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AccountabilityWhat States Are Doing (Additional Resources)
 
  ACCOUNTABILITY
 
What States Are Doing
Selected Research & Readings
S&P Case Studies
Other Web Sites
 Measures/Indicators
 Rewards
 Reporting Results
 School Improvement
 


Accountability--Sanctions/Interventions
Assessment
No Child Left Behind--Assessment
No Child Left Behind--Consequences for Schools
Standards


High School-Level Accountability PDF - This ECS StateNote reports the measures or indicators states use for public reporting of the school's performance, the method used to provide notice to schools falling below expectations and the supports offered to assist the school in raising performance, the sanctions which a state may turn to for ensuring performance improves, and the rewards offered to schools by the state when performance heightens. (Melodye Bush, Education Commission of the States, December 2008)...

High School-Level Accountability - This database provides 50-state information on numerous areas related to accountability, including indicators used for determining performance and public reporting, supports provided to struggling schools, sanctions and rewards. (Melodye Bush, Education Commission of the States, October 2007)...

State Education Oversight Commissions MS Word PDF - This ECS StateNote looks at how states structure and use education commissions. (Molly Burke and Kathy Christie, Education Commission of the States, September 2005)...

Accountability Policy Inventory & Analysis Tool MS Word - ECS created a 38-question accountability policy inventory (see Appendix A), collected three years of accountability information for all 50 states and the District of Columbia, and designed a Web-based tool that enables ECS staff to run policy trend and gap analyses. The purpose of the inventory and tool is to help education leaders understand current accountability approaches, foster dialogues about desired approaches, identify promising strategies, and improve state and local education accountability systems.(Education Commission of the States, 2004)...

Charter Districts: The State of the Field MS Word PDF - In more and more places across the country, states and districts are significantly altering how they govern public education. An interesting recent development is charter districts – also referred to as all-charter districts – in which all or most of the schools are charter or contract schools. Rather than operating schools themselves, these districts enter into charters or contracts with individuals and entities to run schools - which may be newly created charter schools or existing schools that convert to charter status. Through the charters or contracts, the district extends autonomy and resources to schools, and at the same time holds them accountable for student achievement. This policy brief examines the various ways in which states and districts are creating charter districts. (Elizabeth Valsing, Bryan Hassel, Victoria Maslow and Todd Ziebarth, Education Commission of the States, October 2003, 2003)...

Improving Academic and Operational Performance: Pennsylvania MS Word - Pennsylvania's Interboro School District is using growing budget challenges as an opportunity to analyze spending against desired results. Starting from a premise that the district can redirect resources toward "spending differently, not more," Interboro follows a disciplined approach that relies on data from national, state and local sources to assess and compare operational and academic performance. (Education Commission of the States, April 2003)...

Using State, Intermediary and Local Partners To Improve Academic Achievement: Missouri MS Word - The heads of several state agencies in Missouri came together with community representatives to define the outcomes they wanted for children and families. Success was achieved by providing funding to intermediary entities charged with coordinating the work of communities and state agencies at the local level. This case study describes how each level in the system worked together to achieve positive results for children and families. (Education Commission of the States, April 2003)...

A Multi-Tiered Approach to Educational Excellence: North Carolina MS Word - The Wake Education Partnership in North Carolina is an example of a private-public partnership organized to achieve measurable improvement in school performance. With an emphasis on community involvement, the partnership also incorporates elements of the quality and professionalism models to facilitate positive and effective changes in education. Data, communication, training and facilitation in large and small groups are hallmarks of the partnership’s success, as is the belief that ownership and accountability by the community affords the best opportunity for sustained improvement. (Education Commission of the States, December 2002) ...

Improving Academic and Operational Performance: Michigan MS Word - The Grandville, Michigan, school district uses data extensively to address a number of operational and academic issues within its schools. Using a combination of internal reports as well as sources such as Standard and Poor’s School Evaluation Services, they have learned that using data transforms the way they look at and communicate about problems, and ultimately resolve them. (Education Commission of the States, December 2002)...

Strengthening Quality in Schools: New Mexico MS Word - New Mexico is using the Malcolm Baldrige Award criteria to create a climate of continuous improvement in its education system. This case study examines how one New Mexico school, Mesilla Park Elementary, is deploying quality principles in all its classrooms. Using data and communicating performance have proven effective strategies for improving academic performance. (Education Commission of the States, December 2002)...

Performance-Based Accountability Systems MS Word - Information about the components (multiple indicators, standards, assessments, rewards and sanctions) that comprise each state's accountability system are provided. State statute or regulation citations are also included. This multi-state compilation was taken from an ECS publication, "Education Accountability Systems in the 50 States." (Judith Mathers, Education Commission of the States, April 1999)...

Governors' Proposals: State Policy and Public Education, 1998 MS Word - In capitols across this nation, legislators gathered in the early months of 1998 to hear their governor's state-of-the-state address. Many issues are of common concern across states, including taxes, infrastructure development and maintenance, crime, environmental quality, health and public education. This paper discusses these common concerns with an emphasis on proposed K-12 public education policies. (Education Commission of the States, September 1998)...

What Is the Penny Buying for South Carolina? - Passage of the Education Improvement Act (EIA) in 1984 increased South Carolina’s sales tax by a penny to fund a variety of programs and services to: (1) enhance student achievement; (2) strengthen teacher training, evaluation and compensation; (3) improve school leadership, management and fiscal efficiency; (4) implement accountability measures; (5) create more effective partnerships among schools, parents, community and business; and (6) provide school buildings conducive to improved student learning. The EIA requires that an annual assessment of EIA-funded education reform efforts be submitted to the legislature each year. This assessment report is in two parts: the first is an update on the state’s child development program for four-year-olds, providing data from longitudinal studies of later academic achievement to the 7th grade conducted by the department of education; the second is a descriptive report, which has been prepared by an outside contractor, on the South Carolina School Improvement Council and its work. (South Carolina State Board of Education, December 2006)...

Perceptions of the Impact of Accountability on the Role of Principals - This article describes and discusses a study of elementary, middle and high school principals' perceptions of the state-wide educational accountability program in North Carolina. Respondents indicated that the state's accountability program has had its greatest impact on how they monitored student achievement, aligned the curriculum to the testing program, provided student remedial or tutorial opportunities, assigned teachers to grades levels or subjects and protected instructional time. Views of some components were viewed favorably. In contrast, NCLB's AYP requirement, testing requirements for limited English proficiency students and special education students and other components were perceived more negatively. (James E. Lyons and Bob Algozzine, Education Policy Analysis Archives, June 2006) ...

Delaware School Accountability: Delaware Student Testing Program - Delaware’s accountability system determines school performance in several ways. First, it bases performance on the students taught in a school – for at least 91 days per year – and results are allocated across schools for students who attended different schools in different grades. Second, the system holds schools accountable for absolute performance, for improvement from one two-year measurement cycle to the next, and for how well they improve the performance of low-performing students. These three measures determine a school’s performance rating, with additional information to be collected before schools are placed into school improvement status. (Delaware Department of Education, July 2001)...

Learning from the Experience of Others MS Word - State after state has dedicated substantial thought, time, energy and dollars to raising levels of student achievement by passing individual bills and omnibus legislation that attempt to fix entire systems. This Kappan article discusses how important it is that states monitor these efforts to implement change and reform education. In fact, a growing number of states have included provisions that require monitoring of these major reforms so that states can take notes on the consequences of the legislation, whether intended or unintended. (Kathy Christie, Stateline, Phi Delta Kappan, October 2001) ...

Summary of EdSource Standards Survey Findings - This survey of California school principals explores how the state’s new standards-based reforms affect instruction and school capacity for helping students achieve state standards. Among the major findings: principals in schools that serve predominantly poor students are more likely to see student and community characteristics as the most significant impediments to meeting state standards. The full report can be purchased from EdSource for $5 by phone at: 650.917.9481 or on the Web at: EdSource. (EdSource, May 2001)...

Tough Love: State Accountability Policies Push Student Achievement - This issue of the Southwest Educational Development Leader’s (SEDL) Insights on Education Policy, Practice and Research explores the current accountability movement and outlines the progress states in the southwest region have made in implementing their accountability policies. It includes examples from these states as well as from other states across the country in assessment, public reporting and rewards and sanctions. It also discusses the issues of equity, continuous improvement, capacity and safeguarding in accountability systems. (Southwest Educational Development Laboratory, Insights, August 2000)...

The Validity of Gains in Scores on the Kentucky Instructional Results Information System (KIRIS) - KIRIS provides monetary rewards to schools that exceed assessment standards and sanctions schools that are below target standards. This report studies the validity of score increases on KIRIS from 1992 to 1996. Findings indicate that scores on new assessments may be due to increasing educator familiarity with the tests and item-specific coaching, rather than improved student learning. The report suggests that rewarding schools on the basis of these gains may be unwarranted and provides suggestions for avoiding inflated score gains including: setting realistic goals for improvement, designing assessments to minimize narrowed instruction and teaching to the test, lessening accountability emphasis and broadening accountability systems to take into account other indicators of education practice besides test scores. (Daniel Koretz and Sheila Barron, RAND, 1998)...


What States Are Doing Current

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