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12 for 2012 - 12 for 2012 is an ECS “read of the field,” built on our scrutiny of new reports and research, and our analysis of emerging drivers of change. The 12 policy areas do not represent an exhaustive list of the critical issues for the coming year, nor is this report intended to dictate your education policy priorities for 2012. Rather, 12 for 2012 is intended to stimulate thinking around how best to craft the “2.0” of powerful policy across the states. (ECS, 2012)...

Labor Intensive or Labor Expensive? Changing Staffing and Compensation Patterns in Higher Education - Assuming that higher education’s workforce must be considered in any analysis of skyrocketing costs, this report looks at employment changes over the past two decades. Growth in administrative jobs was widespread across higher education—but creating new professional positions, rather than executive and managerial positions, is what drove the increase. Professional positions (for example, business analysts, human resources staff, and admissions staff) grew twice as fast as executive and managerial positions at public nonresearch institutions between 2000 and 2012, and outpaced enrollment growth. Meanwhile the number of faculty and staff per administrator continued to decline and part-time faculty and graduate assistants account for at least half of instructional staff. (Donna M. Desrochers and Rita Kirshstein, Delta Cost Project at AIR, February 2014)...

Improving Postsecondary Education Through the Budget Process: Challenges and Opportunities - Business as usual in funding public higher education no longer is possible, according to a report issued by the National Association of State Budget Officers (NASBO). The Great Recession caused state funding to retract and most public universities made up for that loss, in part, by charging more tuition. That has got to stop or at least slow down, says NASBO, which offers interesting ways public universities across the country have found ways to save. Among those solutions: target funding to improve performance, create incentives for increasing access, develop transparent information on higher education spending and results so families can make more informed decisions, increase productivity and efficiency. (Kathryn Vesey White, NASBO, March 2013)...

State Higher Education Finance FY2012 - Higher education is in bad fiscal shape. The State Higher Education Finance report (2012) is just out, concluding the recession’s effects continue with state and local support for public colleges down 7% from 2011, the lowest level in 25 years. Meanwhile, according to the report by State Higher Education Executive Officers (SHEEO), net tuition revenue per student climbed from 23.3% in 1987 to 47% in 2012. State education appropriations vary widely. Take a look at Table 5, page 31, to compare states. ...

College Funding in Context: Understanding the Difference in Higher Education Appropriations Across the States - As state funding for higher education declined over the past 20 years, community colleges and universities responded by raising tuition - 112% at four-year public universities. At the same time a stagnant economy increased the necessity of a good education, causing students and their families to take on unprecedented debt. Factors influencing higher education funding are analyzed and presented so they can be used by stakeholders and advocates to leverage greater support. (Demos, December 2012)...

Cheap for Whom? How Much Higher Education Costs Taxpayers - The researchers first break down college selectivity into five broad classifications and make adjustments for the fact that for-profit private colleges fall exclusively into the low-selectivity group. When arranged into categories and statistically analyzed for financial cost, several trends emerge. When the public costs of each of these schools are compared with their corresponding returns in the form of income tax receipts, 9 of the 11 examined show a net financial gain. (American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, October 2011)...

Trends in Community College Education: Enrollment, Prices, Student Aid and Debt Levels - The authors describe the published prices of community colleges and the other expenses students face while enrolled and how these prices vary across states. They also examine institutional revenue sources, the financial aid community college students receive, student debt, and degree completion patterns at two-year public colleges. (College Board, June 2011)...

The State Fiscal Stabilization Fund and Higher Education Spending--Part 2 of 4 - This report explores how states distributed federal education stimulus funds and illuminates where stimulus money helped hide major state budget cuts to higher education. The report also identifies the states where major battles over college funding are emerging. (New America Foundation, May 2011)...

The Illinois Public Agenda for College and Career Success - The Public Agenda for Illinois Higher Education is a planning blueprint for the State of Illinois to direct state policies and resources to the higher education and career needs of Illinois residents and to address the current and future economic needs of the state. (Higher Education Finance Study Commission, December 2010)...

Trends in College Spending 1998-2008: Where Does the Money Come From? Where Does it Go? What Does it Buy? - This national trends report examines national college enrollments, revenues and spending in the years leading up to the current recession, and highlights several ongoing patterns in how institutions get and appropriate their money. TCS Online, a new web-based application of the Delta project database, complements the national trends report with easy access to institution and state-level details. (Delta Project on Postsecondary Education Costs, Productivity and Accountability, July 2010)...

The Rising Price of Inequality: How Inadequate Grant Aid Limits College Access and Persistence -- Report to Congress and the Secretary of Education - The federal Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance is charged with providing analyses and policy recommendations on the adequacy of grant aid from all sources (federal, state and institutional) and the postsecondary enrollment and graduation rates of low- and moderate-income students. In response to that mandate, this report provides insights drawn from National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) data that track the experiences of high school graduates through college. The findings suggest that grant aid from all sources is not adequate to ensure access and persistence of qualified low- and moderate-income high school graduates. (Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance, June 2010)...

Tuition-Setting Authority and Deregulation at State Colleges and Universities - The arguments for and against tuition deregulation not only involve finance, but also policy and emotion. Declining state appropriations over time, combined with recession-driven state budget cuts compounded by recession-driven enrollment surges, bring the issue of tuition regulation to the fore for many state colleges and universities with few funding sources other than state appropriations or tuition. (Lesley McBain, American Association of State Colleges and Universities, May 2010)...

Squeeze Play 2010: Continued Public Anxiety on Cost, Harsher Judgments on How Colleges Are Run - Highlights from a series of national surveys tracking public attitudes on higher education, conducted by Public Agenda for the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education. Among the findings: Six out of ten Americans now say that colleges today operate more like a business, focused more on the bottom line than on the educational experience of students. The number feeling that way increased by five percentage points in the last year alone and is up by eight percentage points since 2007. (John Immerwahr, Jean Johnson, Amber Ott and Jonathan Rochkind, The National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, February 2010)...

Demise of Higher Education Performance Funding Systems in Three States - Higher education performance funding is both popular and unstable. The causes for the instability are examined in three states - Florida, Illinois and Washington - in this report and the authors point out some important commonalities. (Kevin Dougherty and Rebecca Natow, Community College Research Center, May 2009)...


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