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State Partnerships for Quality Teacher Preparation PDF - This issue paper examines how the effective use of data, competency-based teacher education standards and current relationships between districts and teacher education programs can lead to powerful partnerships that drive both the continuous improvement of schools and teacher education programs. The paper, which was developed with the support of the National Center for Teacher Transformation, is a result of a meeting of education leaders from throughout the nation that explored how to build effective state partnerships for quality teacher preparation. (Bruce Vandal and Barbara Thompson, Education Commission of the States, May 2009)...

Community Colleges and Teacher Preparation: Roles, Issues and Opportunities PDF - The role of community colleges in preparing the next generation of teachers in U.S. classrooms continues to evolve. In many states, community colleges are becoming critical leaders in efforts to develop a pool of highly effective teachers for states and regions that have demand which far exceeds supply. The result of a meeting between ECS and the National Center for Teacher Transformation, this paper describes a variety of forces in education policy and reform that are providing an important context to the role of community colleges in teacher education. The paper articulates how community colleges can capitalize on their unique attributes as responsive institutions that serve a diverse population of students to meet critical workforce demand in local and regional communities and positively impact the field of teacher education. (Tricia Coulter and Bruce Vandal, Education Commission of the States, May 2007)...

Alternative Certification MS Word PDF - The limited amount of research on whether alternative certification programs are equal, better or worse than traditional programs is inconclusive. What does seem apparent, however, is that alternative certification programs have the ability to recruit and deliver more minority, male and older teachers into urban and rural areas. With federal programs providing increasing support and oversight, and organizations such as NCATE accrediting community college programs, alternative certification programs are not only evolving, but also gaining wider acceptance. (Marga Mikulecky, Gina Shkodriani and Abby Wilner, Education Commission of the States, December 2004)...

No Time to Waste: The Vital Role of College and University Leaders in Improving Science and Mathematics Education MS Word - This paper focuses on what is increasingly seen as the major stumbling block to fundamental and lasting change – the quantity, quality and classroom practices of science and mathematics teachers – and on what higher-education leaders can and must do address it. (Ted Sanders, Education Commission of the States, October 2004)...

Who's in Charge Here? The Changing Landscape of Teacher Preparation in America MS Word - Who governs teacher preparation? Are there some new ways of thinking about how this complex, divided, semi-profession of teaching should be professionally prepared? This paper attempts to answer these questions. It also includes three different state partnership models, which describe the different manifestations of school-university teacher preparation partnerships that are developing across the nation. (Charles Coble, Roy Edelfelt and Jan Kettlewell, Education Commission of the States, September 2004)...

Eight Questions on Teacher Preparation: What Does the Research Say? - Interpreting the findings of education research in an unbiased fashion is critical for policymakers to make accurate, informed decisions to improve their schools. This report looks at what 92 research studies tell us about teacher preparation. This report is the first in a series of reports on teaching quality that ECS will release in 2003 and 2004. Subsequent reports will focus on what the research says about teacher recruitment and retention, licensure and certification, and professional development. (Michael B. Allen, Education Commission of the States, August 2003)...

Seamless Pipeline from Two-year to Four-year Institutions for Teacher Training PDF - This report reviews the transfer and articulation of teacher candidates from two- to four-year institutions. It discusses ways to improve transfer policies such as common course numbering and common core classes, and offers state examples. (Gina Shkodriani, Education Commission of the States, December 2003)...

Teacher Education Baccalaureate Degrees at Community Colleges PDF - This paper discusses community colleges that independently offer bachelor of arts programs in education without a four-year university partnership. It includes state examples, implications, policy challenges and policy recommendations. (Gina Shkodriani, Education Commission of the States, December 2003)...

Teaching Quality: A National Perspective MS Word - A growing body of evidence confirms that quality teaching is the single most influential determinant of student academic success, outside of home and family. Some recent policy trends in ensuring the best teachers are in our classrooms include increased accountability of teachers and schools for value-added evidence of student learning, exploring alternative routes into the teaching profession, and community colleges' role in teacher preparation. (Charles Coble and Jennifer Piscatelli, Education Commission of the States, State Education Leader, Fall 2002)...

The Progress of Education Reform 1999-2001: Teacher Preparation and Induction MS Word PDF - It is the end of "business as usual" for teacher preparation programs and now imperative to address what is considered essential elements of effective teacher preparation and induction programs. (Michael Allen, The Progress of Education Reform, Education Commission of the States, vol. 2, no. 3, October-November 2000)...

Changing Demands on Teacher Education and Professional Development PDF - Teacher education has to change. The ways we have recruited, prepared and supported teachers in the past – and too often in the present – no longer are sufficient. Society has changed, schools have changed, and so must teacher preparation and professional development. (From Transforming Postsecondary Education for the 21st Century: Briefing Papers, Governor James B. Hunt Jr. and Molly Corbett Broad, Education Commission of the States, June 1999)...

The NCTAF/Fordham Debate MS Word - This links to the highlights of the March 26, 2000, debate between Linda Darling-Hammond and Chester Finn Jr., on the paths to teacher quality. Many good resources. (Education Commission of the States, 2000)...

Teacher Preparation and Professional Development: A View from the Corporate Sector MS Word - Does education have anything to learn from the private sector about the preparation and continuing education of teachers? In March 1999, 25 key leaders from around the country joined to address this issue. Participants included corporate executives, private-sector training consultants, education researchers, state policy advisors and several ECS staff members. This document offers several private-sector recommendations that were developed at this conference. (Michael Allen, Education Commission of the States, July 1999)...

Resources on Teacher Preparation & Induction MS Word - Additional resources on teacher quality, some of which may not be available through the Internet. (Education Commission of the States, 2000)...

Service-Learning and Preservice Teacher Education MS Word - Describes the reasons service-learning is used in preservice teacher education, examines challenges to its use and strategies for success, and presents examples of successful programs. Also offers suggestions and resources to assist P-12 school systems and education leaders in making policy decisions that will maximize service-learning's impact. (Jeffrey B. Anderson, Learning in Deed, Compact for Learning and Citizenship, Education Commission of the States, May 2000)...

Improving Teacher Quality Around the World: The International Summit on the Teaching Profession - This document discusses lessons shared during a two-day event held in New York City in March 2011. The summit marked the first-ever convening of education ministers, teachers, and union leaders from high-performing and rapidly improving countries and regions. Discussions were framed around four overarching themes: teacher recruitment and preparation; development, support, and retention of teachers; teacher evaluation and compensation; and teacher engagement in reform. Plans are already underway to convene a second international summit in spring 2012. (Asia Society, March 2011)...

Teaching for a New World: Preparing High School Educators to Deliver College- and Career-Ready Instruction - In a rapidly changing world, education must keep pace. From the very first day new teachers walk into their classrooms, they need to be ready to deliver high-quality education to every single student in the room. It is time for a dedicated investment at all levels to overhaul teacher education and put our country on the path toward a brighter future. (M Miller, Alliance for Excellent Education, November 2009)...

An Evaluation of Teachers Trained Through Different Routes to Certification - This study addresses two questions related to teacher preparation and certification routes: 1) How do observed teacher practices vary by chosen route to certification; and 2) What aspects of certification programs are associated with teacher effectiveness. (Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education, February 2009)...

Teacher Quality in a Changing Policy Landscape: Improvements in the Teacher Pool - A confluence of federal, state and local initiatives has improved teacher quality over the past 10 years. Prospective teachers who took Praxis assessments for teacher licensure from 2002 through 2005 tended to have higher SAT scores and higher college GPAs than test takers from eight years before. However, the demographics of the more recent Praxis test takers has changed little. Teachers still are predominantly white, female and native English speakers. (Drew Gitomer, ETS, December 2007)...

Educating Researchers - This is the third in a series of policy reports on the results of a four-year study of America’s education schools. This report focuses on the need for quality education research and on the preparation of the scholars and researchers who conduct it. (Arthur Levine, The Education Schools Project, April 2007) ...

The Secretary's Fifth Annual Report on Teacher Quality: A Highly Qualified Teacher in Every Classroom - This annual report on teacher quality presents the data collected by states from postsecondary institutions, alternative route teacher preparation programs, testing companies and the states’ own accountability systems. The 2005 data reported by the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the outlying areas show both progress toward the nation’s goal of a highly qualified teacher in every classroom and areas where work is needed to make improvements. (U.S. Department of Education, 2006) ...

Educating School Teachers - This report focuses on the education of classroom teachers, and finding that the nation’s teacher education programs are inadequately preparing their graduates to meet the realities of today’s standards-based, accountability-driven classrooms, in which the primary measure of success is student achievement. The report provides an examination of the successes and failures of university-based teacher education programs, offers “criteria for excellence” on which to judge the quality of programs and sets forth a comprehensive five-point plan for improving programs and changing teacher-education policy. (Arthur Levine, The Education Schools Project, September 2006) ...

What Education Schools Aren’t Teaching about Reading and What Elementary Teachers Aren’t Learning - This study attempts to learn what aspiring teachers are taught about reading instruction. From a randomly selected, representative sample of 72 education schools, 223 required reading courses are reviewed, including evaluations of syllabi as well as 227 required reading texts. Schools were scored on how well their courses presented the core components of the science of reading. Findings include: (1) only 15% of the education schools provide future teachers with minimal exposure to the science; (2) course syllabi reveal a tendency to dismiss the scientific research in reading, continuing to espouse approaches to reading that will not serve up to 40% of all children; and (3) course texts were equally disappointing. Only four of the 227 texts were rated as “acceptable” for use as a general, comprehensive textbook. The report closes with recommendations to ameliorate this serious failure in adequately preparing teachers in the best practices of reading instruction. (Kate Walsh, Deborah Glaser and Danielle Dunne Wilcox, National Council on Teacher Quality, May 2006) ...

Does Teacher Preparation Matter? Evidence about Teacher Certification, Teach for America, and Teacher Effectiveness - This study examines whether certified teachers are, in general, more effective than those who have not met the testing and training requirements for certification, and whether some candidates with strong liberal arts backgrounds might be at least as effective as teacher education graduates. The paper also examines the effectiveness of Teach for America (TFA) candidates. The report finds that certified teachers consistently produce significantly stronger student achievement gains than do uncertified teachers, a finding that also applies to uncertified TFA teachers. (Linda Darling-Hammond, Deborah J. Holtzman, Su Jin Gatlin and Julian Vasquez Heilig, Stanford University, 2005)...

A Good Teacher in Every Classroom: Preparing the Highly Qualified Teachers Our Children Deserve - The same problems that face teacher education affect all professional education. The curriculum for teacher education should be shaped both by what teachers need to learn and by how they learn. This means, first of all, that the content should be organized so that teachers gain a mental map of what is involved in effective teaching and what factors influence student learning. The domains outlined in this report provide the elements of such a map and create a foundation on which teachers can continue to build. With this schema for their work and learning, teachers can seek out and add knowledge about specific techniques throughout their careers. (Linda Darling-Hammond and Joan Baratz-Snowden, Pi Lambda Theta, 2005)...

Preparing Teachers Around the World - This study compares teacher education and certification policies in the United States with those in Australia, England, Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, the Netherlands and Singapore. The authors found that while the structure and content of undergraduate teacher education programs are similar, screening criteria are more rigorous and are applied earlier in the teacher education and certification pipeline in most of these countries, compared to the United States. (Aubrey H. Wang, Ashaki B. Coleman, Richard J. Coley and Richard P. Phelps, Educational Testing Service, May 2003)...

Interpret With Caution: The First State Title II Reports on the Quality of Teacher Preparation - The standards movement challenges American teachers as never before. It asks them to get all of their students to levels that used to be achieved by only a few. Teachers themselves worry about whether they are prepared for this challenge. This analysis claims that this accounting of the quality of teacher preparation falls short of providing policymakers and the public with basic information on how many of its teachers meet prescribed professional standards, how those teachers are distributed across districts and how well colleges and universities are preparing teachers to teach in a standards-based system. (Sandra Huang, Yun Yi and Kati Haycock, Education Trust, June 2002)...

Testing Teaching Candidates: The Role of Licensure Tests in Improving Teacher Quality - Teacher licensure exams provide important clues about the knowledge and skills of prospective precollegiate educators, but such tests should never be used as the sole measure of an aspiring teacher's abilities. Yet 42 states and the federal government not only rely heavily on test scores to judge the quality of teachers and their teacher preparation programs, but they also link those results directly and indirectly to funding, the study found. The report was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Education and prepared by the National Research Council, and is available from The National Academy Press. (Karen J. Mitchell, David Z. Robinson, Barbara S. Plake and Kaeli T. Knowles, Editors, National Academy Press, 2001)....


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