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Accountability--Sanctions/InterventionsSelected Research & Readings (Additional Resources)
What States Are Doing
Selected Research & Readings

Accountability--School Improvement
Governance--Local/Mayoral Takeovers
No Child Left Behind--Consequences for Schools

School Restructuring Via the No Child Left Behind Act: Potential State Roles PDF - This ECS Issue Brief describes alternative roles available to the states in implementing NCLB's restructuring requirements. In addition to discussing why states should play a role in implementing NCLB's restructuring requirements, the brief discusses three potential roles that states may take in restructuring – mildly-, moderately- or highly-active – depending on local considerations. (Todd Ziebarth and Bryan Hassel, Education Commission of the States, November 2005)...

Closing Low-Performing Schools and Reopening Them as Charter Schools: The Role of the State MS Word PDF - This paper suggests that states consider incorporating into their broader restructuring efforts an option that allows policymakers and administrators – selectively and wisely – to close down chronically low-performing schools and reopen them as charter schools. It explores the challenges and potential benefits of this option, as well as the roles that states can play in its implementation. (Todd Ziebarth, Education Commission of the States, September 2004)...

Stimulating the Supply of New Choices for Families in Light of NCLB: The Role of the State MS Word PDF - Under No Child Left Behind, districts cannot use capacity problems as an excuse for not providing seats for students who wish to transfer. For these districts, and the states that oversee their progress, it is vitally important to look at stimulating the supply of new choices so that interested families can exercise their rights to transfer. This policy brief sketches out the roles that states can play in the process. (Bryan C. Hassel and Lucy Steiner, ECS, September 2004)...

Reporting, Rewarding and Sanctioning Schools and Districts MS Word - Around the country, the push for higher standards has led to an increase in the importance of accountability for schools, districts and even states. Policymakers are using a variety of means to measure performance and respond appropriately. (Article from the Fall 2000 ECS State Education Leader)...

Can Failing Schools Be Fixed? - This report examines three interventions into failing schools: the Schools Under Registration Review process in New York, comprehensive school reform in Memphis, Tennessee, and school reconstitution in Prince George’s County, Maryland. The author writes that in each of these cases roughly half or fewer of the schools that were subject to the intervention showed real improvement when gauged in terms of student achievement. The author tells policymakers not to be overwhelmed by the number of intervention strategies available and to be patient, as it may be several years before even a successful intervention shows results. (Ronald C. Brady, Thomas B. Fordham Foundation, January 2003)...

Turning Around Low-Performing Schools: A Guide for State and Local Leaders - This guide focuses on promising strategies for improving student achievement and building school capacity, as well as the traditional subjects of identifying and intervening in low-performing schools. (U.S. Department of Education, May 1998)...

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