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Leadership--Principal/SchoolWhat States Are Doing (Additional Resources)
What States Are Doing
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Leadership--District Superintendent

As the issue of leadership grows more prominent nationally, many states and districts are beginning to look at various measures to improve school administration.

Some, such as Boston and New York City, are adopting recruitment incentives to lure people into administration, including signing bonuses and salary increases. Oklahoma is among states that have restructured administrator licensure requirements and are wrestling with the issue of what experience and qualifications principals and superintendents need. Other states are improving administrator preparation programs. Louisiana, for example, has established a "principals' academy" at one of its public universities. Such "principals' academies" or "principals' institutes" are generally master's degree programs for working educators and often focus on preparing administrators to work in hard-to-staff schools.

Philadelphia is taking steps to cultivate senior teachers or lower-level administrators for the principalship through alternative preparation or apprenticeship programs. Alabama is developing mentoring programs for new principals along the line of induction programs for new teachers.

In addition, districts increasingly are linking student and school performance to principals' salary increases.

Additional summaries of state policies are included below.

Mentor Programs for Leaders: A Policy Scan MS Word PDF - This ECS StateNote provides examples of statewide mentoring and internship programs for K-12 school leaders and examines recent trends in the states. (John Hancock, Education Commission of the States, October 2005)...

Statewide Leadership Academies: 50-State Report MS Word PDF - This report profiles statewide leadership academies in the 50 states that are established in statute and offer services to school leaders across the state. Highlights include: (1) most programs are funded through a mixture of private-sector contributions, grant money and state funding, and It remains to be seen whether many programs are sustainable after their founding grants expire; and (2) curricula vary widely across academies, but most academies use the Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium standards for school leaders as a foundation and make alterations to the framework according to their state context. (Arika Long and Angela Baber, Education Commission of the States, October 2005)...

Administrator License Requirements, Portability, Waivers and Alternative Certification MS Word PDF - This ECS StateNote contains information on license requirements, portability, waivers and alternative certification for administrators and allows for comparing across states. (Katy Anthes, Education Commission of the States, April 2004)...

State Policy Scan on Distributed Leadership Structures in Education MS Word PDF - This ECS StateNote is a glance at what states are doing or considering regarding distributed leadership, which can refer to a variety of ways of delegating responsibilities for instructional leadership, staff development and staff mentorship. (Katy Anthes, Education Commission of the States, March 2003)...

Perceptions of the Impact of Accountability on the Role of Principals - This article describes and discusses a study of elementary, middle and high school principals' perceptions of the state-wide educational accountability program in North Carolina. Respondents indicated that the state's accountability program has had its greatest impact on how they monitored student achievement, aligned the curriculum to the testing program, provided student remedial or tutorial opportunities, assigned teachers to grades levels or subjects and protected instructional time. Views of some components were viewed favorably. In contrast, NCLB's AYP requirement, testing requirements for limited English proficiency students and special education students and other components were perceived more negatively. (James E. Lyons and Bob Algozzine, Education Policy Analysis Archives, June 2006) ...

Strengthening the Work of School Boards in Pennsylvania - This paper argues that the trend of school reform that started in 1983 has been too focused at the federal and state level, neglecting the importance of local school governance. The authors contend that more effort should now be spent defining roles and improving the effectiveness of local school boards and their members in Pennsylvania. (The Education Policy and Leadership Center, March 2004) ...

Elected vs. Appointed Superintendents: Questions and Answers, A Legislative Briefing Paper - At the request of the Tennessee General Assembly, this report is in a question and answer format that provides information regarding the selection method of superintendents in that state. (John G. Morgan, State of Tennessee, November 2003)...

SAELP National Consortium Grants Awarded MS Word - The State Action for Education Leadership (SAELP) National Consortium has awarded grants to 15 states to support efforts that promote school leadership. The grants are funded as part of the LEADERS Count project of the Wallace-Reader's Digest Funds. This summary describes the projects in the 15 grant-winning states....

Schools Need Good Leaders Now: State Progress in Creating a Learning-CenteredSchool Leadership System - Only three southern states - Alabama, Louisiana and Maryland - have made "promising" progress on indicators to create cutting-edge, effective school leadership, according to this report. Policymakers must adopt strategies to ensure strong principals are being prepared, recruited and supported to help turn around low-performing schools and strengthen all schools.(Southern Regional Education Board, 2007)...

What States Are Doing Current

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