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The Progress of Education Reform: Early Care and Education - Aligning the Early Years and the Early Grades PDF - This issue of The Progress of Education Reform addresses the policies and practices associated with sustaining school readiness and boosting achievement for young children throughout the early elementary years. It outlines the disconnect between systems of early care and education and K-12 and offers solutions for aligning early years and early grades policies. (Mimi Howard, Education Commission of the States, February 2008)...

Remarks by Michael H. Levine, Conference on Technology and Early Childhood Education PDF - Michael H. Levine, executive director of the I Am Your Child Foundation, gave this presentation at the ECS-sponsored conference on Technology and Early Childhood Education in July 2002. (Michael H. Levine, Education Commission of the States, July 2002)...

Giving America’s Young Children A Better Start: A Change Brief MS Word - This essay provides a brief overview of the current state of early child care and education and discusses current problems in preparing young children for school. It also provides an overview of the current efforts which states have undertaken to improve the quality of early child care. Looking towards the future, the paper outlines a broad, long-range approach to improving early child education and includes a series of recommendations for state policymakers. (Sharon Lynn Kagan, Education Commission of the States, May 2001)...

State Education Leader (Summer 2001), Early Learning MS Word PDF - Early care and education — “early learning” — increasingly is becoming a prominent education policy issue. More women of all income levels are entering the workforce, causing an increased demand for reliable, safe places for their children to stay while they work. Simultaneously, the long-term benefits of high-quality early childhood services are becoming clearer as study after study shows the education and economic pay-offs of investing in young children. Finally, the states — and, indeed, the nation — are making school readiness and academic achievement top priorities. (State Education Leader, Education Commission of the States, vol. 19, no. 2, Summer 2001, 16 pages)...

The Progress of Education Reform: Early Care and Education MS Word - Serves as a guide for policymakers who are considering implementing and/or reforming early care and education practices in their states. Raises issues and implications around curriculum alignment, school entry age, assessment and teacher training. (Adapted from papers written by Lillian G. Katz, The Progress of Education Reform 1999-2001, vol. 2, no. 6, Education Commission of the States, June-July 2001)...

Easing the Transition to Kindergarten MS Word - Summarizes some of the characteristics and principles that should be reflected in kindergarten transition practices. (Education Commission of the States, July 2000)...

Brain Research and Education: Neuroscience Research Has Impact for Education Policy MS Word - If you just want the basics on brain research and its possible implications for education, check out this brief synopsis of the issues and changes in education policy that could benefit infants, toddlers and families. (Janelle Miller, Education Commission of the States, March 1998)...

2011 Child and Youth Well-Being Index (CWI) - A comprehensive measure of how children are faring in the United States based on a composite of 28 Key indicators of well-being that are grouped into seven Quality-of-Life/Well-Being Domains. (Foundation for Child Development, Nov 2011)...

The State of America's Children -- 2011 - The report finds children have fallen further behind in many of the leading indicators over the past year as the country slowly climbs out of the recession. This is a comprehensive compilation and analysis of the most recent and reliable national and state-by-state data on population, poverty, family structure, family income, health/nutrition, early childhood development, education, child welfare, juvenile justice, and gun violence. The report provides key child data showing alarming numbers of youth at risk: children are the poorest age group with 15.5 million youth—one in every five children in America—living in poverty, and more than 60 percent of fourth, eighth and 12th grade public school students are reading or doing math below grade level. (Children's Defense Fund, July 2011)...

Kids Count Data Book - Every year, KIDS COUNT tracks a comprehensive set of indicators of child well-being, including education, economic status, health, safety and risky behaviors, and basic demographics. The Data Book features state-by-state data and rankings on each of 10 key indicators, including trend data since 1990. (Annie E. Casey Foundation, 2010)...

Human Capital Development Before Age Five - This paper from the National Bureau of Economic Research surveys the literature on the differing long-term impacts of early risk factors and various interventions before age five. Programs discussed include income transfer, home visiting, child care and early education, and children's health insurance. The paper includes a bibliography of studies organized by intervention type. (Douglas Almond and Janet Currie, National Bureau of Economic Research, March 2010)...

Celebrating Improvement in Infant-Toddler Policy: Top 10 Policy Achievements of 2009 - This article highlights those policy achievements that recognize the role everyone plays in supporting our nation’s youngest children. (Zero to Three, December 2009)...

Positive Indicators of Child Well-Being: A Conceptual Framework, Measures and Methodological Issues - This UNICEF offers a framework for monitoring child well-being that includes three types of data while providing sample indicators that measure each area and possible data sources. The three areas include child outcomes across four domains (physical health and development, cognitive development, emotional development and social and behavioral development); quality of relationships between children and their families, peers, school staff and other community members; and characteristics of the environments in which children live, learn and play (e.g., home, school, neighborhood, etc.)....

Social Science Rising: A Tale of Evidence Shaping Public Policy - A goal of social science is to influence public policy by generating practical knowledge that can help policy makers make informed decisions. Over the past four decades, increasingly reliable methods have been developed to test whether programs affect children’s behavior and development and if so, whether their effects are long-lasting. (Ron Haskins, Christina Paxon, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Princeton University, Fall 2009)...

Early Educational Opportunities for Children of Hispanic Origins - This brief reviews the literature on effective early education programs for young Latino children -- the largest and fastest growing racial minority group in the U.S – concluding that dual-language programs are more effective than monolingual programs. Policy recommendations are offered for the federal, state, and local levels, aimed at better serving Latino children. (Eugene Garcia and Bryant Jensen, Society for Research in Child Development, 2009)...

Improving Indicators of Child Well-Being - This report makes a number of recommendations on new directions for the development of child well-being indicators. The report follows a symposium on child well-being indicators held in December 2008, attended by leading experts from universities, government agencies, and nonprofit organizations. (Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago, 2009)...

What We Know and Don’t Know About Measuring Quality in Early Childhood and School-Age Care and Education Settings - This brief raises questions about the extent to which existing quality measures can be applied across age groups and early childhood settings and to special populations, such as English language learners. (Child Trends, May 2009)...

Improving Care Coordination, Case Management, and Linkages to Service for Young Children: Opportunities for States - This report highlights strategies states can use to improve care coordination and case management in the delivery of health services for young children, as well as strengthen linkages between primary care providers and other child and family service providers. (Kay Johnson and Jill Rosenthal, National Academy for State Health Policy, April 2009)...

Early Experiences Matter: A Guide for Improved Policies for Infants and Toddlers - A set of tools for taking action and improving public policies that impact the lives of infants, toddlers, and their families. All of the materials in the toolkit are accessible online. (Zero to Three, 2009) ...

Including Infants and Toddlers in Quality Rating Systems - White paper from September 2008 meeting where quality ratings indicators were discussed. (National Infant and Toddler Child Care Initiative, September 2008)...

School Readiness Integration (SRI) Models: A Descriptive and Cost Analysis Study - The Texas Early Education Model requires participating pre-k programs to collaborate and coordinate their efforts and resources with other early care and education programs in their communities. These programs receive additional resources including professional development, technical assistance, instructional materials, and computerized assessment tools. A multi-year independent evaluation shows mixed results for the program. Participation in the program seems to improve teaching practices in the short-term and impacts some children's early literacy skills. (Edvance Research, October 2007)...

Selected State and Local Policies to Support Immigrant and Limited English Proficient Early Care and Education Provider - This brief describes promising state and local policies that support early care and education providers who are from immigrant backgrounds or have limited English proficiency. (Center for Law and Social Policy, 2007)...

The Family: America's Smallest School - This report outlines the family and home conditions affecting children's cognitive development and school achievement, and how gaps beginning early persist throughout life. Critical factors examined include child care quality, parental involvement in schools, parent/pupil ratio, family finances, literacy development, student absences and physical home environments. (Educational Testing Service, September 2007) ...

A Science- Based Framework for Early Childhood Policy - The framework provides a concise overview of the scientific principles of early childhood and early brain development, along with an inventory of specific effectiveness factors associated with a variety of programs that enhance outcomes for vulnerable children. (Center for the Developing Child, August 2007)...

A Review of Methods and Instruments Used in State and Local School Readiness Evaluations - This report reviews more than 82 evaluations conducted for pre-k programs in 22 states and 15 local communities and describes some common themes about the kinds of assessment instruments they use and how they are administered. Included are bibliographies of the evaluations and publications that help decision-makers develop assessment systems. The report also has detailed descriptions of the 27 assessment instruments used by the programs studied. (Southeast Regional Educational Laboratory, August 2007)...

Summary: A review of methods and instruments used in state and local school readiness evaluations - This report provides detailed information about the methods and instruments used to evaluate school readiness initiatives, discusses important considerations in selecting instruments, and provides resources and recommendations that may be helpful to those who are designing and implementing school readiness evaluations. For the summary report click here. To link to the full report click here. (Southeast Regional Educational Laboratory, 2007)...

Pre-K and Latinos: The Foundation for America’s Future - This report shows that, by providing Latino children with culturally and linguistically appropriate services in high-quality, pre-k-for-all programs, educators and policymakers can help close the achievement gap and make a major contribution to realizing this growing population's remarkable potential. (Eugene Garcia and Danielle Gonzales, Pre-K No, July 2006)...

Initial Results from the 2005 NHES Early Childhood Program Participation Study - This report presents selected data on the nonparental care arrangements and educational programs of infants, toddlers, and preschool children, consisting of care by relatives, care by persons to whom they were not related, and participation in day care centers and preschool programs including Head Start or Early Head Start. In addition, findings concerning home learning activities are presented. This report also incorporates basic demographic information about the child, parent/guardian characteristics, home activities, and household characteristics. These data are from the Early Childhood Program Participation Survey (ECPP) of the 2005 National Household Education Surveys Program (NHES:2005). (National Center for Education Statstics, May 2006) ...

Pathways to Early School Success: Helping the Most Vulnerable Infants, Toddlers, and Their Families - This issue brief focuses on the special challenges of helping babies and toddlers whose earliest experiences, environments, and especially relationships create not a warm and nurturing atmosphere, but what scientists have called “toxic stress” – exposing them to such high and consistent levels of stress that their growing brains cannot integrate their experiences in ways that promote growth and learning. It describes 10 strategies that programs and communities can implement to ensure these babies, toddlers, and families are connected to sufficiently intensive supports that can get them on a path to early school success. (Jane Knitzer and Jill Lefkowitz, National Center for Children in Poverty, January 2006)...

Child Care and Early Education Arrangements of Infants, Toddlers, and Preschoolers: 2001 - The latest in a series on non-parental care and education arrangements, this report presents available data for children under six from the Early Childhood Program Participation Survey. The report examines differences in child care arrangements by age, race, ethnicity, family income, mother's level of education, geographic region, location of non-parental care arrangements, average out-of-pocket expenses and more. (Gail M. Mulligan, DeeAnn Brimhall, Jerry West and Christopher Chapman, National Center for Education Statistics, November 2005)...

Losing Ground in Early Childhood Education: Declining Workforce Qualifications in an Expanding Industry, 1979-2004 - This paper examines how the educational attainment of early childhood education (ECE) workers has changed over time. The authors report that educational levels of ECE teachers peaked during the early 1980s recession, when the share of center-based teachers and administrators with at least a four-year college degree averaged 43%, compared to 30% for the last three years, and the share with a high school education or less climbed from 25% to 30%. The paper also finds that older workers tend to be more highly educated, and that as they retire it will be difficult to replace them with similarly educated and qualified workers. (Stephen Herzenberg, Mark Price and David Bradley, Economic Policy Institue, 2005)...

Long-term Effects of an Early Childhood Intervention on Educational Achievement and Juvenile Arrest - This longitudinal evaluation study shows that participation in an established early childhood intervention for low-income children was associated with better educational and social outcomes up to age 20. These findings are among the strongest evidence that established programs administered through public schools can promote children's long-term success. (Arthur J. Reynolds, Judy A. Temple, Dylan L. Robertson, Emily A. Mann, JAMA, May 2001) ...

The Transition to Kindergarten - Collection of works presented at a 1998 synthesis conference conducted under the auspices of the National Center for Early Development and Learning. (Edited by Robert C. Pianta and Martha J. Cox, 1999)...

Investing in Our Children: What We Know and Don’t Know About the Costs and Benefits of Early Childhood Interventions - Reviews evaluations of nine early childhood interventions, concluding that early intervention can make a positive difference, especially for higher-risk children. Also concludes that later savings in public expenditures outweigh program costs, especially if benefits to parents as well as children are measured. (RAND, 1998)...


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