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Leadership--Principal/SchoolRecruitment and RetentionSelected Research & Readings (Additional Resources)
 
  LEADERSHIP--PRINCIPAL/SCHOOL
 RECRUITMENT AND RETENTION
 
 What States Are Doing
 Selected Research & Readings
 Key Questions
 




The Attributes and Career Paths of Principals: Implications for Improving Policy - This paper examines the attributes and career paths of New York principals. Among the authors’ findings: there is in fact a shortage of principals that will continue to grow, low-performing schools tend to have the least experienced principals, paths to principalship vary greatly and compensation for urban principals is generally low. (Frank C. Papa Jr., Hamilton Lankford and James Wyckoff, University at Albany, SUNY, March 2002)...

Beyond the Pipeline: Getting the Principals We Need, Where They Are Needed Most - Policies aimed solely at producing more certified principals fail to address the main challenges that many districts face in attracting and keeping high-quality school leaders, according to this policy brief. Such challenges include inadequate incentives, counter-productive hiring practices and regulatory hurdles. (The Wallace Foundation, 2003)...

Are Schools Facing a Shortage of Qualified Administrators? - The present document suggests that the current cries of a national shortage of school administrators are unfounded. Administrators are not abandoning their posts, either for positions serving fewer disadvantaged students or for other job sectors altogether. Nonetheless, the researchers identify concerns, such as the potentially high principal retirement rate in the coming years, which should be addressed to ensure a pool of quality administrators in the future. (RAND Research Brief, RAND, 2003)...

Better Leaders for America's Schools: A Manifesto - This report starts with the premise that to have great schools and great school systems, schools must have great leaders. The report examines solutions to finding skilled leaders, including reducing conventional certification requirements, recruiting leaders from inside and outside the education field, and increasing compensation for principals and superintendents. (The Broad Foundation, The Thomas B. Fordham Foundation, May 2003)...

A Matter of Definition: Is There Truly a Shortage of School Principals? - Based on surveys and interviews of human resource directors and district superintendents, this report suggests there is no shortage of certified applicants. In addition, the researchers discovered that superintendents and human resource directors have significantly different criteria for judging candidates. (Marguerite Roza, with Mary Beth Celio, James Harvey and Susan Wishon, Center on Reinventing Public Education, University of Washington, January 2003)...

Patterns of Excellence: Policy Perspectives on Diversity in Teaching and School Leadership - Reviewing the Southern Education Foundation's 15-year investment in the minority school personnel pipeline, this report offers eight policy recommendations to improve leadership supply, quality and diversity. These recommendations include supporting the involvement of historically black colleges and universities in pipeline programs, targeting nontraditional talent pools and supporting programs built on university-school district collaboration. (Leslie T. Fenwick, The Southern Education Foundation, November 2001)...

Retaining Principals - This digest explores reasons, other than retirement, that school principals leave their jobs and offers strategies districts can employ to retain them. Some suggestions include: (1) job sharing, where two principals divide tasks between them according to their skill area; (2) an increased level of professional development; (3) financial support for sabbaticals; (4) a family friendly environment and (4) redesigning the organizational structure of the job. (Elizabeth Hertling, ERIC Digest 147, April 2001)...

The Changing Face of Leadership Preparation - In the past decade, nearly every program component used to educate school leaders has been found inadequate, according to this article. The principalship faces many problems, including recruitment, preparation program standards and standards of performance. The author suggests that successful leadership requires new definitions and expectations. (Joseph Murphy, The School Administrator, American Association of School Administrators, November 2001)...

The Shortage of Principals Continues - In this "Principals' Perspective" column, the executive directors of NAESP (National Association of Elementary School Principals) and NASSP (National Association of Secondary School Principals explore the current principal shortage that states nationwide are reporting. The authors submit that taking on a principalship requires more hours and sometimes less pay and job security than being a teacher. In an effort to resolve the problem, NAESP and NASSP lobby for federal professional development funds, initiate rigorous teaching standards and encourage others to use creative approaches to the developing, training and hiring of principals. (Vincent L. Ferrandino and Gerald N. Tirozzi, NAESP, October 18, 2000)...

Trends and Issues: By the Numbers - This site offers a quick look at the statistics of public and private school principals. It includes numerical profiles of major aspects of educational organization, personnel, finance and achievement. Some examples include: (1) the typical principal spends 54 hours per week in work-related activities; (2) In 1998, 42% of principals were female; and (3) thirty percent of K-8 principals have no tenure protection. (ERIC, Clearinghouse on Educational Management, 2001)...

Trends and Issues: Training of School Administrators/Attrition - The conflicting advice and ambiguous roles school leaders live with can cause intolerable stress and lead to illness, divorce or other life-changing consequences. Part of a Web site on the training of school administrators, this page gives a brief description of the challenges and expectations that may cause education leaders to retire early. (ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, 2001)...


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