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Issues in Community College Funding MS Word PDF - This issue paper examines data from a 2004 survey, focusing on two issues within 11 states’ community college systems: (1) Does the state’s funding system take into account one-year spikes in student enrollment? (2) Does the state-funding system provide additional funding for high-cost programs such as nursing, pre-med or engineering? (Michael Griffith, Education Commission of the States, April 2005)...

State Policies on Community College Remedial Education: Findings from a National Survey PDF - Community colleges' success rate in preparing remedial students to enter and succeed in college-level work has profound implications for their effectiveness in expanding access to higher education. This paper presents findings from a survey of state higher education officials on policies the various states have established to guide and support remedial education at community colleges. (ECS Center for Community College Policy, Fall 2002)...

State Policies on Community College Workforce Development: Findings from a National Survey PDF - The vast majority of the more than 165,000 advanced certificates community colleges award are in job-related fields. This paper presents findings from a survey of state higher education officials on policies the various states have established to guide and support workforce development programs at community colleges. (ECS Center for Community College Policy, Fall 2002)...

Presidential Salaries at Two- and Four-Year Colleges MS Word - Recent reports of skyrocketing presidential salaries at private universities have led many policymakers to inquire about presidential salaries at public community colleges and universities. ECS surveyed community college state administrators and state association directors about the average salary for community college presidents in each state. (Evelyn Waiwaiole and Terese Rainwater, Education Commission of the States, March 2001)...

Community College Noncredit Occupational Programming: A Study of State Policies and Funding - Information was collected from state-level and community college representatives responsible for noncredit occupational programming and funding, and a matrix was developed to inventory each state's practices related to the development and funding of noncredit occupational courses. This research snapshot reports on the key findings of the study. (National Research Center for Career and Technical Education, September 2009)...

Higher Education in Michigan: Overcoming Challenges to Expand Access - This study focuses on three geographically diverse areas of Michigan: a suburban county, a large city, and six rural counties in the northeastern Lower Peninsula. Some consistent patterns were found: (1)The state's residents have found it increasingly difficult to succeed with a college degree; (2) It is extremely important to expand access to postsecondary education for the state's economic future; (3) In all three areas examined, barriers make it difficult for low-income and minority residents to earn a college degree. Recommendations include addressing college access at the state level; establish better and new relationships between two- and four-year institutions; develop better transportation systems; and expand healthcare and medical training to position Michigan as a leader in the industry. (Alisa Cunningham, Wendy Erisman and Shannon Loney, Institute for Higher Education Policy, March 2008)...

Green Lights/Red Tape: Improving Access to Financial Aid at California's Community Colleges - This report examines wide variations in financial aid policies and practices at California's community colleges, which can have a major impact on students’ access to available aid. (Deborah Cochrane and Hilda Hernandez-Gravelle, The Institute for College Access & Success, December 2007)...

Investigating the Alignment of High School and Community College Assessments in California - This report examines the math and English expectations for high school students entering California's community colleges, and reveals the degree of alignment between what students master in high school versus what is expected for college-level work. (Richard Brown and David Niemi, The National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, June 2007) ...

Community Colleges Generally are Consistent in Awarding College Credit for Certificate Programs - This paper reports the results of a survey of all 28 Florida community colleges and 43 technical centers meant to answer five questions: (1) How many technical centers and community colleges have local articulation agreements? (2) Do community colleges award varying amounts of credit for the same type of certificate programs? (3) What statewide articulation agreements exist and are in development? (4) How do the original state agreements compare to the existing local agreements? (5) How will community colleges respond to the statewide agreements? (Office of Program Policy Analysis & Government Accountability, April 2007)...

Final Report from the Task Force on Retention and Completion Rates at the Community Colleges - According to the national data (IPEDS), the average community college graduation rate for first-time, full-time, degree-seeking students in Massachusetts was 17.4% in 2005, as compared to the national average of 21.5%. A Massachusetts task force developed goals and recommendations to increase the success and educational goal attainment for all community college students. The three goals include: increase the graduation rate for first-time, full-time, degree seeking students who complete their program within seven years; develop comprehensive student success measures for all community college students; and leverage financial resources to implement task force recommendations. (Massachusetts Board of Higher Education, February 2007)...

Rules of the Game: How State Policy Creates Barriers to Degree Completion and Impedes Student Success in the California Community Colleges - California’s community colleges are providing broad access to college, but that access is not translating into degree completion. In fact, only 60% of first-time community college students are seeking a degree or certificate, and only about one-fourth of these transfer to a university and/or earn an associate’s degree or a certificate within six years. Without big gains in educational attainment, especially among the Latino population, the state’s per capita income will soon fall below the national average and the education level of the workforce will decline, conclude the authors. This policy brief describes the role that current policies play in impeding completion, and offers recommendations for policy change to better the prospects for students and the state. (Nancy Shulock and Colleen Moore, California State University – Sacramento, February 2007) ...

State Approval Policies and Procedures for Postsecondary CTE Programs - How states approve new or review existing postsecondary Career and Technical Education (CTE) programs is not widely known outside a given state. This brief presents the results of a national study designed to inventory state agency approval policies and procedures for postsecondary CTE programs. The study provides a snapshot of a broad array of policies and procedures currently used by states to review and modify existing policies and procedures. (Rodney Merkley and George Johnston, Office of Community College Research and Leadership, 2007)...

Strategic Responses to Financial Challenges: Funding The College’s Future: Executive Briefing Paper MS Word PDF - This paper traces the convergence of several significant national trends affecting community colleges, dwelling on how these trends also appear to affect Delaware Tech and its ability to sustain its financial security in the future. After examining enrollment trends, the ongoing value to the nation and to Delaware of community college education, and trends in public sector support – especially state and local government support – for community colleges like Delaware Tech, the paper considers the implications of the college’s current financial path. (Andrew D. Zimmerman, Office of Collegewide Planning and Assessment, Delaware Technical & Community College, Reprinted with Permission by ECS, November 2006)...

California’s Community College Students - The California community college system describes itself as the largest postsecondary education system in the world, with more than 2.5 million mostly part-time students enrolled in more than 100 colleges around the state. This report examines the community college population in California, seeking answers for the following questions: Why do students attend, and how do their goals differ in relation to their demographics? Which students achieve their objectives for attending community college? Who returns for a second year, who transfers to a four-year institution and who obtains a degree or certificate? (Ria Sengupta and Christopher Jepsen, Public Policy Institute of California, November 2006) ...

“Putting Minds to Work” Pays Big Dividends! The Impact of Florida Community Colleges on Students’ Prosperity and the State’s Economy: A Solid Return on Investment - This report examines the impact of Florida’s community colleges on students’ prosperity and on the state’s economy. The state’s 28 community colleges have a broad mission and multiple responsibilities. They chiefly provide academic and technical degree education. Most of their students are part-time. Their average age is 27. During the 2004-05 fiscal year, more than 800,000 students sought educational enhancement through the community college system. (Necati Aydin, Florida Tax Watch, February 2006) ...

State Policies to Achieve the Dream in Five States: An Audit of State Policies to Aid Student Access and Success in Community Colleges in the First Five Achieving the Dream - This report presents the findings of an audit of state policies affecting access to, and success in, community colleges in five states. The report explores the existence of key policies relating to tuition, student aid, open door admissions, remedial (or developmental education), transfer, performance accountability and a number of other key areas. Recommendations for future state policy are also discussed. (Kevin Dougherty, Monica Reid and H. Kenny Nienhusser, Community College Research Center, February 2006)...

Building Learning Communities - The Opening Doors Learning Communities program operated at Kingsborough community college in Brooklyn, New York, is designed to increase student persistence, achievement and in the longer term, labor-market success. Participating freshmen are placed into 25 student-learning communities and take three first-semester courses together: (1) English; (2) a course on another academic subject; and (3) a one-credit freshman-orientation course. Each learning community has a counselor who works with the instructors to integrate the courses, review student progress and devise success strategies, in addition to working with students to address obstacles to regular attendance and academic success. This report examines early results of the program. Additional, longer term studies with larger student groups also are planned. (Dan Bloom and Colleen Sommo, MDRC, June 2005)...


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