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Closing the College Participation Gap


College Bound with the What Works Clearinghouse - College application deadlines are looming so here are tips on successful college application and enrollment from a trustworthy source. States could promote these practice guides to inspire counselors and help college-bound students and their families navigate financial aid, exams, applications, and remain enrolled in high school.(What Works Clearinghouse, November 2013)...

High School Benchmarks: National College Progression Rates - For the first time, a national report traces the progress of high school graduates in six categories of high schools, grouped by demographic and geographic characteristics. The schools’ poverty level, determined by eligibility for reduced-price lunches, was the most important correlate to college enrollment. The report allows high schools with similar geographic and demographic characteristics to compare success rates. (National High School Benchmarks Report Fall 2013)...

National College Progression Rates: For High Schools Participating in the National Student Clearinghouse StudentTracker Service - A first-time national report offers benchmarks for public high schools--including those serving low income and minority students--to compare their graduates' college transition rates. The report covers about a quarter of all U.S. high school students from all 50 states in six high school categories: low income, high minority urban; low income, low minority urban; low income rural; higher income, high minority, urban; higher income, low minority, urban and higher income, rural. (National Student Clearinghouse Research Center, October 2013)...

Postsecondary Education - See the Institute for Education Sciences' What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) for recommendations on postsecondary education. The WWC reviews the research on the different programs, products, practices, and policies in education. Then, by focusing on the results from high-quality research, they try to answer the question “What works in education?” The goal is to provide educators with the information they need to make evidence-based decisions. (WWC, September 2013)...

Supporting Latino Community College Students: An Investment in Our Economic Future - Latinos make up the fastest growing population group in the country, yet their completion rate of an associate’s degree or higher is half that of all U.S. adults. Latinos are thwarted by college cost, lack of college knowledge, increased family responsibilities and the need to work. A report released last week suggests if the United States wants to increase its percentage of degree-carrying citizens, policymakers and institutions will need to consider strategies to raise the rate of Latino completion. Authors suggest federal policymakers use Higher Education Act reauthorization to encourage colleges to implement services aligned with retention, completion and employment. Information about financial aid and services should be better targeted, and antiquated eligibility rules should be addressed. (Deborah A. Santiago and Andrew Stettner, Excelencia in Education, Single Stop USA, June 2013)...

Postsecondary Institutions and Cost of Attendance in 2012-13; Degrees and Other Awards Conferred, 2011-12; and 12-Month Enrollment, 2011-12 First Look (Preliminary Data) - Average tuition and fees for full-time, first-time degree/certificate-seeking undergraduates at public and nonprofit 4-year institutions increased from 2010-11 to 2012-13, while tuition and required fees decreased at for-profit 4-year institutions over the same period. See Table 2 for percentage change. (National Center on Education Statistics, 2013)...

The Community College Penalty and Bachelor's Degree Completion: Fact or Fiction? - Part of a series of reports tracking Illinois college students' postsecondary outcomes longitudinally from 2003 through 2010, this study matched students who transferred from Illinois community colleges to students who entered and matriculated through Illinois four-year institutions to determine if there was a disadvantage for transfer students in terms of bachelor's degree completion. Policy implications with regards to community college transfer students and the Illinois longitudinal data system are presented. (Eric J. Lichtenberger and Cecile Dietrich, Illinois Education Research Council, May 2013)...

The Next Generation University - Even as demand increases and the country needs more postsecondary degrees, many public universities are responding to budget pressures by becoming more selective and recruiting more out-of-state and international students. This study focuses on six public research institutions which have expanded enrollment and achieved higher graduation rates in a cost-effective manner as their revenues declined. Similarities and differences among them are discussed as well as what must be done on institutional, state, and national levels. (Selingo etal, Education Policy Program, New America Foundation, May 2013)...

Demography as Destiny: Policy Considerations in Enrollment Management - A confluence of increasing racial/ethnic student composition in higher education and public pressure to improve graduation rates while hurting economically is making life difficult for college administrators. The author concludes that "policymakers and practitioners need to examine issues of affordability, student recruitment, and accountability and to reward institutions for their successes in addressing gaps in educational attainment." This policy brief summarizes the main findings from WICHE's recently released eighth edition of Knocking at the College Door. (Brian T. Prescott, WICHE, April 2013)...

Trends Among Young Adults Over Three Decades, 1974-2006 - This report describes patterns of continuity and change over time in four areas of the transition to adulthood among young adults as measured 2 years after their senior year of high school. The four areas are postsecondary enrollment, labor force roles, family formation, and civic engagement. The analysis population is spring-term high school seniors in 1972, 1980, 1992, and 2004. The data come from four separate NCES sponsored studies: the National Longitudinal Study of the High School Class of 1972 (NLS:72), High School and Beyond (HS&B), the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88), and the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002). (NCES, July 2012)...

Minorities and the Recession-Era College Enrollment Boom - This report shows freshmen enrollment of Hispanics at postsecondary institutions grew by 15% from 2007 to 2008. In the same period, freshmen enrollment for blacks increased by 8%, by 6% for Asians and 3% for whites. The minority postsecondary students tend to be concentrated in community colleges and trade schools more than four-year institutions. The report also characterizes the increase as a "recession-era boom." (Paul Taylor, Richard Fry, Gabriel Velasco and Daniel Dockterman, Pew Research Center, June 2010)...


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