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Leadership--Principal/SchoolWhat States Are Doing
 
  LEADERSHIP--PRINCIPAL/SCHOOL
 
Overview
What States Are Doing
Selected Research & Readings
Policy Questions
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 Compensation and Diversified Pay
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Leadership--District Superintendent


As the issue of leadership grows more prominent nationally, many states and districts are beginning to look at various measures to improve school administration.

Some, such as Boston and New York City, are adopting recruitment incentives to lure people into administration, including signing bonuses and salary increases. Oklahoma is among states that have restructured administrator licensure requirements and are wrestling with the issue of what experience and qualifications principals and superintendents need. Other states are improving administrator preparation programs. Louisiana, for example, has established a "principals' academy" at one of its public universities. Such "principals' academies" or "principals' institutes" are generally master's degree programs for working educators and often focus on preparing administrators to work in hard-to-staff schools.

Philadelphia is taking steps to cultivate senior teachers or lower-level administrators for the principalship through alternative preparation or apprenticeship programs. Alabama is developing mentoring programs for new principals along the line of induction programs for new teachers.

In addition, districts increasingly are linking student and school performance to principals' salary increases.

Additional summaries of state policies are included below.

From the ECS State Policy Database: Leadership--Principal/School Leadership--Professional Development - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Leadership--Principal/School Leadership - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Leadership--Principal/School Leadership--Induction Programs and Mentoring - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Leadership - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

K-12 Governance - This database contains information about statewide K-12 leadership policies in the 50 states. Five specific leadership policy areas are listed, and each contains a link to a 50-state scan of the policies for that issue. (Education Commission of the States, 2008)...

Leading for Early Success: Building School Principals' Capacity to Lead High-Quality Early Education - To better prepare and support elementary school principals, state leaders should redefine what principals should know and do through improved standards and licensure requirements, according to a recent report. Also, they should develop more stringent state accreditation criteria for principal preparation programs, and embed early childhood education in those programs. Existing principals need professional development opportunities on promoting quality P-3 instruction. (National Governors Association, May 2013)...

The State of Leadership: Public School Principals in Illinois - Despite the recent attention at the national level brought about by components in the Race to the Top, research on principals has lagged behind teacher's research. The authors assembled data on Illinois principals from 2001-2008 and analyzed patterns in the distribution of principals in three sections: demographics, experience and academic background. "Demographics" revealed more racially diverse and the proportion of female principals doubled between 1990 and 2009. "Experience" revealed the state's principals are younger and less experienced except in disadvantaged schools. "Academic background" showed that high school principals tend to have stronger background than elementary and middle school and principals in the most disadvantaged schools typically have weaker academic backgrounds than those in more affluent schools. (Illinois Education Research Council, 2010)...


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