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Are Charter Schools Working? A Review of the Evidence - An update to 2008 and 2011 reviews on charter schools' effects on student achievement finds they produce results on a par with or better than district-run schools, particularly in math. KIPP schools have a significantly positive effect on both reading and math achievement. African American students in charter schools tend to do better than their peers in district schools, but at the high school level, there is no overall significant effect. (Patrick Denice, Center on Reinventing Public Education, August 2014)...

Analysis of Academy School Performance in the 2011 and 2012 GCSEs. - Academy (charter) schools outperformed their state school counterparts, according to this study from the United Kingdom. In 2012, a larger percentage of students gained the reached the the government's benchmark and got higher average scores on the General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE). However, when researchers compared schools by excluding GCSE-equivalent results such as the National Vocational Qualifications and focused on GCSE examinations, they found no difference between academy and state schools. (Simon Rutt and Ben Styles, Local Government Association and NFER, November 2013)...

Charter School Demand and Effectiveness: A Boston Update - Attending a charter school in Boston significantly boosts test scores and proficiency. Biggest gains on standardized tests in Boston charter schools were for minorities and for English language learners. Those most likely to succeed in Boston charter schools were least likely to enroll in them, especially in middle school. (Sarah R. Cohodes et al., The Boston Foundation and New Schools Venture Fund, October 2013)...

Public Charter School Success: A Summary of the Current Research on Public Charters' Effectiveness at Improving Student Achievement - Provides summaries published since 2010 of new high-quality studies of charter-school performance using longitudinal student data. Three national studies and 10 regional ones found positive academic performance in public charter schools compared to traditional public schools. (National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, April 2013)...

KIPP Middle Schools: Impacts on Achievement and Other Outcomes - Mathematica researchers found that the Knowledge Is Power Program (KIPP) has a positive, statistically significant effect on the achievement of middleschoolers and there were few signs that KIPP was "creaming" better students. New KIPP students tended to be low-achieving, low-income and non-white, though they are less likely to have been classified as having limited English proficiency. The report is 180 pages. Key findings are on pages 67 and 68. (Christina Clark Tuttle et al., Mathematica Policy Research, February 2013)...

Charter School Growth and Replication (Executive Summary) - Handy for people who don't want to read the two volumes that is Charter School Growth and Replication, the executive summary gives you the meat: It's possible to have an excellent charter school from Day One, the degree of quality they exhibit at the beginning is likely the degree of quality they'll keep, and charter management organizations - replications of the first school - post stronger academic gains for students of color and students in poverty. (Center for Research on Education Outcomes, January 30, 2013)...

Charter School Growth and Replication Volume I - Part of a two-volume set looking at charter schools over time and as they replicate, Volume I follows thousands of charter schools for their first five years. Researchers found it's possible for a charter to be excellent from Day One and that charters indicate early on how they'll perform in the future. Volume I ends with some charters growing into organizations of multiple schools. (Center for Research on Education Outcomes, January 2013)...

Charter School Growth and Replication Volume II - Part of a two-volume set looking at charter school growth and replication, Volume II analyzes charter management organizations (CMOs). While in the aggregate, CMOs are pretty average, they post superior results with historically disadvantaged subgroups. (James L. Woodworth, Margaret E. Raymond, Center for Research on Education Outcomes, January 2013)...

The Impact of Charter Schools on Public and Private School Enrollments - This study analyzes district-level enrollment patterns for all states with charter schools, isolating how charter schools affect traditional public and private school enrollments. The study concludes that, while most students are drawn from traditional public schools, charter schools are pulling large numbers of students from the private education market and present a potentially devastating impact on the private education market, as well as a serious increase in the financial burden on taxpayers. (CATO Institute, August 2012) ...

The Effects of School Vouchers on College Enrollment: Experimental Evidence from New York City - In the first study, using a randomized experiment to measure the impact of school vouchers on college enrollment, Matthew Chingos and Paul Peterson, professor of government at Harvard University, examine the college-going behavior through 2011 of students who participated in a voucher experiment as elementary school students in the late 1990s. They find no overall impacts on college enrollment but do find large, statistically significant positive impacts on the college going of African-American students who participated in the study. (Brown Center on Education Policy at Brookings, August 2012)...

The Effect of Charter Schools on Student Achievement: A Meta-Analysis of the Literature - Unlike traditional public schools, charters may be shut down by their authorizers for poor performance. But how is charter school performance measured? What are the effects of charter schools on student achievement? Assessing literature that uses either experimental (lottery) or student-level growth-based methods, this analysis infers the causal impact of attending a charter school on student performance. (Julian Betts and Emily Tang, National Charter School Research Project, October 2011) ...

WWC Quick Review of the Report “Charter School Performance in Indiana” - A quick Review of a study examining the effect of charter school attendance on annual student achievement growth in math and reading. The study analyzed data from a large sample of students in grades 4 through 9 in Indiana from 2004 to 2008. The study examined changes in students’ standardized reading and math test scores from one school year to the next. Effects were estimated by comparing the test-score changes of charter school students with those of matched students attending traditional public schools. (IES, October 2011)...

Leadership Practices and School Choice - The study took a twofold approach to examine the leadership practices of school principals across school choice types and traditional public schools. First, researchers examined principal practices among school types in terms of challenges, role focus and time spent on core leadership tasks. Second, they probed the two types of charter school structures--independent and those affiliated with a management organization...

What Makes KIPP Work? A Study of Student Characteristics, Attrition and Schol Finance - This study examines two inputs: students and funding. The study is national in scope and compares student attrition at KIPP schools with local school districts. The second topic is an analysis of KIPP revenues and patterns of expenditures. (Western Michigan University, March 2011)...

Do Charter Schools Crowd Out Private School Enrollment? Evidence from Michigan - Numerous studies have been conducted on the effects of charter schools on student achievement. This study departs from the existing literature by investigating the effect of charter schools on enrollment in private schools. Michigan was focused on because there was a significant spread of charter schools in the 1990s. They did find robust evidence of a decline in enrollment in private schools but the effect was only modest in size. (Federal Reserve Bank of New York, February 2011)...

Research Allocation and Performance Management in Charter Schools: Connections to Student Success - Rather than asking "Are charter schools working?" the better questions to ask might be, "Which charter schools are effective and which are not?" and "What explains the differences between the two?" In an attempt to answer these questions, the current study focused on one unique charter school--Chicago International Charter School. Key findings: (1) Student achievement and education management organization (EMO) spending could not be linked; (2) The success of the school can be attributed to a mission-driven approach to education that focuses on high-quality instruction, insistence on a disciplined environment and ongoing performance evaluation; and (3) Collaborative processes and the clear delineation of duties between the school and the EMO contribute to the success. (National Center on School Choice, October 2010)...

WWC Quick Review: Student Characteristics and Achievement in 22 KIPP Middle Schools - This study examined the effect of the Knowledge is Power Program (KIPP) on reading and mathematics achievement in 5th-8th-grade students. The study analyzed scores on state assessments for more than 5,600 students who attended 22 KIPP middle schools in nine states and Washington, DC, in the 2000s. Students were followed for one to four years, depending on data availability, and the study standardized all test scores so they could be compared across states. (Institute of Education Sciences, September 2010)...

Parallel Patterns: Teacher Attrition in Charter vs. District Schools - This report examines teacher turnover in charter schools and how it resembles and differs from teacher turnover in traditional public schools. The authors analyzed state and national data on the career trajectories and opinions of both charter and traditional public school teachers. Overall, the findings suggest that charter school teachers bring a strong commitment to their school's program and the mission but, because of the focus on serving disadvantaged students, they work under demanding conditions that, if left unattended by school leaders, put them at risk of moving schools or leaving the teaching profession. (Betheny Gross and Michael DeArmond, National Charter School Research Project, September 2010)...

WWC Quick Review: Impact Evaluation of Knowledge is Power Program (KIPP) Middle Schools - The study examined the effect of being offered enrollment at a charter middle school on student achievement and behaviors. The study analyzed data from two cohorts of more than 2,100 students in 29 sites across 15 states between 2005 and 2008. Enrollment offers at each charter school were granted by lottery. (Institute of Education Sciences, September 2010)...

Hopes, Fears and Reality: A Balanced Look at American Charter Schools in 2009 - This is the fifth annual report of the National Charter School Research Project. Essays provide updates on charter school growth, look at charters as school turnaround strategy and as a urban school solution, interactions with teacher unions, at the possibility of charters as prompting school districts to become more innovative, and, finally, look at governing boards for charter schools. (Robin Lake, National Charter School Research Project, January 2010)...


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