excited about the future are almost 30 times as likely to be engaged learners as their peers who strongly disagree with both statements, this poll finds. But less than half of students strongly agree that they get to do their best every day, and nearly seven in 10 K-12 teachers are not engaged in their work. (Gallup, April 2014) ...

2013 State Teacher Policy Yearbook National Summary - The National Council on Teacher Quality annually tracks and analyzes teacher policies across all states and the District of Columbia. The Yearbook is mammoth – 226 pages – and can be searched by national findings, by issue, or by state. States get overall grades, based on individual criteria which also are graded. For those interested in particular states, or in comparing states, there is an interactive map. (NCTQ, January 2014)...

A Human Capital Framework for a Stronger Teacher Workforce - Building a stronger teacher workforce requires multiple processes working together: getting the right teachers in the right positions on time (acquire), supporting professional growth (develop), nurturing and rewarding high-performing teachers (sustain) and informing evidence-based personnel decisions (evaluate). (Jeannie Myung, Krissia Martinez and Lee Nordstrum, Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, August 2013) (Jeannie Myung, Krissia Martinez and Lee Nordstrum, Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, August 2013)...

Getting the Best People into the Toughest Jobs: Changes in Talent Management in Education - Strategic talent management in education -- managing teacher recruitment, selection, placement, development, evaluation, tenure, promotion, dismissal and compensation -- is a relatively recent phenomenon, according to the author. The overarching principle behind all the activity in education reform is that talent truly matters. He recommends entry into the profession be made difficult at every juncture and that three to five years into teaching, the neophyte be given a test, not unlike a bar exam, to qualify for full licensure. (Allan Odden, Center for American Progress, April 2013)...

Teacher Absence as a Leading Indicator of Student Achievement - This report takes a look at teacher absence and raises the question of equity. Students in schools serving a high proportion of African American or Latino students suffer a higher rate of teacher absence as do students whose schools serve predominantly low-income families. In addition to concerns about equity, Miller says teacher absence is a crucial issue since teachers can determine students' academic success and because teacher absence costs at least $4 billion a year.(Raegen Miller, Center for American Progress, November 2012)...

Teacher Quality 2.0: From Teacher Education to Student Progress: Teacher Quality Since NCLB - This first paper in a series on teaching quality provides an overview of the last decade’s research and policy innovations that reframed thinking on objective measures to evaluate a teacher’s classroom accomplishments and shortfalls. While no consensus has emerged yet about how to improve teacher quality, the paper notes that policymakers continue to experiment with many levers, including teacher preparation programs, recruitment incentives, tenure provisions, and differential pay, to achieve the highest-quality teacher workforce. (American Enterprise Institute, August 2012)...

Preparing Teachers and Developing School Leaders for the 21st Century: Lessons from Around the World - This publication evaluates education systems around the world, identifies the best ways to improve the quality of teaching, provides available research about what can make educational reforms effective, and highlights examples of reforms that have produced specific results, show promise, or illustrate imaginative ways of implementing change. (OECD, March 2012)...

Primary Sources: 2012 America’s Teachers on the Teaching Profession - In this edition of “Primary Sources,” the authors asked more than 10,000 teachers about their schools and classrooms, about student and teacher performance and about the ways it should be evaluated, supported and rewarded. The report delves into the everyday experience of teaching in today’s schools, and reflects the diversity of opinion and practice in the teaching profession. The data reflects responses from educators in every state and at every grade level, and from those teaching students of all income levels and of all learning abilities. (Scholastic and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, March 2012)...

Building a High-Quality Teaching Profession: Lessons from Around the World - This OECD report draws on the organization’s international research on principles, practices, and innovations in teaching. (OECD, June 2011)...

Workplaces That Support High-Performing Teaching and Learning: Insights From Generation Y Teachers - The study provides insights into the attitudes of Generation Y teachers – those born between 1977 and 1995 – as well as the implications for school policy and practice. (American Federation of Teachers and American Institutes for Research, April 2011)...

Making Preschool More Productive: How Classroom Management Training Can Help Teachers - This evaluation of Foundations for Learning found that teachers who were randomly assigned to participate in the program improved the emotional climate of their classrooms and were better able to manage children'’s behavioral challenges. These teachers were also able to increase the amount of instruction time, and their students had fewer conflicts with adults or peers and were more engaged. The researchers also found that the impact on teacher practice persisted into the following year, after the intervention ceased. In contrast, however, the study did not find any lasting impact on children's behaviors during the kindergarten year. (MDRC, November 2010)...

Devil in the Details: An Analysis of State Teacher Dismissal Laws - The push for dismissal reform comes as districts across the country focus on improving human capital systems. Districts recognize that an inability to dismiss poor-performing teachers undermines efforts to ensure that every student is taught by a highly effective instructor. As districts begin implementing more effective evaluation systems that better identify both low- and high-performing teachers, changes will have to be made to dismissal processes to exit those teachers in a fair and efficient manner. (Saba Bireda, Center for American Progress, June 2010)...

Opportunity at the Top: How America's Best Teachers Could Close the Gaps, Raise the Bar, and Keep Our Nation Great - Approximately 64,000 top teachers leave teaching annually, and the best teachers who stay reach no more children than the very worst teachers. If we were to leverage the efforts of our high-performing teachers, retain them through support and encouragement and extend our reach by bold recruiting and dismissal, 87% of classes could be taught by gap-closing, bar-raising teachers, in a mere half-decade. (Bryan Hassel and Emily Hassel, Public Impact, June 2010)...

Governmental and Official Immunity for School Districts and Their Employees: Alive and Well? PDF - This study examines state statutes and major case law applicable to governmental and official immunity of school districts and their employees to negligence liability. Providing the only current, comprehensive, and coherent framework specific to this significant subject, two tables present the applicable features of these two levels of immunity through entries representing various exceptions to each state’s general rule of immunity or liability. The results contradict both the prevailing literature and popular perceptions, showing that both governmental immunity for public school districts and official immunity for public school employees continue to flourish, albeit in a variegated pattern. (Kansas Journal of Law & Public Policy, Peter Maher†, Kelly Price and Perry Zirkel 2010)...

Finding the Teachers We Need - Even those who approach the teacher quality challenge from very different directions agree that there is a need to do something radically different to attract and retain quality teachers, particularly in high-poverty schools and key academic areas. This paper summarizes the contents of the authors’ recent book, A Qualified Teacher in Every Classroom? Appraising Old Answers and New Ideas, which offers a comprehensive look at the teacher quality debate. The paper includes sections on: (1) an overview of the teacher quality debate; (2) alternative certification; (3) the ambiguous nature of current evidence; (4) samples of relevant research; (5) next steps for informing policy; and (6) new directions for policy. (Frederick M. Hess, Andrew J. Rotherham and Kate Walsh, WestEd, 2005)...


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