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Choice of SchoolsSelected Research & Readings (Additional Resources)
 
  CHOICE OF SCHOOLS
 
What States Are Doing
Pros & Cons
Selected Research & Readings
 Choice/Open Enrollment
 Innovation Schools
 Magnet or Specialized Schools
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Choice of Schools--Charter Schools
Choice of Schools--Charter Schools--Charter Districts
Choice of Schools--Choice/Open Enrollment
Choice of Schools--Magnet or Specialized Schools
Choice of Schools--Vouchers
Governance
High School--Dual/Concurrent Enrollment
Instructional Approaches--Homeschooling
Private Schools


ECS Webcast on School Choice: Keeping School Choices Traditional MS Word - The first day of the two-day Education Commission of the States (ECS) Web dialogue on school choice centered on three aspects of traditional public school choice – magnet schools, open enrollment and the No Child Left Behind Act requirements for public school choice. Moderator Todd Ziebarth, policy analyst with Augenblick, Palaich and Associates, Inc. in Denver, Colorado, introduced each of the three focus points and posed questions for the panelists and registered participants. (Education Commission of the States, 2004)...

ECS Webcast on School Choice: Looking at Nontraditional School Choices MS Word - The second day of the two-day Education Commission of the States (ECS) Web dialogue on school choice focused on three aspects of nontraditional public school choice – charter schools, vouchers and home schools. Moderator Todd Ziebarth, policy analyst with Augenblick, Palaich and Associates, Inc. in Denver, Colorado, introduced each of the three focus points and posed questions for the panelists and registered participants. Summaries of the discussions of these points follow. By far, charter schools garnered the most comments and questions. (Education Commission of the States, 2004)...

Stimulating the Supply of New Choices for Families in Light of NCLB: The Role of the State MS Word PDF - Under No Child Left Behind, districts cannot use capacity problems as an excuse for not providing seats for students who wish to transfer. For these districts, and the states that oversee their progress, it is vitally important to look at stimulating the supply of new choices so that interested families can exercise their rights to transfer. This policy brief sketches out the roles that states can play in the process. (Bryan C. Hassel and Lucy Steiner, ECS, September 2004)...

No Child Left Behind Policy Brief: School Choice PDF - One of the most controversial issues in contemporary education policy – school choice – plays a prominent part in the newly revised Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) legislation. School choice definitions, research, and policy challenges and opportunities are discussed in this policy brief. (Carl Krueger and Todd Ziebarth, Education Commission of the States, April 2002)...

The Progress of Education Reform 1999-2001: School Choice MS Word PDF - Looks at charter schools, open enrollment, home schooling and vouchers, and how public education has been impacted by these efforts. (Suzanne Weiss and Todd Ziebarth, The Progress of Education Reform, Education Commission of the States, vol. 1, no. 1, May 1999)...

Choice: Review of the Research on Public School Choice MS Word - Covers the prevalent issues and themes that have emerged in recent debates and studies on the topic of public school choice. Provides a brief historical overview and is followed by a synthesis of recent research. The synthesis is framed around the topics discussed most often in the choice literature: equity, parental choices, impact on staff and students, students with special needs and the dynamics of competition. (Amy Beck Anderson, Education Commission of the States, March 1998)...

Choice: Public School Choice — Annotated Bibliography MS Word - Choice annotated bibliography on the following topics: Effectiveness/Impact on Broader Education Systems, Policy Considerations, Equity Concerns, Students with Disabilities, Teachers, Market-Driven System Competition, Postsecondary Options/Enrollment, Alternative School/At-Risk Students, Parents/Community, Magnet Schools, Open Enrollment/Inter-District and Intra-District Choice, International, Neighborhood Schools and Intra-School Choices. (Education Commission of the States, September 1996)...

The Condition of Education 2009: Indicator 32--Parental Choice of Schools - This indicator examines the availability of public school choice programs and the students who attend chosen public schools, as reported by parents. This is recent data from the National Center for Education Statistics. (National Center for Education Statistics, 2009)...

Open Enrollment in K-12 Public Education - This document provides a clear synthesis of the open enrollment issues, including the potential disadvantages of open enrollment. The authors provide a snapshot of what states are doing in relation to open enrollment, conclusions and recommendations. (Adam Herrman, Nathan Burroughs and Jonathan Plucker, Center for Evaluation and Education Policy, Summer 2009)...

Drivers of Choice: Parents, Transportation and School Choice - The authors address the questions of school transportation in order to obtain meaningful data to help shape school transportation policy. (Paul Teske, Jody Fitzpatrick and Tracey O'Brien, Center on Reinventing Public Education, July 2009)...

Food for Thought: Building a High-Quality School Choice Market - The argument for school choice hinges on both having high-quality options and building demand for academic quality. In order to pressure all public schools to improve and to raise student achievement overall, school choice reforms need to not just increase the supply of any schools. They need to increase the supply of good schools, and parents who know how to find them. As the district and community leaders approach the prospect of an expanded marketplace of schools they would be well-served by examining the experiences of industries already operating in inner-city communities. (Erin Dillon, Education Sector, May 2009)...

Plotting School Choice: The Challenges of Crossing District Lines - This report notes that the goal of choice is "to alleviate the detrimental effects of concentrations of poor, minority, and low-achieving students by moving these students into primarily middle-class, higher-performing schools." Those schools already benefit from "high standards, good teachers, active parents, adequate resources, a safe and orderly environment, a stable student and teacher population." Those are all ingredients required in raising student achievement. (Erin Dillon, Education Sector, August 2008)...

School Choice and State Constitutions: A Guide to Designing School Choice Programs - This report provides a good listing of Blaine Amendments and case law related to challenges of choice programs. Advocacy position reflected in this publication but provides solid information. (American Legislative Exchange Council, April 2007)...

Fixing the Milwaukee Public Schools: The Limits of Parent-Driven Reform - The Milwaukee Public Schools district continues to suffer from poor student performance. Student test scores and dropout rates are at deplorable levels, both in absolute terms and in comparison with the rest of Wisconsin. In an attempt to improve these outcomes, the district itself has embraced two reforms in particular: public school choice and parental involvement. This report examines the limits of parent-driven reform. (David Dodenhoff, Wisconsin Policy Research Institute, 2007)...

Trends in the Use of School Choice: 1993 to 2003 - This report examines trends that focus on the use of and users of public schools (assigned and chosen), private schools and homeschoolers between 1993 and 2003. The report also presents data on parental perceptions of public school choice availability and associations between the public and private school types children were enrolled in and parental satisfaction with and involvement in the schools. (Peter Tice, Christopher Chapman, Daniel Princiotta, and Stacey Bielick, National Center for Education Statistics, November 2006) ...

Does School Choice Work? Effects on Student Integration and Achievement - The San Diego Unified School district – a large and ethnically diverse district – has implemented four main types of public school choice. This report examines the effects of these programs have had on integration and achievement in San Diego. The report also discusses possible nationwide implications relating to choice and charter provisions in NCLB. (Julian R. Betts, Lorien A. Rice, Andrew C. Zau, Y. Emily Tang and Cory R. Koedel, Public Policy Institute of California, August 2006) ...

Put Learning First: A Portfolio Approach to Public Schools - This brief argues for a portfolio approach to public schools. A portfolio-based system would allow school boards to customize schools to their students’ diverse needs within the framework of public education. Such a system would have eight key features: (1) public oversight; (2) public funding; (3) concentration of resources near the student; (4) strategic use of community resources; (5) rewards for high performance; (6) openness to promising ideas, people, and organizations; (7) free movement of dollars, students and educators; and (8) An environment of support for both new and existing schools. (Paul T. Hill, Progressive Policy Institute, February 2006) ...

School Choice in Chile: An Analysis of Parental Preferences and Search Behavior - This study provides background on the history of school choice in Chile — a nation which has offered public and private school choice since the 1980s. The report enumerates the various factors that could influence school choice, and examines the school choices made by a random sample of parents of first-graders in Santiago. While surveys of parents identifed “academic quality” as a top attribute to consider when selecting a school, the study found wide variation in test scores in schools that parents selected. Only one in four parents chose the school with the highest test scores among the schools in their choice set. In addition, nearly 90% of parents in the study were found to “only consider schools with similar student demographics in their choice sets,” leading to greater social stratification in schools. (Gregory Elacqua, National Center for the Study of Privatization in Education, December 2004)...

Providing Quality Choice Options in Education - This report details a number of existing state school strategies to improve student achievement and raise graduation rates. The report, which is intended to be a guide for those governors interested in the issue, reviews a variety of state choice policies. In addition, it also features research and analysis both by proponents and critics of school choice. (Debra Hare Fitzpatrick and Ilene Berman, National Governors Association Center for Best Practices and Center for School Change Humphrey Institute for Public Affairs, 2005)...

Baselines for Assessment of Choice Programs - According to the authors of this report, the performance of choice programs should be compared to the real performance of the current public education system, as opposed to its idealized performance. The authors establish baselines for the actual performance of the current system on a variety of dimensions – racially isolated schools, dollar and human resource inequities, allocation of opportunity-limiting programs and misallocation of opportunity-expanding programs. They also present what is known about choice programs on these same dimensions. (Paul T. Hill and Kacey Guin, Educational Policy Analysis Archives, October 2003)...

School Choice: Doing It the Right Way Makes a Difference - The National Working Commission on Choice in K-12 Education was established to explore how choice works and to examine how communities interested in the potential benefits of new school options could obtain them while avoiding choice's potential damage. In this report, the commission explores choice in terms of four key issues: benefits to children whose parents choose new schools; benefits to children whose families do not exercise choice; effects on the national commitment to equal opportunity and school desegregation; and advancement of social cohesion and common democratic values. (National Working Commission on Choice in K-12 Education, The Brookings Institution, November 2003)...

Trends in the Use of School Choice: 1993 to 1999 - This report provides information about the use and users of public schools of choice and private schools as well as about the outcomes of these choices. According to the report, the percentage of children enrolled in public, assigned schools for 1st through 12th grades decreased from 80 percent in 1993 to 76 percent in 1999. The decrease in public, assigned school enrollment was almost completely offset by an increase from 11 to 14 percent in public, chosen school enrollment. In addition, enrollment in private schools remained relatively stable in each year. (National Center for Education Statistics, 2003)...


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